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Last updated: May 3, 2014



Sicily ( Sicilia )



Overview.

In 1035, William "the Iron-Arm" and Drogo, sons of Tancred of Hauteville, a petty noble in Normandy, arrived in South Italy. The two joined in the organized attempt to wrest Apulia from the Greeks, who by 1040 had lost most of that province. In 1042 Melfi was chosen as the Norman capital, and in September of that year the Normans elected William as their count, who was succeeded in turn by his brothers Drogo, and Humphrey, who arrived about 1044. In 1047 Robert "the Guiscard" (+1085), the sixth son of Tancred of Hauteville, arrived in Italy. In 1057, Robert, succeeded Humphrey as Count of Apulia and, in company with Roger (+1101), his youngest brother, carried on the conquest of Apulia and Calabria.

In 1061, Robert and Roger invaded Sicily and captured Messina. In January 1072, Robert "the Guiscard", as suzerain, invested his brother Roger I as Count of Sicily.
Roger II (+1154), a son of Roger, who became Count of Sicily in 1105, and Duke of Apulia in 1127, united all the Norman conquests, and, in 1130, was declared the first King of Sicily. The new Kingdom included the Island of Sicily and the Southern Italy.

In 1266, Charles, Count of Anjou, brother of King Louis IX of France, defeated King Manfred of Sicily, and took his Kingdom.

In 1282, the Sicilians revolted against the administration of King Charles I ("the Sicilian Vespers revolt"). Soon after the revolt, the Sicilians turned to Peter III, King of Aragon, and the husband of Manfred’s daughter, who became King of Sicily. The Kingdom of Sicily became divided, the mainland portion remained in the hands of Charles I, and Peter III's domain extended only to the Island of Sicily itself. Charles I and his successors continued called themselves "Kings of Sicily", although their Kingdom became known as the Kingdom of Naples after its capital.

Frederick (+1337), the third son of King Peter of Aragon, founded the younger, Sicilian, branch of the House of Aragon that ruled the Kingdom of Sicily became King of Sicily until 1401.
Since 1409, the Kingdom of Sicily was united with the Crown of Aragon.

In 1516, the Crown of Aragon, which Kingdoms of Naples and Sicily, united with the Crown of Castile, and the Spanish Monarchy was established.

In 1713, the Treaty of Utrecht assigned Sicily to the Duke of Savoy, who travelled with a British squadron to Palermo to take personal possession of the Kingdom, as the Spanish Viceroy of Sicily evacuated his troops.
In July 1718, a Spanish army landed on on the island of Sicily, and expelled the Savoyard troops.
In 1719, after the Austrian forces launched a counter-invasion of Sicily against the Spanish, and the Savoyard Viceroy formally handed over control of Sicily.
In 1720, the Duke of Savoy formally ceded Sicily to Austria in exchange for Sardinia.

During the War of the Polish Succession, a Spanish army conquered Naples and Sicily, and in 1735 Charles of Bourbon, a younger son of King Philip V of Spain, was installed as King of Naples and Sicily.

In 1816, the formal union of the Kingdom of Naples with the Kingdom of Sicily established the Kingdom of the Two Sicilies.

In 1860, the Kingdom of the Two Sicilies was taken by Garibaldi's army in the name of King of Sardinia.
In 1861, the former Kingdom of the Two Sicilies became part of Italy.






Notes:
1. After the division of the original Kingdom of Sicily, the Kingdom of Naples was called "Sicily on this side of the Lighthouse", (the lighthouse marked the straits of Messina), in Latin, "Sicilia citra Farum". The Kingdom on the Island of Sicily was called "Sicily beyond the Lighthouse", in Latin "Sicilia ultra Farum".
2. In the 11th-14th centuries, when a person became King of the Romans (a Head of the Holy Roman Empire), he stopped using titles below the royal rank.
3. The Kingdoms of Sicily and Naples were united in 1435-1458, 1504-1554, 1556-1713, 1720-1806, and 1815-1816. In 1816 they were finally united in 1816 in the Kingdom of both Sicilies.





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Geographical names.

Achaea -> Achaia (Peloponnesus, Greece);
Anjou -> Andegavia; Angio (in France);
Bohemia / Czechia -> Böhmen (in Czech Republic);
Burgundy -> Bourgogne (Yonne, Côte-d'Or, Saône-et-Loire, Ain, and Nièvre, E France);
Cumania -> the land of the Cumans / Polovtsi / Kipchaks (the Turkish people that lived in the steppes of the Eastern Europe and Kazakhstan);
Flanders -> Vlaanderen (Belgium);
Ferrette -> Pfirt (in Haut-Rhin, Alsace, NE France);
Galicia [in Spain];
Galicia [in Ukraine] -> Halychyna; Galizien; Galicja; Halicz (in W Ukraine and SE Poland);
Goceano (Sardinia, Italy);
Gorizia -> Goritia; Gorica; Gurize; Görz (in Friuli-Venezia Giulia, NE Italy);
Habsburg (in Aargau, N Switzerland);
Hungary -> Ungarn; Magyarország;
Kyburg (in Zurich, Switzerland);
Lodomeria -> Volodymyr-Volynskyy (Volhynia / Volyn / Wolyn, NW Ukraine);
Lusatia -> Lausitz; Luzice; Luzicko; Luzyca (in Saxony, SE Germany);
Maine -> Cenomania (in France);
"The Margraviate of the Holy Roman Empire" (Antwerp, Belgium);
Mechelen / Mecheln / Mechlin -> Malines (Antwerp, Belgium);
Milan -> Mediolanum; Milano; Mailand (in N Italy);
Moravia -> Morava; Mähren (in E Czech Republic);
Pordenone -> Portus Naonis; Portenau (in Friuli-Venezia Giulia, NE Italy);






Christian (First) names.

Charles -> Carolus; Carlo; Carlos;
Ferdinand -> Ferrante; Fernando;
Frederick -> Fridericus; Federico / Federigo; Friedrich;
Jacob / James -> Jacobus; Jacques; Giacomo; Jaime;
Joan -> Johanna; Giovanna;
Louis -> Ludovicus; Luigi;
Peter -> Petrus; Pierro; Pedro;
William -> Guillelmus; Guillermo;






The Duchy of Apulia, Calabria, Sicily

--- 1059-1127

Duke of Apulia, Calabria, Sicily;

@ Samples:

(Jan 1082) [43: vol.V; Doc.# 433]
< Robert "the Guiscard" (+1085), Count of Apulia 1057; Duke of Apulia & Calabria 1059 >
Ego Robertus universorum dispositoris permissione dux apulie calabrie et sicilie.

(Jan 1082) [43: vol.V; Doc.# 435]
Ego Robertus universorum dispositoris permissione dux apuliae calabriae et siciliae.

(Jan 1082 ) [43: vol.V; Doc.# 436]
Ego Robertus universorum dispositoris permissione dux apulie, calabrie et sicilie.

(1094) [43: vol.V; Doc.# 477]
< Roger "the Borsa" (+1111), Duke of Apulia & Calabria 1085 >
Rogerius Apuliae Calabriae Siciliae Dei Gratia Dux









The County of Sicily

--- 1071-1130

Count of Calabria, Sicily;

@ Samples:

(May 1093) [43: vol.V; Doc.# 466]
< Roger I (+1101), Count of Sicily 1071, of Calabria >
Rogerius Divina favente clementia comes calabriae ac sicilie

(July 1094) [43: vol.VI; Doc.# A.11]
Ego Rogerius non meis meritis sed gratia divina previdente calabrie siciliaeque comes

(1096) [43: vol.VI; Doc.# A.11]
Ego rogerius syciliae comes et calabriae

(June 1098) [43: vol.VI; Doc.# 510]
Ego Rogerius Calabrie ac Sicilie per dei voluntatem Comes

< Simon (+1105), Count of Calabria & Sicily 1101 >

< Roger II (+1154), Count of Calabria & Sicily 1105; Duke of Apulia 1127; King of Sicily 1130 >









The Kingdom of Sicily

--- 1130-1135

King of Sicily, Italy;

@ Samples:

(Sep 1133) [9: p.137-138]
< Roger II (+1154), Count of Calabria & Sicily 1105; Duke of Apulia 1127; King of Sicily 1130 >
Ego Rogerius Dei Gratia Sicilie et Italie rex

(Oct 1133) [9: p.141], [9: p.142]
Ego Rogerius Sicilie et Italie rex,
Rogerii primi comitis heres et filius

(July 1134) [9: p.144]
Ego Rogerius Sicilie et Italie rex,
Rogerii primi comitis heres et filius

(Sep 1135) [94: volume II; p.390; Doc.# 6]
Ego Rogerius Dei gratia Siciliae, et Italiae Rex,
Rogerii I. Comitis haeres, et filius






--- 1135-1194

King of Sicily, of the Duchy of Apulia, of the Principality of Capua;

@ Replaced:

- Italy with Apulia, Capua
Note: Roger II invested his son Roger with the Duchy of Apulia and his son Alphonse with the Principality of Capua (1135).

@ Samples:

(Aug 1137) [9: p.147-148]
< Roger II (+1154), Count of Calabria & Sicily 1105; Duke of Apulia 1127; King of Sicily 1130 >
Nos itaque Rogerius divina favente clementia rex Sicilie, ducatus Apulie et principatus Capue

(Aug 1156) [9: p.42-43]
< William I (+1166), King of Sicily 1154 >
Guillelmus divina favente clementia rex Sicilie, ducatus Apulie et principatus Capue

(July 1172) [14: vol.2; p.180]
< William II (+1190), King of Sicily 1166 >
Wilelmus divina favente clementia rex Sicilie ducatus apulie et principatus capue

(Apr 1190) [10: p.3-4]
< Tancred (+1194), King of Sicily 1190 >
Tancredus divina favente clementia rex Sicilie, ducatus Apulie et principatus Capue

(Oct 1194) [10: p.105]
< William III (+1198), King of Sicily [1194-1194] >
Willelmus divina favente clementia rex Sicilie, ducatus Apulie et principatus Capue

@ Samples [Auxiliary]:

(Dec 1177) [118: tomus II (1726); p.1643-1644; Doc.# IIX]
Ego Rogerius de Aquila Dei & Regia gratia Comes Avellinæ






--- 1194-1198 ( Constance & Henry [ VI as Emperor ] )

King of Sicily;

@ Replaced:

- [1194] Apulia, Capua with the Romans
Constance, the wife of the Roman Emperor Henry VI, became Queen of Sicily (1194).

@ Samples:

(Apr 1195) [14: vol.6; # 1]
< Constance (+1198), Queen of Sicily 1194;~ 1186 Henry VI (+1197), King of the Romans 1190 ; Emperor 1191; >
Henricus sextus divina favente clementia romanorum imperator.
Rex Sicilie et
semper Augustus

(Nov 1195) [14: vol.1; # 65]
Constantia divina favente clementia Romanorum imperatrix, et
regina Sicilie
semper augusta

(July 1197) [16: vol.2; p.164]
Henricus sextus, divina favente clementia, Romanorum Imperator semper Augustus et
Rex Siciliae

(1197) [29: Band 1; p.66; Doc.# 71]
Constantia dei gratia Romanorum imperatrix semper augusta et
regina Sicilie






--- 1198-1198 ( Constance & Frederick [ II as Emperor ] )

-- Constance

King of Sicily;


-- Frederick

King of Sicily, of the Duchy of Apulia, of the Principality of Capua;

@ Replaced:

-[1198] the Romans with Apulia, Capua
Frederick, who became his mother's co-ruler in Sicily, did not succeed his father, Emperor Henry VI, in the Holy Roman Enpire (1198).

@ Samples:

(Nov 1198) [29: Band 1; p.72; Doc.# 77]
< Constance (+1198), Queen of Sicily 1194;~ 1186 Henry VI (+1197), King of the Romans 1190 ; Emperor 1191; >
Constancia dei gracia Romanorum imperatrix semper augusta et
regina Sicilie
una cum carissimo filio suo
Frederico eadem gracia rege Sicilie, ducatus Apulie et Principatus Capue






--- 1198-1212 ( Frederick [ II as Emperor ] )

King of Sicily, of the Duchy of Apulia, of the Principality of Capua;

@ Samples:

(Jan 1199, n.s.) [29: Band 1; p.78; Doc.# 78]
< Frederick (+1250), King of Sicily 1198; King of the Romans 1212; Emperor of the Romans (Frederick II) 1220 >
Fredericus divina favente clementia rex Sicilie, ducatus Apulie et principatus Capue

(Sep 1201) [29: Band 1; p.80; Doc.# 88]
Fredericus dei gracia rex Sicilie, ducatus Apulie et principatus Capue

(July 1205) [14: vol.8; p.247]
Fredericus divina favente clemencia Rex Sicilie, ducatus Apulie, et principatus Capue

(July 1210) [14: vol.1; p.151]
Fredericus divina favente clementia Rex Sicilie, ducatus Apulie, et principatus Capue

(Apr 1212) [29: Band 1; p.96; Doc.# 111]
Fredericus dei gracia rex Sicilie, ducatus Apulie, et principatus Capue,
in Romanorum imperatorem electus et semper augustus

@ Samples [Auxiliary]:

(Aug 1203) [118: tomus II (1726); p.1645-1646; Doc.# X]
Nos Guilielmus Malconvenant Comes,
Magnus Admiratus

(June 1211) [118: tomus II (1726); p.1649-1650; Doc.# XIII]
Alemandus Dei & Regia gratia ac Communitatis Januæ Comes Syracuse &
Domini Regis familiaris






--- 1212-1220 ( Frederick [ II as Emperor ] )

King of Sicily;

@ Replaced:

-[1194] Apulia, Capua with the Romans
King Frederick of Sicily was elected King of the Romans (1212).

@ Samples:

(Mar 1213, n.s.) [29: Band 1; p.99; Doc.# 116]
< Frederick (+1250), King of Sicily 1198; King of the Romans 1212; Emperor (Frederick II) 1220 >
Fredericus secundus dei gracia Romanorum rex semper augustus et
rex Sicilie

(June 1219) [29: Band 2; p.11; Doc.# 10]
Fridericus secundus divina favente clementia Romanorum rex semper augustus et
rex Sicilie

@ Samples [Regents]:

(May 1212) [29: Band 1; p.371; Doc.# 438]
< Constance of Aragon (+1222), Regent of Sicily for her son Henry (+1242); ~ 1209 Frederick (+1250), King of Sicily 1198; Emperor (Frederick II) >
Constancia divina favente dementia regina Sicilie, ducatus Apulie et principatus Capue,
una cum carissimo filio suo Henrico rege Sicilie

(Jan 1215) [29: Band 1; p.372-373; Doc.# 439]
Constantia dei gratia Romanorum regina semper augusta et regina Sicilie,
una cum carissimo filio suo Henrico illustri rege Sicilie, ducatus Apulie et principatus Capue

(June 1216) [29: Band 1; p.376; Doc.# 443]
Constancia divina favente clemencia Romanorum regina semper augusta et regina Sicilie,
una cum karissimo filio suo Henrico illustri rege Sicilie, ducatus Apulie et principatus Capue






--- 1220-1225 ( Frederick [ II as Emperor ] )

Note. In 1220, King Frederick was crowned Emperor of the Romans.

King of Sicily;

@ Samples:

(Mar 1223) [14: vol.1; p.168]
< Frederick (+1250), King of Sicily 1198; King of the Romans 1212; Emperor (Frederick II) 1220 >
Fredericus divina favente clementia Romanorum Imperator semper augustus et
Rex Sicilie

@ Samples [Auxiliary]:

(1220) [29: Band 1; p.378; Doc.# 445]
< Henry (+1242), Co-King of Sicily; Co-King of the Romans (Henry "VII") 1220; a son of Emperor Frederick II >
Heinricus dei gratia Romanorum rex et semper augustus

(July 1225) [29: Band 1; p.386; Doc.# 452]
Heinricus septimus dei gracia Romanorum rex et semper augustus






--- 1225-1250

King of Jerusalem, Sicily;

@ Added:

- [1225] Jerusalem
Emperor Frederick II became King of Jerusalem when he married Yolande / Isabella of Brienne (+1228), Queen of Jerusalem (1225).

@ Samples:

(Sep 1226) [29: Band 2; p.19; Doc.# 19]
< Frederick (+1250), King of Sicily 1198; King of the Romans 1212; Emperor (Frederick II) 1220 >
Fridericus secundus divina favente clementia Romanorum imperator semper augustus,
Jerusalem et Sicilie rex

(June 1238) [29: Band 1; p.311; Doc.# 350]
Fridericus dei gratia Romanorum imperator semper augustus,
Ierusalem et Sicilie rex

(Feb 1250, n.s.) [29: Band 1; p.364; Doc.# 424]
Fridericus secundus divina favente clemencia Romanorum imperator semper augustus,
Ierusalem et Sicilie rex

@ Samples [Auxiliary]:

(Mar 1238) [29: Band 1; p.400; Doc.# 476]
< Conrad (+1254), King of Sicily (Conrad I) & Jerusalem 1250; Co-King (King 1250) of the Romans (Conrad IV) 1237 >
Conradus divi augusti imperatoris Friderici filius,
dei gratia Romanorum in regem electus semper augustus et
heres regni Ierusalemitani

(Dec 1249) [29: Band 1; p.404-405; Doc.# 484]
Conradus divi augustissimi imperatoris Friderici filius,
dei gratia Romanorum in regem electus semper augustus,
heres regni Ierusalem






--- 1250-1254 ( Conrad I )

Note. In 1250, Conrad succeeded his father Emperor Frederick II.

King of Jerusalem, Sicily;

@ Samples:

(Apr 1251) [29: Band 1; p.405; Doc.# 485]
< Conrad (+1254), King of Sicily (Conrad I) & Jerusalem 1250; Co-King (King 1250) of the Romans (Conrad IV) 1237 >
Conradus dei gracia Romanorum in regem electus semper augustus, Ierusalem et Sicilie rex

(Apr 1253) [103: p.294; Doc.# 349]
Cunradus dei gratia in Romanorum regem electus, semper augustus, Ierusalem et Sicilie rex






--- 1254-1258 ( Conrad II )

King of Jerusalem, Sicily;
Duke of Swabia;

@ Replaced:

- [1254] the Romans with Swabia
Conrad II, Duke of Swabia, succeeded his father, Conrad I, in Sicily (1254).

@ Samples:

(Apr 1258) [29: Band 1; p.421; Doc.# 508]
< Conrad II / "Conradin" (+1268), Duke of Swabia; King of Sicily [1254-1258] >
Conradus dei gratia Ierusalem et Sicilie rex,
dux Swevie

@ Samples [Governors]:

(Sep 1257) [29: Band 1; p.412-413; Doc.# 495]
< Manfred (+1266), Prince of Taranto; Regent of Sicily 1254; King of Sicily 1258 >
Manfredus divi augusti imperatoris Friderici filius,
dei gratia princeps Tarentinus,
honoris Montis sancti Angeli dominus, et
illustris regis Conradi secundi in regno Sicilie balius generalis

(June 1258) [21: vol.7; p.498; Doc. # 352]
Manfredus Diui Augusti Imperatoris Frederici filius,
Dei gracia Princeps Tarentinus,
Montis Sancti Angeli Dominus, et
Illustris Regis Conradi Secundi in Regno Sicilie Balius Generalis






--- 1258-1266 ( Manfred )

King of Sicily;

@ Removed:

- [1258] Jerusalem, Swabia
Regent Manfred declared himself King of Sicily referring to the false rumors about King Conrad II's death (1258).

@ Samples:

(Oct 1258) [29: Band 1; p.414; Doc.# 497]
< Manfred (+1266), Prince of Taranto; Regent of Sicily 1254; King of Sicily 1258 >
Manfredus dei gratia rex Sicilie

(July 1260) [29: Band 1; p.416; Doc.# 501]
Manfredus dei gratia rex Sicilie

(Apr 1264) [14: vol.6; p.175]
Manfridus dei gratia Rex Sicilie

(June 1265) [29: Band 1; p.419; Doc.# 506]
Manfredus dei gratia rex Sicilie






--- 1266-1277 ( Charles I )

King of Sicily, the Duchy of Apulia, the Principality of Capua;
Count of Anjou, Provence, Forcalquier;

@ Added:

- [1266] Apulia, Calabria, Anjou, Provence, Forcalquier
Charles of France, Count of Anjou, Provence, Forcalquier conquered the Kingdom of Sicily (1266).

@ Samples:

(May 1267) [42: tome 1; p.455; Doc.# XXIII]
< Charles I (+1285), Count of Anjou; King of Sicily [1266-1282], of Naples 1266; ~(1) 1246 Beatrice (+1267), Countess of Provence; ~(2) 1268, Margaret (+1308), Countess of Tonnerre >
Nos Karolus, Dei gratiâ rex Siciliæ, ducatus Apuliæ et principatus Capuæ,
Andegaviæ, Provinciæ, et Forchalquerii comes

(Dec 1268) [7: vol.1, p.45]
Karolus, Dei gratia, Rex Sicilie, ducatus Apulie et principatus Capue,
alme Urbis Senator,
Andegavie, Provincie et Forchalqueri comes, ac
Romani Imperij in Tuscia per sanctam Romanam Ecclesiam Vicarius generalis

(June 1273) [7: vol.1, p.301]
Karolus, Dei gratia Rex Sicilie, ducatus Apulie et principatus Capue,
alme Urbis senator,
Andegauie Provincie et Forchalquerii comes,
Romani imperii in Tuscia per sanctam Romanam Ecclesiam Vicarius generalis

@ Samples [Auxiliary]:

(Nov 1274) [42: tome 2; p.323; Doc.# II]
< Charles II (+1309), Prince of Salerno; King of Naples 1285 >
Nos Carolus primogenitus excellentissimi principis Caroli illustris regis Siciliæ,
princeps Salerni ac
honoris Montis S. Angeli dominus






--- 1277-1282 ( Charles I )

King of Jerusalem, Sicily, the Duchy of Apulia, the Principality of Capua;
Prince of Achaea;
Count of Anjou, Provence, Forcalquier, Tonnerre;

@ Added:

- [1277] Jerusalem
Marie of Antioch, who claimed the Crown of Jerusalem, ceded her rights to Charles I, King of Sicily (1277).

- Tonnerre
Margaret I of Burgundy (+1308), the second wife of King Charles I, received the County of Tonnerre as a part of the inheritance of her mother Mathilde/Mahaut of Dampierre, Countess of Nevers.

- Achaea
According to the agreement made in 1267, King Charles I inherited the Principality of Achaea after the death of Prince William of Villehardouin who left no sons (1278).

@ Samples:

(Nov 1277) [2: p.37]
< Charles I (+1285), Count of Anjou; King of Sicily [1266-1282], of Naples 1266; ~(1) 1246 Beatrice (+1267), Countess of Provence; ~(2) 1268, Margaret (+1308), Countess of Tonnerre >
Challes, par la grace de Dieu roys de Jerusalem et de Secile, dou duchée de Puille, de la princée de Capes,
de Seinte Cité senateur,
d'Ango, de Provance, de Foulquaquier et de Tonnairre conte, et
dou Romayn Ampire an Tousquane par la Seint Eglise vicaire general


@ Samples [Auxiliary]:

(1279) [33: volume 1; p.566]
< Charles II (+1309), Prince of Salerno; King of Naples 1285 >
Charles ainne fiuz le Roi de Jerusal’ & de Sezile,
prince de Salerne, &
seigneur de l’oneur du Mont Seint Ange






--- 1282-1285 ( Peter I [ III as King of Aragon ] )

King of Aragon, Sicily;

@ Replaced:

- [1282] Jerusalem, Apulia, Capua, Achaea, Anjou, Provence, Forcalquier, Tonnerre with Aragon
The Sicilians expelled the administration of King Charles I, and elected King Peter III of Aragon as King of Sicily (1282).

@ Samples:

(Sep 1282) [32: volume II; p.1; Doc.# I]
< Peter (+1285), King of Aragon (Peter III) 1276, of Sicily 1282 >
Petrus dei gracia Aragonum et Sicilie Rex

(Nov 1282) [32: volume II; p.126; Doc.# CXXXV]
Petrus dei gracia Aragonum et Sicilie Rex

(May 1283) [32: vol.2; p.CC; Doc.# XII]
Petrus dei gracia Aragonum et sicilie rex

(June 1283) [32: volume II; p.KK; Doc.# XVII]
P. per la gracia de Dieus de Aragon et de Sezilia Rey






--- 1285-1291 ( James [ II as King of Aragon ] )

King of Sicily, of the Duchy of Apulia, of the Principality of Capua;

@ Removed:

- [1285] Aragon
After the death of King Peter the union of Aragon and Sicily ended: Aragon passed to Peter's eldest son Alphonse III and Sicily to his second son James (1285).

@ Added:

- Apulia, Capua

@ Samples:

(Feb 1286, n.s.) [53: p.65; Doc.# XV]
< James (+1327) King of Aragon [1291-1327], of Sicily [1285-1296] >
Jacobus, Dei gratia Rex Sicilie, ducatus Apulie principatus Capue

(July 1288) [1: p.54-55; Doc.# 15]
Iacobus, Dei gratia rex Sicilie, ducatus Apulie et principatus Capue

(1290) [46: vol.1 (anni 1282-1290); p.496]
Iacobus dei gracia rex Sicilie, ducatus Apulie et principatus Capue






--- 1291-1295 ( James [ II as King of Aragon ] )

@ Samples [Governors]:

(Apr 1294) [28: Appendice; p.159-160]
< Frederick "III" of Aragon (+1337), Regent of Sicily; King of Sicily 1296 >
Fredericus infans illustris regis Aragonum et Sicilie
domini fratris sui in regno Sicilie generaliter locum tenens






--- 1296-1305 ( Frederick "III" )

King of Sicily, of the Duchy of Apulia, of the Principality of Capua;

@ Removed:

- [1295] Aragon, ...
King James II of Aragon, by a peace treaty with agreed to give up Sicily to Charles II of Anjou, but the Sicilians instead installed his brother Frederick on the Throne of Sicily (1295).

@ Samples:

(Apr 1296) [1: p.54; Doc.# 15]
< Frederick "III" of Aragon (+1337), Regent of Sicily; King of Sicily 1296 >
Fridericus tercius Dei gratia rex Sicilie ducatus Apulie et principatus Capue

(July 1305) [52: p.245; Doc.# XI]
Fridericus tercius Dei gratia rex Sicilie, ducatus Apulie et principatus Capue






--- 1305-1314 ( Frederick "III" )

@ Removed:

- Sicilia, Apulia, Capua

@ Samples:

(Feb 1306) [52: p.250; Doc.# XII]
< Frederick "III" of Aragon (+1337), Regent of Sicily; King of Sicily 1296 >
Fridericus tercius Dei gratia rex

(Feb 1310) [53: p.50; Doc.# II]
Fridericus tercius Dei gratia rex

(July 1312) [52: p.251; Doc.# XIII]
Fridericus tercius Dei gratia rex

(July 1314) [52: p.255; Doc.# XIV]
Fridericus tercius Dei gratia rex






--- 1314-1355

King of Sicily;

@ Samples:

(Aug 1314) [31: p.XIX; Doc.# XI]
< Frederick "III" of Aragon (+1337), Regent of Sicily; King of Sicily 1296 >
Fridericus, Dei gratia, Rex Siciliae

(Jan 1326) [52: p.257; Doc.# XVI]
Fridericus, Dei gratia, rex Sicilie

(Nov 1338) [52: p.263; Doc.# XIX]
< Peter II (+1342), King of Sicily 1337 >
Petrus secundus Dei gratia rex Sicilie

(Oct 1342) [52: p.265; Doc.# XXI]
< Louis (+1355), King of Sicily 1342 >
Ludovicus Dei gratia Rex Sicilie

@ Samples [Governors]:

(Aug 1317) [31: p.XXVIII; Doc.# XV]
< Peter II (+1342), King of Sicily 1337 >
Petrus Infans serenissimj dominj dominj Regis Fridericj, dei gratia, Excellentissimj Regis Sicilie primogenitus, ac
eius in eodem vicarius generalis






--- 1355-1409

King of Sicily;
Duke of Athens, Neopatria;

@ Added:

- [1355] Athens, Neopatria
Frederick "the Simple" (+1377), Margrave of Randazzo, who had succeeded his first cousin Frederick I in Athens and Neopatria in July 1355, inherited the Crown of Sicily after the death of his brother Louis (August 1355).

Notes:
1. In 1311, Walter (Gauthier) of Brienne, Duke of Athens, was killed in the battle with the Catalan Company that took Athens and the rest of his Duchy. Then the Catalan Company recognized the suzerainty of the Kings of Sicily who appointed Vicars-Generals. In 1317 Alphonse-Frederick (+1338), the illegitimate son of King Frederick of Sicily, became the first Vicar-General of the Catalan Company.
2. Rainer (Nerio) Acciajuoli, a Florentine banker, who had held Corinth as security for a loan since the 1360s, took Athens fom the Catalans in 1385, and Neopatia (Neopatras) in 1390.

@ Samples:

(June 1366) [99: p.348; Doc.# CCLXVI]
< Frederick "the Simple" (+1377), King of Sicily 1355; Duke of Athens & Neopatria 1355 >
Fridericus Dei gracia rex Sicilie ac
Athenarum et Neopatrie dux

(Mar 1374) [56: serie II; vol.II; fasc. I; p.136; Doc.# VII]
Fridericus Dei gracia Rex Sicilie ac
Athenarum ac Neopatrie Dux

(1392) [53: p.91; Doc.# II]
< Mary (+1401), Queen of Sicily 1377; with her husband (since 1389/1392) Martin "the Junior" (+1409), with her father-in-law Martin "the Elder"(+1410), Duke of Montblanc; King of Aragon 1395, of Sicily 1409 >
Nos Martinus et Maria dei gratia Rex et Regina Sicilie ac
Ducatuum Athenarum et Neopatriae Dux et ducissa et
infans Martinus illustrissimi Domini Petri bonae memoriae Regis Aragonum filius et
dei gratia Dux Montis albi,
gubernator generalis pro serenissimo domino Ioanne Rege Aragonum fratre et domino nostro carissimo in omnibus regnis et terris suis
coadiutorque dictae Reginae in regimine regni et Ducatuum praedictorum ac
pater et legitimus administrator praedicti Regis

(Apr 1393) [4: Documents; V (Deux-Siciles); p.163; Doc.# XII]
Nos, D.Martin, e duenya Marya, per la gracia di Dios, roy e reyna de Ssicilia, e
de los ducados de Athenes e de Neopatria duque e duquessa, e
nos infante don Martin, del mult alto D.Pedro, de buena memoria, roy d'Aragon fillo, e
per la gracia di Dios duque de Monblanc,
conte de Luna e
senyor del marquesado e de la ciutat de Sagorbe,
governador general per lo mult alt senior D. Jean, rey d'Aragon, ermano e senyor nostro muyt car, en tut sus regnos e terras,
coadjutor de la dicha reyna en lo regimento del regno e ducados sopredichos, e
padre e legitimo administrador del dicho rey

(Jan 1399, n.s.) [56: serie II; vol.II; fasc. I; p.147; Doc.# IX]
Martinus Dei gracia Rex Aragonum et
Martinus eadem gracia Rex Sicilie, ac
Athenarum et Neopatrie Ducatuum Dux, et
eiusdem Regis et Regni Aragonum Primogenitos et Gubernator generalis, et
Maria eadem gracia dicti Regni Sicilie et Ducatuum predictorum Regina et Ducissa

(Jan 1407, n.s.) [56: serie II; vol.II; fasc. I; p.151; Doc.# XI]
< Martin "the Junior" (+1409), with his father Martin "the Elder"(+1410), Duke of Montblanc; King of Aragon 1395, of Sicily 1409 >
Martinus Dei grada Rex Aragonum et
Martinus eadem gracia Rex Sicilie ac
Ducatuum Athenarurn et Neopatrie Dux et
eiusdem Regis et Regni Aragonura Primogenitus et
Gubernator generalis et in dicti Regni Sicilie et Ducatuum eorumdem regimine et solio consedentes, con regentes, et conregnantes

@ Samples [Auxiliary]:

(Feb 1355) [82: p.174; Doc. # XXXIII]
< Frederick "the Simple" (+1377), King of Sicily 1355; Duke of Athens & Neopatria 1355 >
Fridericus infans Dei gracia legitimus regni Sicilie dominus ac
Athenarum et Neopatrie dux






--- 1409-1435

King of Aragon, Sicily, Valencia, Majorca, Sardinia, Corsica;
Count of Barcelona;
Duke of Athens, Neopatria;
Count of Roussillon, Cerdagne;

@ Added:

- [1409] Aragon, Valencia, Majorca, Sardinia, Corsica, Barcelona, Roussillon, Cerdagne
King Martin of Aragon (+1410) inherited Sicily after the death of his son Martin "the Younger" (1409).
Notes: Martin "the Younger" succeeded his wife, Queen Mary, in Sicily.

@ Samples:

(Mar 1410, n.s.) [56: serie II; vol.II; fasc. I; p.159; Doc.# XIII]
< Martin "the Elder"(+1410), Duke of Montblanc; King of Aragon 1395, of Sicily 1409 >
Martinus Dei gracia Rex Aragonum, Sicilie, Valencie, Maioricarum, Sardinie, Corsice, et
Comes Barchinone,
Dux Athenarum et Neopatrie, ac eciam
Comes [Rossillionis et Ceritanie].

(Mar 1434) [56: serie II; vol.II; fasc. I; p.173; Doc.# XV]
< Alphonse (+1458), King Aragon (Alphonse V) & Sicily 1416, of Naples 1435 >
Alfonsus Dei gracia Rex Aragonum et Sicilie, Valencie, Maioricarum, Sardinia et Corsice,
Comes Barchinone,
Dux Athenarum et Neopatrie ac eciam
Comes Rossilionis et Ceritanie






--- 1435-1458 ( Alphons [ as V in Aragon ] )

King of Aragon, Sicily on this side & beyond of the lighthouse, Jerusalem, Hungary, Valencia, Majorca, Sardinia, Corsica;
Count of Barcelona;
Duke of Athens, Neopatria;
Count of Roussillon, Cerdagne;

@ Replaced:

- [1435] Sicily with "Sicily on this side & beyond of the lighthouse", Jerusalem, Hungary
Alphonse V advanced claims to the Kingdom of Naples after the death of Queen Joan II (1435).

@ Samples:

(Dec 1438) [76: année XX (1859); série IV; tome V; p.233; Doc.# VI] < for Sicily >
< Alphonse (+1458), King Aragon (Alphonse V) & Sicily 1416, of Naples 1435 >
D. Alfonso, per la gratia di Deu, re d'Aragona, di Sicilia dieza e dilla di lu Faru, di Valentia, di Hungaria, di Hierusalem, di Majorca, di Sardigna e Corciga,
conti di Barsilona,
ducha d' Athenas e di Neopatria, et ancora
conti di Rosilio, ni e di Ceritania

(Mar 1451) [67: serie III; volume 1; p.164; Doc.# V] < for Sicily >
Nos Alphonsus Dei gratia Rex Aragonum Siciliae citra et ultra farum Valencie Hierusalem, Hungarie, Maioricarum, Sardinie et Corsice
comes Barchinone
Dux Athenarum et Neopatrie ac etiam
Comes Rossilionis et Ceritanie






--- 1458-1556 see Aragon

@ Samples:

(June 1492) [71: volume III; parte 1; p.19; Doc.# DCCCLXXXIII] < for Sicily >
< Ferdinand II "the Catholic" (+1516), King of Sicily 1468, of Aragon 1479, of Naples 1504; ~1474 Isabella (+1504), Queen of Castile >
Nui don fernando per la gracia di Deu Re di Castella di aragona di liuni di sicilia di granata di toledo di valencia di galicia di mayorca di siviglia di sardigna di cordua di corsica di jaen di li algalbi di algazire di gibilterra et di lisoli di canaria
conte di barsalona
signuri di biscaya et di molina
duca di athenas et de neopatria conti di rossiliuni di ceritania
marchisi de ristagno et di goziano

(Mar 1534) [100: tomus II (1743); p.95] < for Sicily >
< Joan "the Mad" (+1555), Queen of Castile 1504, of Aragon, Sicily 1516, of Naples (Joan III) [1516-1554]; with her son & co-ruler (since 1516) Charles (+1558), the Roman Emperor (Charles V) 1519, King of Spain (Charles I) [1516-1556], of Naples [1515-1554] >
Nos Carolus, Divina favente clementia Romanorum Imperator semper Augustus,
Rex Germaniæ;
Joanna ejus mater, & idem Carolus, Dei gratia Reges Castellæ, Aragonum, utriusque Siciliæ, Hjerusalem, Ungariæ, Dalmatiæ, Croatiaæ, Legionis, Navarræ, Granatæ, Toleti, Valentiæ, Majoricarum, Hispalis, Sardiniæ, Cordubæ, Corsicæ, Mursiæ, Giennis, Algarbii, Algericæ, Gibraltaris, Insularum Canariæ, nee non Insularum Indiarum, & Terræ flrmæ, Maris Oceani,
Archiduces Austriæ,
Duces Burgundiæ, & Brabantiæ, &c.
Comites Barchinonæ, Flandriæ, & Tiroli,
Domini Biscajæ, & Molinæ,
Duces Athenarum, & Neopatriæ,
Comites Rosiilionis, & Ceritaniæ,
Marchiones Oristanni, & Gociani

(Dec 1555) [116: tomus II (1743); p.220]
Nos Carolus Divina favente clementia Romanorum Imperator semper Augustus,
Rex Germaniæ, Castellæ, Aragonum, utriusque Siciliæ, Hierusalem, Ungariæ, Dalmatiæ, Croatiæ, Legionis, Navarræ, Granatæ, Toleti, Valentiæ, Galliciæ, Majoricarum, Hispalis, Sardiniæ, Cordubæ, Corsicæ, Mursiæ, Giennis, Algarbii, Algeziræ, Gibraltaris, Insularum Canariæ, nec non Insularum Jndiarum & Terra firmæ maris Oceani,
Archidux Austriæ,
Dux Burgundiæ et Brabantiæ,
Comes Barchinonæ, Flandriæ et Tiroli,
Dominus Biscaya et Molina,
Dux Athenarum et Neopatriæ,
Comes Rossilionis er Ceritaniæ,
Marchio Oristanni et Gociani






>>> --- 1468-1474 ( Ferdinand "the Catholic" as Co-King )

Notes:
1. In 1468, John (+1479), King of Aragon and Sicily, made his son Ferdinand (+1516) his co-ruler in Sicily.

King of Sicily;
Prince of Girona;
Duke of Montblanch;
Count of Ribagorze;
Lord of the City of Balaguer;

@ Samples [Auxiliary]:

(Jan 1469) [44: part 6; Doc.# 247]
< Ferdinand (+1516), King of Sicily 1468, of Aragon 1479, of Naples 1504; ~1474 Isabella (+1504), Queen of Castile >
Nosotros, don Fernando, por la gracia de Dios, Rey de Sicilia,
con el serenísimo Rey padre nuestro, muy honrado en el dicho reino de Sicilia, coregientes y coregnantes, y
en todos sus reinos y tierras primogénito,
gobernador general,
príncipe de Girona,
duque de Montblanc,
conde de Ribagorza,
señor de la ciudad de Balaguer






>>> --- 1474-1479 ( Ferdinand "the Catholic" as Co-King )

King of Castile, Leon, Sicily, Toledo, Portugal, Galicia, Sevilla, Cordova, Murcia, Jaen, the Algarves, Algeciras, Gibraltar;
Prince of Girona;
Lord of Biscay, Molina;
Duke of Montblanch;
Lord of the City of Balaguer;

@ Samples [Auxiliary]:

(Sep 1476) [45: p.464; Doc.# 166]
< Ferdinand (+1516), King of Sicily 1468, of Aragon 1479, of Naples 1504; ~1474 Isabella (+1504), Queen of Castile >
Don Ferrando, per la gràcia de Déu rey de Castella, de Leó, de Sicília, de Portogal, de Toledo, de Galicia, de Sevilia, de Cordova, de Murcia, de Jaen, del Algarve, de Aliezira, de Gibraltar,
primogenito e governador general de los reynos d'Aragón,
príncipe de Girona, e
senyor de Vizcaya e de Molina,
duque de Muntblanch e
senyor de la ciutat de Balaguer






--- 1556-1558 ( Philip [ as II in Spain ] )

King of Castile, Aragon, Leon, both Sicilies, Jerusalem, England, France, Ireland, Hungary, Dalmatia, Croatia, Navarra, Granada, Toledo, Valencia, Galicia, Majorca, Sevilla, Sardinia, Cordova, Corsica, Murcia, Jaen, the Algarves, Algeciras, Gibraltar, the Islands of Canary, the Islands of Indias, Mainland of the Ocean sea;
Archduke of Austria;
Duke of Burgundy, Brabant, Milan;
Count of Barcelona, Flanders, Tyrol;
Lord of Biscay, Molina;
Duke of Athens, Neopatria;
Count of Roussillon, Cerdagne;
Margrave of Oristano, Goceano;

@ Replaced:

- [1556] England, France, Ireland, Milan
Philip, King of Naples and husband of Queen Mary I of England, became King of Spain and Sicily after of the abdication of his father Charles (1556).

@ Samples:

(Jan 1566) [119: tomo I; p.287-288]
< Philip (+1598), King of Naples 1554, of Castile (Philip II) & Aragon 1556, of Portugal 1581; ~ (2) 1554 Mary I (+1558), Queen of England >
Nos Philippus Dei gratia Rex Castellæ, Aragonum, utriusque Siciliæ, Hierusalem, Angliæ, Franciæ, Hiberniæ, Hungariæ, Dalmatiæ, Croatiæ, Legionis, Navarræ, Granatæ, Toleti, Valenciæ, Galiciæ, Majoricarum, Hispalis, Sardiniæ, Cordubæ, Corsicæ, Murciæ, Giennis, Algarbij, Algeziræ, Gibraltaris, Insularum Canariæ nec non Insularum, Indiarum & Terræ, firmæ Maris Oceani,
Archidux Austriæ,
Dux Burgundiæ, Brabanciæ, & Mediolani,
Comes Barchinoniæ, Flandriæ & Tiroli,
Dñus Viscajæ & Molinæ,
Dux Athenarum & Neopatriæ,
Comes Rossilionis & Ceritaniæ,
Marchio Oristanni & Gociani






--- 1558-1711 see Naples

@ Samples:

(July 1579) [58: p.308-309; Doc.# XVIII] < for Sicily >
< Philip (+1598), King of Naples 1554, of Spain (Philip II) & Sicily 1556 >
Nos Philippus Dei Gratia Rex Castellae, Aragonum, Legionis, Utriusque Siciliae, Hierusalem, Ungariae, Dalmatiae, Croatiae, Maioricarum, Hispalis, Sardiniae, Cordubae, Corsicae, Murziae, Giennis, Algarbiorum, Algezirae, Gibaltaris, Insularum Canariae, nec non Insularum Indiarum terrae firmae, maris oceani,
Archidux Austriae,
Dux Burgundiae, Barbantiae et Mediolani,
Comes Barcinoniae, Flandriae, et Tiroli,
Dominus Viscaiae, et Molinae,
Dux Athenarum, et Neopatriae,
Comes Rossolionis et Ceritanae,
Marchio Oristani, et Gotiani etc.

(Apr 1622) [56: serie IV; vol.I; p.281-282; Doc.# IV]
< Philip (+1621), King of Spain (Philip III), Naples, Sicily 1598 >
Nos Philippus Dei gratia Rex Castelle, Aragonum, Legionis, utriusque Siciliae, Hierusalem, Portugallie, Ungarie, Dalmatie, Croatie, Navarre, Granate, Toleti, Galletie, Mayoricarum, Hispalis, Sardinie, Cordube, Corsice, Murtie, Giennis, Algarbii, Algezire, Gibraltharis, Insulanim Canarie, nee non Indiarum orientalium et occidentalium, Insularum ac terre firme maris Oceani,
Archidux Austrie,
Dux Burgundie, Brabantie, Mediolani, Athenarum et Neopatrie,
Comes Abspurgii, Flandrie, Tyrolis, Barchinone, Rossilionis, et Ceritanie,
Marchio Oristani et Goceani etc.

(Dec 1651) [56: serie II; vol.II; fasc. II; p.359; Doc.# XXXI]
< Philip (+1665), King of Spain (Philip IV), Naples & Sicily 1621 >
Philippus Dei gratia Rex Castellae, Aragonum, Legionis, utriusque Siciliae, Hyerusalem, Portugalliae, Hungariae, Dalmatiae, Croatiae. Navarrae, Granatae, Toleti, Valentiae, Galletiae, Maioricarum, Hispalis, Sardiniae, Cordubae. Corsicae, Murtiae, Giennis, Algarbii, Algezirae, Gibraltaris, Insularuin Canariae, nec non Indiarum Orientalium, et Occidentalium, Insularum ac Terrae firmae Maris Oceani;
Archidux Austriae,
Dux Burgundiae, Brabantiae, Mediolani, Athenarum et Neopatriae;
Comes Abspurgii, Flandriae, Tirolis, Barcinonis, Rossilionis et Ceritaniae,
Marchio Oristani et Goceani






--- 1713-1718 ( Victor-Amadeus [ II as Duke of Savoy ] )

Notes:
In 1713, the Treaty of Utrecht assigned Sicily to the Duke of Savoy, who travelled with a British squadron to Palermo to take personal possession of the Kingdom, as the Spanish Viceroy of Sicily evacuated his troops.


King of Sicily, Jerusalem, Cyprus;
Duke of Savoy, Montferrat, Aoste, Chablais, Genevois;
Prince of Piedmont, Oneglia;
Margrave in Italy, of Saluzzo, Susa, Ivrea, Ceva, the Maro;
Count of Maurienne, Genève, Nice, Tenda, Romonte, Asti, Alessandria;
Baron of Vaud, Faucigny;
Lord of Vercelli, Pinerolo, Tarentaise, the Lomellina, the Valley of Sesia;

@ Samples:

(Nov 1713) [82: p.619; Doc. # I]
< Victor-Amadeus (+1732), King of Sicily [1713-1720], of Sardinia 1720; Duke of Savoy (Victor-Amadeus II) [1675-1730] >
Vittorio Amedeo per grazia di Dio Re di Sicilia, di Gerusalemme e di Cipro etc.;
Duca di Savoia, Monferrato, Aosta, Ciablese e Genevese;
Principe di Piemonte ed Oneglia; e
Marchese in Italia di Saluzzo, Susa, Ivrea, Ceva e del Maro;
Conte di Mauriana, Geneva, Nizza, Tenda, Romont, Asti, Alessandria;
Barone di Vaud e Faucignì;
Signore di Vercelli, Tarantasia, Lumellina e Val di Sesia; e
Vicario perpetuo del Sacro Romano Imperio in Italia etc.

(Dec 1713) [81: serie I; volume XI / XVI (1873); p.43]
Vittorio Amedeo, per grazia di Dio, re di Sicilia, di Gerusalemme e di Cipro ec.,
duca di Savoja, Monferrato, Aosta, Ciablese e Genevese,
prencipe di Piemonte, d'Oneglia,
marchese in Italia di Saluzzo, Susa, Ivrea, Ceva e del Maro,
conte di Mauritana, Geneva, Nizza, Tenda, Romont, Asti, Alessandria,
barone di Vaud e Faucignì,
signor di Vercelli, Tarantasia, Lumellina e Val di Sesia, e
vicario perpetuo del Sacro Romano Imperio in Italia ec.

(June 1714) [81: serie I; volume XI / XVI (1873); p.78]
Vittorio Amedeo, per grazia di Dio, re di Sicilia, di Gerusalemme e di Cipro,
duca di Savoja e Monferrato, Aosta, Ciablese e Genevese,
principe di Piemonte ed Oneglia,
marchese in Italia, di Saluzzo, Susa, Ivrea, Ceva e del Maro,
conte di Mauritana, Geneva, Nizza, Tenda, Romont, Asti e Alessandria,
barone di Vaud e Faucignì,
signor di Vercelli, Pinerolo, Tarantasia, Lumellina e Val di Sesia,
principe del Sacro Romano Impero e vicario perpetuo in Italia






--- 1718-1719 ( the Spanish rule )






--- 1719-1720 ( the Austrian occupation )






--- 1720-1806 see Naples

@ Samples:

(Dec 1747) [81: serie I; volume XII / XVII (1874); p.118] < for Sicily >
< Charles (+1788), Duke of Parma [1731-1735], King of Naples & Sicily [1734-1759], King of Spain (Charles III) [1759-1788] >
Carolus, Dei gratia rex utriusque Siciliae, Hierusalem etc,
infans Hispaniarum,
dux Parmae, Placentiae et Castri etc.,
magnus haereditarius Etruriae princeps, etc.

(Aug 1782) [81: serie I; volume XVII / XXVII (1880); p.348] < for Sicily >
Ferdinandus, Dei gratia, rex utriusque Siciliae, Hierusalem, etc.,
infans Hispaniarum,
dux Parmae, Placentiae, Castri ete,
magnus haereditarius Etruriae princeps etc.

(Jan 1783) [113: p.200]
< Ferdinand (+1825), King of Naples (Ferdinand IV) [1759-1806; 1815-], of Sicily (Ferdinand III) 1759, of both Sicilies (Ferdinand I) 1816 >
Ferdinandus, Dei gratia, Rex Vtriusque Siciliae, Hierusalem &c.
Infans Hispaniarum,
Dux Parmae, Placentiae, Castri &c,
Magnus Haereditarius Etruriae Princeps &c.






--- 1806-1812

King of both Sicilies, Jerusalem;
Duke of Parma, Piacenza, Castro;

@ Samples:

(Dec 1809) [114: p.23]
< Ferdinand (+1825), King of Naples (Ferdinand IV) [1759-1806; 1815-], of Sicily (Ferdinand III) 1759, of both Sicilies (Ferdinand I) 1816 >
Ferdinando III per grazia di Dio Re delle Due Sicilie, e di Gerusalemme, ec.
Infante di Spagna,
Duca di Parma, Piacenza, Castro, ec.,
Gran Principe Ereditario di Toscana ec. ec.






--- 1812-1815

King of the Kingdom of both Sicilies, Jerusalem;
Duke of Parma, Piacenza, Castro;

@ Samples:

(1812) [79: volume II; p.222] [59: parte 1a; p.55] [115: p.1]
< Costituzione del regno di Sicilia >
< Ferdinand (+1825), King of Naples (Ferdinand IV) [1759-1806; 1815-], of Sicily (Ferdinand III) 1759, of both Sicilies (Ferdinand I) 1816 >
Ferdinando III per grazia di Dio Re del Regno delle Due Sicilie, di Gerusalemme, etc.
Infante delle Spagna,
Duca di Parma, Piacenza, Castro, ec., ec.
Gran Principe Ereditario di Toscana ec. ec. ec.