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Main Page: Titles of European hereditary rulers


Last updated: May 14, 2021


Rekem / Reckheim



Overview.

In the 14th century, the Lordship of Rekem passed to the Lords of Diepenbeek from the Stein family [5: tome X (1873); p.27].

In 1397-1504, the Lordship of Rekem belonged to the Lords of Kerpen from the Sombreffe family [5: tome X (1873); p.31-40].

In 1504-ca.1512, the Lordship of Rekem belonged to the Lords of Pirmont [5: tome X (1873); p.40].

Ca.1512-1544, Rekem belonged to the Lords of Arenberg [5: tome X (1873); p.40-42].

In 1545, the Emperor of the Romans granted the Lordship of Rekem to John of Hennin [5: tome X (1873); p.42].

John of Hennin sold the Lordship of Rekem to William of Vlodrop [5: tome X (1873); p.44].

In the 1560s, the Lordship of Rekem passed to the Quadt-Wickrath family [5: tome X (1873); p.46].

In 1590, the Lordship of Rekem passed to the Lienden family [5: tome X (1873); p.47] (later this branch of the family became known as Aspremont-Lynden).

In 1620, the Emperor of the Romans elevated Rekem to the status of County [10: p.180; Doc.# 23] (This was confirmed by an Imperial diploma in 1623 [10: p.181; Doc.# 24]).

In 1794, the French army occupied the County of Rekem.

In 1803, the Final Recess of the Imperial Deputation compensated the Aspremont-Lynden family with the secularized Abbey of Baindt.

In 1806, the Imperial immediate land of Baindt was mediatized by the Act of the Confederation of the Rhine.






Bibliography.

1. Gudenus, Valentin Ferdinand von; Buri, Friedrich Carl von; Buri, Heinrich Wilhelm Anton. Codex Diplomaticus : exhibens anecdota ab anno DCCCLXXXI ad MCCC Moguntiaca, ius Germanicum et S. R. I. historiam illustrantia / Codex Diplomaticus. Sive Anecdotorum, Res Moguntinas, Francicas, Trevirenses, Colonienses, Finitimarumque Regionum: Nec Non Ius Germanicum et S. R. I. Historiam Vel Maxime Illustrantium (Gottingen; Frankfurt; Leipzig, 1743-1768).
2. Thaly, Kálmán. II. Rákóczi Ferencz fejedelem ifjúsága 1676-1701 (Pozsony : 1881-).
3. De Maasgouw (Maastricht).
4. Fahne de Roland, Anton. Geschichte der Grafen, jetzigen Fürsten zu Salm-Reifferscheid, sowie ihrer Länder und Sitz; Codex diplomaticus Salmo-Reifferscheidanus (Köln : Heberle, 1858–1866).
5. Publications de la Société d'Archéologie dans le Duché de Limbourg / Publications de la Société Historique et Archéologique dans le Limbourg = Jaarboek van Limburgs Geschied- en Oudheidkundig Genootschap (Maastricht : 1864-).
6. Meulleners, Jan Leonard. Oude statuten en verordeningen van de Heerlijkheid Reckheim (Maastricht : 1890).
7. Thaly, Kálmán. Történelmi naplók,1663-1719 (Budapest : 1875) [Monumenta hungariae historica; Scriptores; XXVII].
8. Butkens, Christophe. Annales généalogiques de la maison de Lynden ... (Anvers : J. Cnobbart, 1626).
9. Lünig, Johann Christian. Das teutsche Reichsarchiv ... (Leipzig : F. Lanckischens Erben, 1710-1722).
10. Wolters, Mathias Joseph. Notice historique sur l'ancien comté impérial de Reckheim dans la province actuelle de Limbourg (Gand : Gyselynck, 1848).
11. De Navorscher: Een middel tot gedachtenwisseling en letterkundig verkeer (Nijmegen : 1851-).
12. Stokvis, Anthony Marinus Hendrik Johan. Manuel d'histoire, de généalogie et de chronologie de tous les états du globe, depuis les temps les plus reculés jusqu'à nos jours (Leiden : E.J. Brill, 1887-1893; 3 vols; Reprint. Amsterdam : B.M. Israël, 1966).




Geographical names.

Borša -> Borsi (in Košický kraj, Slovakia).
Ecséd (in Heves , Hungary).
Houtaing -> Houthem (in Ath, Hainaut, Région wallonne, Belgium).
Kerpen (Eifel) (in Rheinland-Pfalz, Germany).
Keresztúr (now Hostie) (in Nitriansky kraj, Slovakia).
Lednické Rovne / Lednica Rovné -> Lednitz-Rowne; Lednicróna / Lednicrovnye (in Trenciansky kraj, Slovakia).
Lienden / Lynden (in Betuwe, Buren, Gelderland, Netherlands).
Mád (in Borsod-Abaúj-Zemplén, Észak-Magyarország, Hungary).
Makovica (in Zborov, Prešovský kraj, Slovakia).
Ónod (in Borsod-Abaúj-Zemplén, Észak-Magyarország, Hungary).
Rekem -> Reckheim (in Limburg, Vlaams Gewest, Belgium).
Rijckholt -> Riêkelt (in Eijsden-Margraten, Limburg, Netherlands).
Sárospatak (in Borsod-Abaúj-Zemplén, Észak-Magyarország, Hungary).
Sombreffe (in Région wallonne, Namur, Belgium).
Szerencs (in Borsod-Abaúj-Zemplén, Észak-Magyarország, Hungary).
Thiennes -> Tienen (in Nord, Hauts-de-France, France).
Tongrenelle (in Région wallonne, Namur, Belgium).





--- the 14th century-1397

Lord of Diepenbeek, Rekem;

@ Samples:

(June 1392) [5: tome X (1873); p.79; Doc.# 7]
< Henry of Stein (+1396/7), Lord of Diepenbeek, of Rekem >
Nous Henri seigneur de Diepenbeeck et Rudekem,
voué de Liége






--- 1397-1501

Lord of Kerpen, Rekem;

@ Removed:

- Diepenbeek
After the death of Henry of Stein, Lord of Diepenbeek, Rekem passed to William of Sombreffe (+Mar 1400) [5: tome X (1873); p.31].

@ Added:

- Kerpen
Note. William I of Sombreffe (+Mar 1400), Lord of Rekem, married Margaret, daughter and heiress of John, Lord of Kerpen [5: tome X (1873); p.31].

@ Samples:

(June 1433) [5: tome XXVII / Nouvelle série; tome VII (1890); p.336; Doc.# I] [6: p.4; Doc.# I]
< William II of Sombreffe (+1475), Lord of Rekem >
Ich Wilhem van Sombreff heer tzo Kerpen end tzo Recheim

(June 1446) [1: tomus II; pars II; p.1295; Doc.# CCCXXIX]
Wir Wilhem von Sombreff Hr zu Kerpen und zu Reckhem

(July 1452) [4: Band II (1858); p.238; Doc.# 336]
Wir... Wilhm vom Sombref Herre zo Karpen ind zo Reckem

(Nov 1466) [3: deel VII; jaargang 12; No.23; 15 November 1890; p.89-91]
Wyr Frederich van Sombreef here tzo Kerpen und tzo Reckem und
Margrete van der Mercken myn elige huysfrau

@ Samples [Auxiliary]:

(Oct 1435) [1: tomus II; pars II; p.1277; Doc.# CCCXIII]
Ich Johan van Saffenberg eliche Son des Edelen Craffts van Saffenberg ind Elisabeth von Thomburg

(1441) [1: tomus II; pars II; p.1287-1288; Doc.# CCCXXIII]
Wir Craft van Saffenberg Here zu Thomburg ind zu Landskron, ind
Johan van Saffenberg syn elige Sun

(Oct 1460) [1: tomus II; pars II; p.1336; Doc.# CCCLVII]
Ich Frederich van Sombreff, elige Son des Edelen myns Lieven Junckern ind Vaders, Wilhelms van Sumbreff, Hrn zu Kerpen zc., van Yme ind wylne der Edelen Gertruidt van Saffenberg, Dochter zu Thomburg ind zu Landzkrrone mynre lieven Müder

(Nov 1461) [1: tomus II; pars II; p.1337; Doc.# CCCLVIII]
Ich Wilhelm von Sombreff, Son zu Kerpen ind zu Reckem

(Dec 1464) [3: deel VII; jaargang 12; No.22; 1 November 1890; p.88]
Wyr Wylhem van Sombreff here zu Kerpen und zu Reckem,
Friederich van Sombreff here zu Kerpen und zu Thonberg und
Gerhart van Sombreff son zu Kerpen des vors Jonker Wilhems eliche sone






--- 1501-1590

@ Samples [Auxiliary]:

(May 1494) [1: tomus II; pars II; p.1349; Doc.# CCCLXVIII]
Ich Henrich Herr zu Pirmont und zu Erenburgh und
Katherin von der Marck, Dochter zu Arburgh mine eliche Hussfraue

(June 1545) [9: Spicilegium seculare; Theil I (1719); p.880; Absatz XXXIX; Doc.# V]
fideli dilecto Joanni ab Hennin, Domino in Boussu,
Baroni in Reckeim,
Militi Ordinis nostri Aurei Veileris &
supremo sacri stabuli nostri Præfecto






--- 1590-1620

@ Replaced:

- [1590] Wickrath, .. with Houtaing, Tongrenelle, ..
Herman of Lienden exchanged his lands for Rekem with the Quadt-Wickrath family (1590).

@ Added:

- Rijckholt

- Thiennes, de Steenbeek, Blaringen, ...
Note. Ernest of Lienden, Baron of Rekhem, married, Anne-Antoinette Gouffier (+1620), daughter of Henry, Marquis of Bonnivet, who brought him as a dowry, by contract of 1609, half of the Baronies of Thiennes and Steenbeek, and the Lordships of Blaringen, Calonne sur-la-Lys and La Vieuville, which Ernest later acquired entirely, by buying the other half from his brother-in-law Charles of Créqui, Count of Bernieulles [5: tome X (1873); p.53].

@ Samples:

(Apr 1596) [5: tome XXVII / Nouvelle série; tome VII (1890); p.346; Doc.# VIII] [6: p.14; Doc.# VIII]
< Herman of Lienden / Lynden (+1708), Baron of Rekem >
Wyr Herman van Lynden, Vryebanre Heer des Heylichs Rycx tzo Recheim, Richolt,
Heere zù Houtain, Once, Tongernelles etc., < ... >
Groet meyer zù Ludich etc.,

@ Samples [Auxiliary]:

(Feb 1590) [11: jaargang 44 / Nieuwe Serie; jaargang 27 (1894); p.170; Doc.# U]
< Herman of Lienden / Lynden (+1708), Baron of Rekem >
Wir Herman von Linden Her zu Haultam, Tongernell, Kranenwick und Zoppenbroich,
Fürstl. Lüdischer Rath und Hoch-Scholthiss

(May 1620) [9: Spicilegium seculare; Theil I (1719); p.885; Absatz XXXIX; Doc.# IX]
fidelis dilectus Ernestus, liber Baro in Reckeim, Ryckliolt, Thiennes, Steenbeeck, &c.
Dominus de Houttain, Once, S.Simeon, & Calone,
Camerarius & Colonellus noster






--- 1620-1676

@ Replaced:

- Rekem (Barony) with Lienden, Rekem (County)
In 1620, the Emperor of the Romans elevated Rekem to the status of County [10: p.180; Doc.# 23] (This was confirmed by an Imperial diploma in 1623 [10: p.181; Doc.# 24]).

@ Samples [Auxiliary]:

(Mar 1623) [10: p.181; Doc.# 24] [9: Spicilegium seculare; Theil I (1719); p.886; Absatz XXXIX; Doc.# XI]
fideli dilecto Ernesto Comiti de Lynden et Reckeim,
Baroni de Thienes, Steenbeecq, Borsseim, etc.
Domino de Houttain, Once, Blaringen, et Calonne, etc.
Cubiculario, et Colonello nostro, etc.

(Nov 1630) [10: p.203; Doc.# 31]
sac Romani Imperii fidelis dilectus Ernestus Comes de Lynden et Reckeim,
Baro de Thiennes, Steenbeeck, Borschem etc.
Dominus in Houttain, Once, Blaringen et Calonne,
Cubicularius et Colonellus noster







--- 1676-1793

@ Added:

- Aspermont, Dun
Note. In 1676, Count Henry of Aspremont ceded his rights to the lands of Aspremont and Dun to Count Ferdinand-Gobert of Lienden and Reckheim [5: tome X (1873); p.70] [12: tome III; chapitre X; tableau 26].

- Keresztúr, Lednica, Ecséd, Makovica, Ónod, Szerencs
Note. Count Ferdinand-Gobert of Lienden and Reckheim married Julianne-Barbara (+1717), sister of Prince Francis II Rákóczi. Their descendants inherited some Rákóczi estates in the Kingdom of Hungary.

@ Samples:

(Sep 1694) [2: p.193]
< Ferdinand-Gobert (+1708), Count of Rekem >
Wir Ferdinand-Gobert Graff zu Aspermont, Dün, Linden und Reckheim,
Freyherr zu Borsheim, Thünes und Steinbeck, etc. < ... >

(Nov 1775) [5: tome XLIV / Nouvelle série; tome XXIV (1908); p.368; Doc.# 3]
< John-Gobert (+1805), Count of Rekem, of Baindt >
Nos Joannes Gobertus Comes ab Aspremont, Dún et Lynden,
Sacri Romani Imperii Comes regnans in Reckheim,
Liber Baro in Borsheim,
Dominus Haereditarius Dominiorum Makowicza, Saaros, Szerencs, Maad, Keresztúr, Borsij, Thúr, Lednitz, Debrö, Onod, Ecsed, &c. &c.
utriusque Regiae; Sacrae Caesareae et Apostolicae Majestatis Camerarius, et actualis intimus status Consiliarius &c. &c. &c.

@ Samples [Auxiliary]:

(Jan 1709) [7: p.188; Doc.# IV]
< Francis II Rákóczi (+1735), Prince of Transylvania [1707-1711] >
Franciscus II. Dei gratia Sacri Romani Imperij et Transylvaniae Princeps Rákóczi,
Partium Regni Hungariae Dominus,
Siculorum Comes, et
Pater Patriae,
Pro Libertate Comfoederati Regni Hungariae, necnon
Munkácsiensis, Makovicziensisque Dux,
Perpetuus Comes de Sáros,
Haereditarius Dominus in Sáros-Patak, Tokaj, Regécz, Ecsed, Somlyó, Lednicze, Szerencs, Ónod etc.