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Last updated: Mar 20, 2013



Milan



Overview.

By the 11th century, Milan, which like other Lombardy was under the formal suzerainty of the Holy Roman Empire, had developed in a city-republic. In the next centuries, Milan submitted the neighboring territories.

Since the 13th century the family of Visconti played an important role in the political life of Milan. In the beginning of the 14th century, Matthew Visconti (+1322) became a ruler of Milan, and this position became hereditary in his family.
In 1395, the Roman King Wenceslas made the ruler John-Galeazz Visconti (+1402) the first Duke of Milan.

In 1447, with the extinction of the Visconti family, the republican institutions were restored in Milan (so-called the Ambrosian Republic).

In 1450, Francis Sforza, who married the illegitimate daughter of the last Visconti Duke, Philip-Maria, became Duke of Milan.
The Sforza rights to the Duchy were challenged by Charles (+1465), Duke of Orléans, whose mother Valentine Visconti was Duke Philip-Maria's sister.

In 1499, King Louis XII of France, Duke Charles of Orléans' son, expelled the House of Sforza and added Milan to his possessions. The struggle for Milan between the Kings of France and the Sforzas, who were supported by different enemies of the French domination in Italy, continued until the battle of Pavia, 1525. In this battle, the French army was defeated, and it led to the restoration of the Sforza rule in Milan.
After the death of the last Sforza Duke in 1535, the Roman Emperor Charles V took control of the Duchy of Milan as an Imperial fief.

In 1540, Emperor Charles V bestowed Milan to his son Philip (+1598). The grant was reaffirmed in 1554.
In 1556, Philip became King of Spain, and Milan became the possession of the Spanish Kings.

During the War for the Spanish succession (1701-1714), the Austrians took the Duchy of Milan, and it passed to Austria by the Treaty of Utrecht of 1713.

In 1796, the French army occupied the Duchy of Milan. Its territory became a part of the Cisalpine Republic, and since 1805 of the Kingdom of Italy.

In Apr 1814, the Austrians occupied Milan. In May 1814, by the Treaty of Paris the territory of the former Duchy of Milan was annexed to the Austrian Empire as a part of the newly created Kingdom of Lombardy-Venetia.

In 1859-1860, King Victor-Emmanuel II of Sardinia with the French aid, drove the Austrians out of Lombardy.

In 1861, King Victor-Emmanuel II of Sardinia was declared King of Italy, and Lombardy became a part of the Kingdom of Italy.






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Geographical names.

Angera (in Varese, Lombardia, NW Italy).
Milan -> Mediolanus; Milano; Mailand (Italy)
Pavia -> Papia (Italy);
Vertus (in la Marne, Champagne-Ardenne, N France).





Christian (First) names.

Charles -> Carolus; Carlo;
Francis -> Franciscus; Francesco;
John -> Johannes; Giovanni / Gian;
Louis -> Ludovicus; Lodovico;
Maximilian -> Maximilianus; Massimiliano;






--- 1385-1395 ( John-Galeazz Visconti )

Count of Vertus;
Lord of Milan;

@ Samples:

(Dec 1394) [11: p.176; libro I; Doc.# 23]
< John-Galeazz Visconti (+1402), Lord (Duke 1395) of Milan 1385; ~ (1) 1360 Isabelle of France (+1372), Countess of Vertus >
Nos Johannes Galeaz Vicecomes, Comes Virtutum
Dominus Mediolani et
Imperialis Vicarius Generalis






--- 1395-1396

Duke of Milan;
Count of Vertus;

@ Replaced:

- [1395] Milan (Lordship) with Milan (Duchy)
John-Galeazz Visconti received the title of Duke of Milan from King Wenceslas of the Romans (1395) [49: p.31]..

@ Samples:

(Jan 1396) [43: volume I (1864); p.311; Doc.# CCXVII]
< John-Galeazz Visconti (+1402), Lord (Duke 1395) of Milan 1385; ~ (1) 1360 Isabelle of France (+1372), Countess of Vertus >
Johannes Galeaz dux Mediolani etc.
Comes Virtutum

(Aug 1396) [43: volume I (1864); p.312; Doc.# CCXVIII]
Johannes Galeaz dux Mediolani etc.
Comes Virtutum






--- 1396-1399

Duke of Milan;
Count of Pavia, Angera, Vertus;

@ Added:

- Pavia
Pavia was raised to the status of a county (1396) [49: p.31] [62: volume 23 (1973); p.55].

- Angera
Angera was raised to the status of a county (1397) [49: p.31].

@ Samples:

(Jan 1399) [48: tomus II (1726); p.1479-1480; Doc.# XXXIX]
< John-Galeazz Visconti (+1402), Lord (Duke 1395) of Milan 1385; ~ (1) 1360 Isabelle of France (+1372), Countess of Vertus >
Joannes Galeaz Dux Mediolani,
Papiæ, Angleriæ, ac Virtutum Comes &c.






--- 1399-1400

Duke of Milan;
Count of Pavia, Vertus;
Lord of Pisa, Siena;

@ Added:

- Pisa
Pisa accepted Duke John-Galeazz’s lordship (1399) [62: volume 23 (1973); p.55].

- Siena
Siena accepted Duke John-Galeazz’s lordship (1399) [62: volume 23 (1973); p.55].

@ Removed:

- Angera
The County of Angera passed to John-Maria, a son of Duke John-Galeazz Visconti (1399).

@ Samples:

(Jan 1400) [57: Appendici; volume 1 (1883); p.253]
Johannes Galeaz dux Mediolani etc.
Papiae, Virtutumque comes ac
Pisarum et Senarum dominus






--- 1400-1402

Duke of Milan;
Count of Pavia, Vertus;
Lord of Pisa, Siena, Perugia;

@ Added:

- Perugia
Duke John-Galeazz Visconti conquered Perugia (1400).

@ Samples:

(Apr 1401) [23: volume III (1838); p.181; Doc.# XVIII]
< John-Galeazz Visconti (+1402), Lord (Duke 1395) of Milan 1385; ~ (1) 1360 Isabelle of France (+1372), Countess of Vertus >
Johannes Galeaz Dux Mediolani
Papie, Virtutumque Comes ac
Pisarum, Senarum et Perusij Dominus

(Feb 1402) [43: volume I (1864); p.369; Doc.# CCXLV]
Johannes Galeax Dux Mediolani etc.
Papie, Virtutumque Comes, ac
Pisarum, Senarum, et Perusii dominus






--- 1402-1402

Duke of Milan;
Count of Pavia, Vertus;
Lord of Bologna, Pisa, Siena, Perugia;

@ Added:

- [1402] Bologna
Duke John-Galeazz Visconti conquered Bologna (1402) [62: volume 23 (1973); p.55].






--- 1402-1403

Duke of Milan;
Count of Angera;
Lord of Bologna, Pisa, Siena, Perugia;

@ Replaced:

- [1402] Vertus, Pavia with Angera
After the death of John-Galeazz Visconti, whose first wife was the Countess of Vertus, the Crown of Milan passed to his first son from the second marriage, John-Maria, Count of Angera. Pavia passed to his second son Philip-Maria (1402).

@ Samples:

(Sep 1402) [56: tomus XVI (1730); p.931]
< John-Maria Visconti (+1412), Duke of Milan 1402; with Philip-Maria Visconti (+1447), Duke of Milan 1412 >
Johannes Maria Anglus Dux Mediolani &
Comes Angleriæ ac
Bononiæ Pisarum, Senarum ac Perusii &
Philippus Maria Comes Papiæ &
Veronæ Dominus

(Oct 1402) [63: Band 18 (1873); p.233; Doc.# 1]
< John-Maria Visconti (+1412), Duke of Milan 1402; with his mother Catherine Visconti (+1404) >
Catharina ducissa Mediolani etc.,
Papie, Anglerieque comitissa et
Johannes Maria dux Mediolani etc.,
comes Anglerie ac
Bononie, Pisarum, Senarum et Perusii dominus

(Nov 1402) [65: serie III; tomo XIV (anno 1868-1869); p.33; Doc.# 110]
Caterina Ducissa et Johannes Maria Anglus dux Mediolani etc.
Papie, Anglerieque Comitissa ac
Bononie, Pisarum, Senarum et Perusii domini

(May 1403) [43: volume I (1864); p.377; Doc.# CCLI]
Catherina Ducissa et Johannes Maria Anglus Dux Mediolani etc.
Papie, Anglerieque Comitissa et Comes Anglerie, ac
Bononie, Pisarum, Senarum et Perusii domini






--- 1403-1412

Duke of Milan;

@ Removed:

- Bologna, Perugia
Note: In 1403, the Visconti gave up Bologna and Perugia to the Roman Pope by a secret treaty [58: volume I (1907); p.173] [59: p.213]

- Pisa

- Siena
Note: In 1404, the Sienese threw off the yoke of the Milanese [59: p.213]

@ Samples:

(Dec 1405) [64: volume III; p.39; Doc.# XXV]
< John-Maria Visconti (+1412), Duke of Milan 1402 >
Johannes Maria anglus Dux Mediolani etcetera

(Oct 1408) [60: volume III (1870); p.184; Doc.# 61]
Johannes Maria Anglus dux Mediolani etc.

(Jan 1410) [64: volume III; p.40; Doc.# XXVI]
Iohannes Maria Anglus Dux Mediolani etc.






--- 1412-1413

Duke of Milan;
Count of Pavia;
Lord of Verona;

@ Added:

- [1412] Pavia
Philip-Maria, Count of Pavia, succeeded his brother John-Maria in Milan (1412).

- Verona

@ Removed:

- Angera

@ Samples:

(July 1412) [60: volume III (1870); p.225]
< Philip-Maria Visconti (+1447), Duke of Milan 1412 >
Filippus Maria Anglus dux Mediolani,
comes Papie ac
dominus Verone etc.

(Aug 1412) [44: p.142; Doc.# XLVI]
Philippus Maria Anglus Dux Mediolani,
Comes Papiae, ac
Dominus Veronae etc.






--- 1413-1414

Duke of Milan, Verona;
Count of Pavia, Angera;

@ Added:

- Angera

@ Replaced:

- Verona (Lordship) with Verona (Duchy)

@ Samples:

(July 1413) [43: volume II; parte I (1869); p.18; Doc.# XVII] [44: p.154; Doc.# LI]
< Philip-Maria Visconti (+1447), Duke of Milan 1412 >
Filippus Maria Anglus dux Mediolani, Verone etc.
Papie, Anglerieque Comes

(July 1416) [45: volume I; p.139]
Philippus Maria Anglus, Dux Mediolani, Veronae etc.,
Papiae, Angleriaeque Comes






--- 1414-1421

Duke of Milan;
Count of Pavia, Angera;

@ Removed:

- Verona

@ Samples:

(Jan 1417) [61: tome XIII; p.39f]
< Philip-Maria Visconti (+1447), Duke of Milan 1412 >
Philippus Maria Anglus dux Mediolani etc.
Papiae, Angliseque comes

(Oct 1420) [43: volume II; parte I (1869); p.76; Doc.# L]
Filippus Maria Anglus Dux Mediolani etc.,
Papie, Anglerieque Comes

(May 1421) [64: volume III; p.47; Doc.# XXXI]
Philippus Maria Anglus Vicecomes Dux Mediolani,
Papie, Anglerieq. Comes






--- 1421-1447

Duke of Milan;
Count of Pavia, Angera;
Lord of Genoa;

@ Added:

- [1421] Genoa
Duke Philip-Maria submitted Genoa (1421).

@ Samples:

(May 1422) [17: Heft I; p.82; Doc.# 65]
< Philip-Maria Visconti (+1447), Duke of Milan 1412 >
Filipus Maria Anglus dux Mediolani etc.
Papie Anglerieque comes ac
Janue dominus

(Oct 1428) [1: tome 1; p.78-79; Doc.# XXIV]
Philippus Maria Anglus, dux Mediolani, etc.,
Papie Anglerieque comes ac
Janue dominus

(Oct 1434) [1: tome 1; p.100; Doc.# XXXIV]
Philippus Maria Anglus, dux Mediolani, etc.,
Papie Anglerieque comes, ac
Janue dominus

(Dec 1446) [44: p.323-324; Doc.# CXXXV]
Filipus Maria Anglus, Dux Mediolani etc.
Papiae Angleriaeque Comes ac
Januae Dominus






--- 1447-1450 ( Interregnum : the Ambrosian Republic )






--- 1450-1464

Duke of Milan;
Count of Pavia, Angera;
Lord of Cremona;

@ Samples:

(May 1450) [17: Heft I; p.90; Doc.# 72]
< Francis I Sforza (+1466), Count of Pavia 1447; Duke of Milan 1450; ~ (2) 1441 Blanca-Mary Visconti (+1468), Lady of Cremona; a illegitimate daughter of Philip-Maria Visconti, Duke of Milan >
Franciscus Sfortia Vicecomes Dux Mediolani etc.
Papie Anglerieque Comes ac
Cremone dominus

(June 1461) [40: tome I; p.352; Doc.# XCVI]
Franciscus Sforcia vicecomes, dux Mediolani, etc.
Papie, Anglerieque comes ac
Cremone dominus

(Jan 1464) [42: p.248; Doc. # XXVI]
Franciscus Sfortia vicecomes dux Mediolani etc.
Papie anglerieque comes, ac
cremone dominus






--- 1464-1466

Duke of Milan;
Count of Pavia, Angera;
Lord of Genoa, Cremona;

@ Added:

- [1464] Genoa
King Louis XI of France ceded Duke Francis I Sforza his claims to Genoa (1464).

@ Samples:

(Mar 1464) [1: tome 1; p.325; Doc.# CXL]
< Francis I Sforza (+1466), Count of Pavia 1447; Duke of Milan 1450; ~ (2) 1441 Blanca-Mary Visconti (+1468), Lady of Cremona; a illegitimate daughter of Philip-Maria Visconti, Duke of Milan >
Franciscus Sfortia Vicecomes, dux Mediolani, etc.,
Papie Anglerieque comes, ac
Janue et Cremone dominus






--- 1466-1468

Duke of Milan;
Count of Pavia, Angera;
Lord of Genoa;

@ Removed:

- [1466] Cremona
The union of Milan and Cremona ended with the death of Duke Francis I Sforza, the husband of Blanca-Mary Visconti, Lady of Cremona (1464).

@ Samples:

(May 1466) [17: Heft I; p.93; Doc.# 74]
< Galeaz-Maria Sforza (+1476), Duke of Milan 1466; with his mother Blanca-Mary Visconti, Lady of Cremona >
Blanca Maria ducissa Mediolani
domina Cremonensis,
Galeazo Maria Fortia dux Mediolani
vicecomites
Papie Anglerieque comites ac
Janue domini

(Aug 1467) [6: tomo III; p.118; classe II; Doc.# 5]
Bianca Maria Vicecomes Ducissa Mediolani,
Cremonaeque Domina, et
Galeaz Maria Sfortia Vicecomes Dux Mediolani etc.
Papiae, Angleriaeque Comites, ac
Januae Domini

(Sep 1468) [11: p.637; Libro III; Doc.# 2]
< Galeaz-Maria Sforza (+1476), Duke of Milan 1466; ~ (2) 1441 Bona of Savoy (+1485); >
Galeaz Maria Sfortia Vicecomes Dux Mediolani etc.
Papiae Anglerieque Comes ac
Janue Dominus

@ Samples [Auxiliary]:

(Oct 1466) [67: p.13; Doc.# II]
Sfortia Maria Sfortia Vicecomes de Aragonia Dux Bari etc.






--- 1468-1499

Duke of Milan;
Count of Pavia, Angera;
Lord of Genoa, Cremona;

@ Added:

- [1468] Cremona
Duke Galeaz-Maria (+1476) inherited Cremona after the death of his mother, Blanca-Mary Visconti (1468).

@ Samples:

(July 1477) [1: tome 1; p.550; Doc.# CCLXV]
< John-Galeaz-Maria Sforza (+1494), Duke of Milan 1476 ; with Bona of Savoy (+1485)>
Bona et Johannes Galeaz Maria Sfortia Vicecomites, duces Mediolani, etc.,
Papie Anglerieque comites, ac
Janue et Cremone domini

(Oct 1490) [4: volume 12; p.429]
Johannes Galeaz Maria Sfortia Vicecomes, Dux Mediolani, &c.,
Papiæ, Angleriæque Comes, ac
Genue & Cremonæ Dominus

(Oct 1497) [11: p.210; libro I; Doc.# 41]
< Louis-Maria "the Moor" Sforza (+1508), Duke of Milan [1494–1499]; of Bari [1479-1494] >
Ludovicus Maria Sfortia Anglus dux Mediolani etc.
Papiae, Angleriaeque Comes, ac
Genuae et Cremonae Dominus

(Apr 1499) [17: Heft I; p.104; Doc.# 79]
Ludouicus Maria Sfortia Anglus dux Mediolani etc.
Papie Anglerieque comes ac
Genue et Cremone dominus

@ Samples [Regents]:

(July 1487) [23: volume III (1838); p.181; Doc.# XIX]
< Louis-Maria "the Moor" Sforza (+1508), Duke of Milan [1494–1499]; Regent of Milan >
Ludovicus Maria Sfortia Vicecomes Dux Barri,
Ducalis Locumtenens, et Capitaneus generalis






--- 1499-1501 ( Louis [ as XII in France ] )

King of Franks, Sicily, Jerusalem;
Duke of Milan;

@ Replaced:

- [1499] Pavia, Angera, Genoa, Cremona with Franks, Sicily, Jerusalem
King Louis XII of France expelled Duke Louis-Maria Sforza and added Milan to his possessions (1499).

@ Samples:

(Oct 1499) [2: p.88; Doc.# 1]
< Louis-Maria (+1515), Duke of Orléans [1466-1498], of Milan [1499-1512]; King of France (Louis XII) 1498, of Naples [1501-1504] >
Ludovicus, Dei gracia Francorum Sicillie et Jherusalem Rex,
dux Mediolani

(Oct 1500) [2: p.273]
Ludovicus, Dei gratia Francorum, Sicilie et Hierusalem rex ac
Mediolani dux






--- 1501-1505 ( Louis [ as XII in France ] )

King of Franks, Naples, Jerusalem;
Duke of Milan;

@ Replaced:

- Sicily with Naples
King Louis XII of France agreed to divide the Kingdom of Naples with King Ferdinand II of Aragon (1501).

@ Samples:

(Aug 1502) [14: Band XXVII (1861); IV; p.359]
< Louis (+1515), Duke of Orléans [1466-1498], of Milan [1499-1512]; King of France (Louis XII) 1498, of Naples [1501-1504] >
Ludouicus, Dei Gratia Francorum, Neapolis et Hierusalem Rex
Mediolanique Dux etc.

(Aug 1505) [14: Band XXVII (1861); IV; p.361]
Ludovicus, Dei Gratia Francorum, Neapolis et Hierusalem Rex ac
Mediolani Dux etc.






--- 1505-1512 ( Louis [ as XII in France ] )

King of Franks;
Duke of Milan;

@ Removed:

- [1505] Naples, Jerusalem
King Louis XII of France recognized the loss of the Kingdom of Naples to the King of Aragon by the Peace of Blois (1505).
Note: In 1504, King Ferdinand II of Aragon conquered the whole Kingdom of Naples from Louis XII.

@ Samples:

(June 1507) [22: année 1892; p.171; Doc.# 23] < for Milan >
< Louis (+1515), Duke of Orléans [1466-1498], of Milan [1499-1512]; King of France (Louis XII) 1498, of Naples [1501-1504] >
Ludovicus, Dei gratia Francorum rex et
Mediolani dux, etc.

(May 1508) [23: volume III (1838); p.189; Doc.# XXIV]
Ludovicus, Dei gratia Francorum Rex et
Mediolani Dux, etc.

(May 1509) [11: p.389; Libro II; Doc.# 1]
Ludovicus Dei gratia Francorum Rex, ac
Mediolani Dux

(Mar 1512) [16: volume II (1857); p.30; Doc.# VIII]
Ludovicus Dei gratia Francorum Rex et
Mediolani Dux






--- 1512-1515 ( Maximilian-Maria Sforza )

Duke of Milan;
Prince of Pavia;
Count of Angera;
Lord of Genoa, Cremona, Asti;

@ Replaced:

- [1512] Franks with Pavia, Angera, Genoa, Cremona, Asti
The Swiss in the pay of Emperor Charles V drove the French out , and Maximilian-Maria Sforza became Duke of Milan (1512).

@ Samples:

(Apr 1515) [14: Band XXVII (1861); IV; p.373-374; Doc.# I-12]
< Maximilian-Maria Sforza (+1530), Duke of Milan [1512-1515] >
Maximilianus Maria Sfortia Vicecomes, dux Mediolani etc.
Papie Princeps
Anglerieque Comes ac
Genue, Cremone et Ast dominus






--- 1515-1522 ( Francis [ as I in France ] )

King of the Franks;
Duke of Milan;

@ Replaced:

- [1515] Pavia, Angera, Genoa, Cremona, Asti with Franks
King Francis I of France defeated the Swiss mercenaries of Maximilian Sforza, Duke of Milan, in his renowned victory of Marignano (now Melegnano) and reconquered Milan (1515).
Note: Maximilian yielded the Duchy to Francis I and retiring to Paris to live on a pension.

@ Samples:

(Dec 1515) [38: tomo III (1865); p.220]
< Francis I (+1547), King of France 1515; Duke of Milan >
Franciscus Dei gratia Francorum Rex,
Dux Mediolani etc.

(Sep 1516) [15: tomo III (1842); p.387]
Franciscus Dei gratia Francorum Rex, et
Mediolani Dux, etc.

(Jan 1518) [21: serie II; volume III / anno XVIII (1891); p.889]
Franciscus dei gratia Francorum Rex ac
Mediolani Dux etc.

(May 1520) [39: p.403; Doc.# 13]
Franciscus Dei gratia Francorum Rex, ac
Mediolani dux etc.






--- 1522-1525

Duke of Milan, Bari;
Prince of Pavia;
Count of Angera;
Lord of Genoa, Cremona, Asti;

@ Replaced:

- [1522] Franks with Bari, Pavia, Angera, Genoa, Cremona, Asti
After the defeat of the French at the Battle of Bicocca, Emperor Charles V set up Francis Sforza as Duke of Milan (1522).

@ Samples:

(June 1523) [12: serie III; volume VI (1887-1888); p.451; Doc.# IX] [14: Band XXVII (1861); IV; p.380; Doc.# II-1]
< Francis II Sforza (+1535), Duke of Bari, of Milan 1522 >
Franciscus secundus Sfortia vicecomes Dux Mediolani, ac Barij,
Papiae Princeps,
Angleriaeque Comes, ac
Genuae, Cremonae, et Hastae Dominus

(June 1524) [23: volume III (1838); p.191; Doc.# XXV]
Franciscus secundus Sfortia Vicecomes Dux Mediolani, ac Bari,
Papiae Princeps,
Anglerieque Comes ac
Genue Cremonae et Astae Dominus

(Aug 1525) [6: tomo III; p.202-206; classe III; Doc.# 10]
Franciscus Secundus Sfortia Vicecomes Dux Mediolani, et Bari,
Papiae Princeps,
Angleriaeque Comes, ac
Genuae, Cremonae, et Astae Dominus






--- 1525-1535

Duke of Milan, Bari;
Prince of Pavia;
Count of Angera;
Lord of Cremona;

@ Removed:

- Genoa, Asti

@ Samples:

(Feb 1528, n.s.) [4: volume 14; p.234]
< Francis II Sforza (+1535), Duke of Bari, of Milan 1522 >
Franciscus Secundus Sfortia Vicecomes, Dux Mediolani, & Barri,
Papiæ Princeps,
Angleriæque Comes, ac
Cremonæ Dominus

@ Samples [Governors]:

(Nov 1525) [11: p.463; Libro II; Doc.# 61]
Ferdinandus Franciscus Davalos de Aquino Marchio Pischariae,
Cesareus armorum Capitaneus Generalis, et
Gubernator in Statu Mediolani

@ Samples [Auxiliary]:

(Feb 1528) [54: anno IX (1938); fascicolo III; p.317; Doc.# I]
< Bona Sforza (+1557), Princess of Bari; a daughter of Duke John-Galeazzo of Milan; ~ 1518 Sigismund I (+1548), King of Poland >
Sigismundus et Bona Dei gratia Rex et Regina Polonie
Magni Duces Lithuanie
Mediolani Barique Princes
Rossani Russie Prussieque etc. Domini et Heredes






--- 1535-1540 ( Interregnum : under direct imperial rule )

@ Samples [Auxiliary]:

(Aug 1525) [6: tomo III; p.209; classe III; Doc.# 12]
< Charles (+1558), the Roman Emperor (Charles V) 1519; King of Spain (Charles I) [1516-1556] >
Carolus Quintus Divina favente Clementia Romanorum Imperator < Semper > Augustus, ac
Germaniae, Hispaniarum, ulriusque Siciliae, Hierusalera, Hungariae, Dalmatiae, Croatiae etc. Rex,
Arcidux Austriae,
Dux Burgundiae, Brabantiae etc.
Comes Abspurgi, Flandriae, Tirolis etc.






--- 1540-1554






--- 1554-1556 ( Philip [ as II in Spain ] )

King of England, France, the Upper Siciliy, Jerusalem, Ireland;
Archduke of Austria;
Duke of Milan, Burgundy, Brabant;
Count of Habsburg, Flanders, Tyrol;

@ Added:

- [1554] England, France, the Upper Siciliy, Jerusalem, Ireland
Emperor Charles V confirmed his son Philip in possession of the Duchy of Milan, invested him with the Kingdom of Naples. In several days Philip married Queen Mary I of England (1554).

@ Samples:

(Apr 1555) [8: p.392; Doc.# 79]
< Philip (+1598), King of Naples 1554, of Spain (Philip II) 1556, Duke of Milan 1540/1554; ~ 1554 Mary I (+1558),Queen of England >
Philippus Dei gratia, Angliæ, Franciæ, Citerioris Siciliæ, Hierusalem et Hiberniæ Rex,
fidei defensor,
Princeps Hispaniarum, et
Archidux Austriæ,
Dux Burgundiæ, Mediolani, et Brabantiæ,
Comes Habspurgi, Flandriæ < et Tirolis > etc.

@ Samples [Auxiliary]:

(Jan 1555, o.s.) [67: p.218; Doc.# VIII]
< Bona Sforza (+1557), Princess of Bari; a daughter of Duke John-Galeazzo of Milan; ~ 1518 Sigismund I (+1548), King of Poland >
Bona Sfortia de Aragonia Dei gratia Regina vidua Poloniae,
Magna Dux Lithuaniae,
Barique Princeps,
Rossani, Russiae, Prussiae, [Masoviae] etc. Domina






--- 1556-1558 ( Philip [ as II in Spain ] )

King of Spains, England, France, both Sicilies, Jerusalem, Ireland;
Archduke of Austria;
Duke of Burgundy, Brabant, Milan;
Count of Habsburg, Flanders, Tyrol;

@ Replaced:

- [1556] the Upper Siciliy with Spains, both Sicilies
Duke Philip succeeded his father Charles in Spain (as Philip II) and Sicily (1556).

@ Samples:

(July 1557) [46: tome V; partie I (1728); p.10; Doc.# IX]
< Philip (+1598), King of Naples 1554, of Spain (Philip II) 1556, Duke of Milan 1540/1554; ~ 1554 Mary I (+1558), Queen of England >
Philippus Dei gratia, Hispaniarum, Angliæ, Franciæ, utriusque Siciliæ, Hierusalem, Hiberniæ &c. Rex,
Archidux Austriæ,
Dux Burgundiæ, Mediolani, Brabantiæ, &c.
Comes Abspurgi, Flandriæ, Tirolis &c.






--- 1558- ~1589 ( Philip [ as II in Spain ] )

King of Spains, both Sicilies, Jerusalem;
Archduke of Austria;
Duke of Burgundy, Brabant, Milan;
Count of Habsburg, Flanders, Tyrol;

@ Removed:

- [1558] England, France, Ireland
The union of Milan and England ended with the death of Queen Mary I of England, the second wife of Philip, King of Spain and Duke of Milan (1558).

@ Samples:

(Oct 1562) [55: tomus XX (1733); p.437; Doc.# XLIV]
< Philip (+1598), King of Naples 1554, of Spain (Philip II) 1556, Duke of Milan 1540/1554; ~ 1554 Mary I (+1558), Queen of England >
Philippus Dei gratia rex Hispaniarum, utriusque Siciliæ, Hierusalem, &c.
archidux Austriæ,
dux Burgundiæ, Brabantiæ & Mediolani, &c.
comes Habspurgi, Flandriæ, & Tyrolis

(Mar 1581) [10: tomo XXVIII; p.366]
Philippus Dei gratia Hispaniarum, utriusque Siciliae, Hierusalem etc. Rex,
Archidux Austriae,
Dux Burgundiae, Brabantiae et Mediolani etc.
Comes Habspurgi, Flandriae et Tyrolis, etc.

(Jan 1589) [68: p.159; Doc.# CCCLXXXV] < for Milan >
Phillppus Dei gratia Rex Hispaniarum, utriusque Siciliae, Hierusalem,
Archidux Austriae,
Dux Burgundiae, Bravantiae et Mediolani,
Comes Habspurgi, Flandriae et Tirolis






--- ~1589-1668

King of Castile, Leon, Aragon, both Sicilies, Jerusalem, Portugal, Navarra, Indias;
Archduke of Austria;
Duke of Milan, Burgundy, Brabant;
Count of Habsburg, Flanders, Tyrol;

@ Replaced:

- Spains with Castile, Leon, Aragon, Navarra

- Portugal
Note. In 1581, King Philip II of Spain became King of Portugal.

@ Samples:

(Feb 1600) [74: p.218]
< Philip (+1621), King of Spain (Philip III) & Duke of Milan 1598 >
Philippus Dei gratia Rex Castellæ, Legionis, Aragonum, vtriusque Siciliæ, Hierusalem, Portugalliæ, Nauarræ, nec non Indiarum &c.,
Archidux Austriæ,
Dux Mediolani, Burgundiæ, & Brabantiæ,
Comes Habspurgi, Flandriæ, & Tirolis, &c.

(Nov 1620) [6: tomo III; p.225; classe III; Doc.# 19]
Philippus Dei gratia Rex Castellae, Legionis, Aragonum, utriusque Siciliae, Hierusalem, Portugalliae, Navarrae, nec non Indiarum etc.
Archidux Austriae,
Dux Mediolani, Burgundiae, et Bravantiae,
Comes Hapsburg, Flandriae, et Tirolis etc.

(Jan 1627) [18: vol. XXXIII (1877); p.480; Doc.# VIII]
Philippus, Dei gratia Rex Castellae, Legionis, Aragonum, utriusque Siciliae, Hierusalem, Portugalliae, Navarrae, necnon Indiarum, etc.,
Archidux Austriae,
Dux Mediolani, Burgundiae, et Brabantiae,
Comes Habspurg, Flandriae, et Tirolis, etc.

(Jan 1640) [7: p.247; Doc.# 16]
< Philip (+1665), King of Spain (Philip IV) & Duke of Milan 1621 >
Philippus Dei gratia Rex Castellae, Legionis, Aragonum, utriusque Siciliae, Hierus., Portugalliae, Navarre, nec non Indiarum etc.
Archidux Austriae,
Dux Mediolani, Burg., Brab.
Comes Habspurg., Flandriae et Tirolis etc.

(Nov 1656) [6: tomo III; p.228-229; classe III; Doc.# 20]
Philippus Dei gratia Rex Castellae, Legionis Aragonum, utriusque Siciliae, Hierusalem, Portugalliae, Navarrae, nec non Indiarum etc.
Archidux Austriae,
Dux Mediolani, Bnrgundiae, et Brabantiae,
Comes Habspurgh, Flandriae, et Tirolis etc






--- 1668-1711

King of Castile, Leon, Aragon, both Sicilies, Jerusalem, Navarra, Indias;
Archduke of Austria;
Duke of Milan, Burgundy, Brabant;
Count of Habsburg, Flanders, Tyrol;

@ Removed:

- Portugal
Charles II, King of Spain and Duke of Milan, recognized the independence of Portugal by the Treaty of Lisbon (1668).

@ Samples:

(Mar 1669) [21: anno II (1875); p.204]
< Charles (+1700), King of Spain (Charles II) & Duke of Milan 1665 >
Carolus Dei gratia Rex Castellæ, Legionis, Aragonum, utriusque Sicilie, Hierusalem, Navarræ, nec non Indiarum, etc.
Archidux Austriæ,
Dux Mediolani, Burgundiæ et Brabantiæ,
Comes Habspurgii, Flandriæ et Tirolis etc. et
regina donna Mariana austriaca, mater sua, uti tutrix et curatrix regia fìlli, ac
gubernatrix dictorum regnorum et dominiorum

(Dec 1677) [73: anno XXIX (1931); p.258]
Carolus Secundus Dei gratia Rex Castellae, Legionis, Arragonum, Utriusque Siciliae, Hierusalem, Navarrae necnon Indiarum etc.
Archidux Austriae,
Dux Mediolani, Burgundiae et Brabantiae,
Comes Habspurghi, Flandriae et Tyroli etc.






--- 1711-1735 ( Charles [ VI as the Roman Emperor ]

King of Castile, Leon, Aragon, both Sicilies, Jerusalem, Hungary, Bohemia, Dalmatia, Croatia, Navarra, Indias;
Duke of Milan;

@ Added:

- [1711] Hungary, Bohemia, Dalmatia, Croatia
Charles of Austria, Duke of Milan, succeeded his brother Joseph I in Hungary and Bohemia (1711).

@ Samples:

(July 1714) [47: p.245-246; Doc.# XXV]
< Charles (+1740), King of Spain (Charles "III") [1702-1713]; the Roman Emperor (Charles VI) 1711; Archduke of Austria 1711; Duke of Milan 1702 >
Carolus sextus, divina favente clementia electus Romanorum Imperator semper augustus ac
Rex Germaniae, Castellae, Legionis, Aragonum, utriusque Siciliae, Hierusalem, Hungariae, Bohemiae, Dalmatiae, Croatiae, Navarrae et Indiarum &
Dux Mediolanensis &c.

(Apr 1724) [75: p.188]
Carolus divina favente clementia, Romanorum Imperator semper Augustus,
Rex Germaniae, Castellae, Legionis, Aragonum, utriusque Siciliae, Rex Hyerusalem, Hungariae, Boemiae. Dalmaziae, Croaziae, Navarae et Indiarum,
Dux Mediolani, etc.

(Apr 1731) [72: volume VII (1847); Previde-Massara]
Carolus divina favente clementia, Romanorum Imperator semper Augustus,
Rex Germaniae, Castellae, Legionis, Aragonum, utriusque Siciliae, Rex Hyerusalem, Hungariae, Bohemiae, Dalmaziae, Croaziae, Navarae et Indiarum,
Dux Mediolani, etc.

(Dec 1733) [37: volume III; p.446; Doc.# 1]
Carolus divina favente clementia, Romanorum Imperator, semper augustus,
rex Germaniae, Castellae, Legionis, Aragonum, Utriusque Siciliae, Jerusalem, Hungariae, Bohemiae, Dalmatiae, Croatiae, Navarrae, et Indiarum etc.
Dux Mediolani etc.






--- 1735-1740 ( Charles [ VI as the Roman Emperor ]

King of Castile, Leon, Aragon, both Sicilies, Jerusalem, Hungary, Bohemia, Dalmatia, Croatia, Navarra, Indias;
Duke of Milan, Parma, Piacenza, Mantua;

@ Added:

- Parma, Piacenza, Mantua

@ Samples:

(Aug 1738) [52: p.178; Doc.# XV, 1]
< Charles (+1740), King of Spain (Charles "III") [1702-1713]; the Roman Emperor (Charles VI) 1711; Archduke of Austria 1711; Duke of Milan 1702 >
Don Carlo per la Divina Clemenza Imperatore dei Romani sempre augusto,
Re della Germania, di Castiglia, di Leone, d'Arragona, delle Due Sicilie, di Gerusalemme, d'Ongheria, Boemia, Dalmazia, Croazia, di Navarra e delle Indie ecc.
Duca di Milano, di Parma, Piacenza, e Mantova ecc.

(Apr 1739) [71: p.52]
Don Carlo per la Divina Clemenza Imperatore de' Romani, sempre Augusto,
Re della Germania, di Castiglia, di Leone, d'Arragona, delle due Sicilie, di Gerusalemme, d'Ungheria, Boemia, Dalmazia, Croazia, di Navarra e delle Indie ec.
Duca di Milano, di Parma, Piacenza, e Mantova






--- 1740-1780 ( Mary-Theresa )

-- the 1st form

King of Hungary, Bohemia;
Archduke of Austria;
Duke of Milan;

@ Samples:

(Mar 1748) [34: volume IV (1858); p.307]
< Mary-Theresa (+1780), Archduchess of Austria 1740; Duchess of Milan 1740; ~ 1736 Francis (+1765), Duke of Lorraine [1729-1736], Grand Duke of Tuscany 1737; the Roman Emperor 1745 >
Maria Theresia Dei gratia Romanorum Imperatrix,
Regina Hungariæ, Bohemiæ etc.
Archidux Austriæ etc.
Dux Mediolani etc. etc. etc.
+
< Ferdinand-Bonaventure II (+1778), Count of Harrach; Governor of Lombardy >
Noi Ferdinando Bonaventura del S. R. I. Conte di Harrach Rochrau,
Signore di Schluchenau, Gros piesen, Obermarcherstorf, Janowiz, Namiest, e Luderzow,
Cavallerizzo Maggiore Ereditario dell'Austria Inferiore e Superiore,
Intimo Attuale Consigliere di Stato di S. M. R. I. Land-Maresciallo, e
Colonnello Generale nell'Austria Inferiore,
Governatore, Luogotenente, e Capitano Generale della Lombardia Austriaca

(May 1753) [35: volume III; p.169]
Maria Theresia Dei gratia Romanorum Imperatrix,
Regina Hungariæ, Bohemiæ etc.
Archidux Austriæ etc.
Dux Mediolani etc. etc. etc.

(Mar 1769) [34: volume IV (1858); p.316]
Maria Theresia Dei gratia Romanorum Imperatrix,
Regina Hungariae, Bohemiae etc.
Archidux Austriae etc.
Dux Mediolani etc. etc. etc.

(Nov 1771) [34: volume IV (1858); p.357]
Maria Theresia Dei gratia Romanorum Imperatrix,
Regina Hungariae, Bohemiae etc.
Archidux Austriae etc.
Dux Mediolani etc. etc. etc.
+
Ferdinando principe Reale d' Ungheria, e di Boemia,
Arciduca d' Austria,
Governatore e Capitan generale della Lombardia austriaca ec.


-- the 2nd form

King of Hungary, Bohemia;
Archduke of Austria;
Duke of Milan, Mantua;

@ Samples:

(Dec 1753) [66: volume II (1882); p.285; Doc.# VI]
< Mary-Theresa (+1780), Archduchess of Austria 1740; Duchess of Milan 1740; ~ 1736 Francis (+1765), Duke of Lorraine [1729-1736], Grand Duke of Tuscany 1737; the Roman Emperor 1745 >
Maria Theresia, Dei gratia Romanorum Imperatrix,
Regina Hungariæ, Bohemiæ, etc.
Archidux Austriæ et
Dux Mediolani, Mantuæ etc. etc. etc.

(Jan 1766) [69: p.147] < for Mantua, Sabbioneta, Bozolo >
Maria Theresia, Dei gratia Romanorum Imperatrix,
Regina Hungariæ, Bohemiæ etc.
Archidux Austriæ,
Dux Mediolani, Mantuæ etc. etc. etc.

(Feb 1777) [41: p.1]
Maria Theresia, Dei gratia Romanorum Imperatrix,
Regina Hungariæ, Bohemiæ &c.
Archidux Austriæ &c.
Dux Mediolani, Mantuæ &c. &c. &c.

(Mar 1780) [53: p.470]
Maria Theresia, Dei gratia Romanorum Imperatrix,
Regina Hungariæ, Bohemiæ etc.
Archidux Austriæ etc.
Dux Mediolani, Mantuæ &c. &c. &c.
+
Carlo, Conte e Signore Di Firmian, di Cronmetz, Meggel e Leopoldscron,
Cavaliere dell'insigne Ordine del Toson d'Oro,
Gentiluomo di Camera,
Consigliere Intimo Attuale di Stato delle Loro Maestà' Imperiali,
Generale Sopraintendente e Giudice Supremo delle Regie Poste d'Italia,
Luogotenente e Vice-Governatore delli Ducati di Mantova, Sabbioneta e Principati di Bozzolo e Castiglione delle Stiviere, e
Ministro Plenipotenziario di S. M. I. R. Apostolica Presso il Governo Generale della Lombardia Austriaca






--- 1780-1796

King of Hungary, Bohemia;
Archduke of Austria;
Duke of Burgundy, Lorraine, Milan, Mantua;

@ Samples:

(Dec 1780) [50: anno 1781; volume VIII; Num.3; 9 Gennaio; p.23]
< Joseph (+1790), the Roman Emperor 1765 (Joseph II); Archduke of Austria 1780; Duke of Milan 1740 >
Josephus II Dei gratia electus Romanorum Imperator semper Augustus,
Germaniae, Hungariae, et Bohemiae Rex,
Archidux Austriae,
Dux Burgundiae, Lotharingiae, Mediolani, Mantuae &c.&c.
+
Ferdinando. Principe Reale di Ungheria, e di Boemia,
Arciduca di Austria,
Duca di Borgogna, e di Lorena ce.,
Cesareo Reale Luogotenente, Governatore, e Capitano Generale della Lombardia Austriaca ce. ce.

(Dec 1785) [51: serie IX; volume XII; anno 27 (1876); p.91]
Josephus II Dei gratia electus Romanorum Imperator semper Augustus,
Germaniæ, Hungariæ, et Bohemiæ Rex,
Archidux Austriæ,
Dux Burgundiæ, Lotharingiæ, Mediolani, Mantuæ etc. etc. etc.
+
Giovanni Giuseppe del S. R.I. Conte di Wilzeck,
Barone di a Hultschin, e Guttenland ec. ec.,
Gentiluomo di Camera e Consigliere Intimo Attuale di Stato di S. M. I. R. Apostolica, Generale, Sovrintendente, e Giudice Supremo delle Regie Poste,
Commissario Plenipotenziario Imperiale in ltalia,
Ministro Plenipotenziario della Maestà Sua presso il Governo Generale della Lombardia Austriaca, e
suo Rappresentante in assenza del Serenissimo Arciduca Governatore.

(Apr 1790) [69: p.205-206] < for Mantua >
Josephus II, Dei gratia electus Romanorum Imperator semper Augustus,
Germaniæ, Hungariæ, et Bohemiæ Rex,
Archidux Austriæ,
Dux Burgundiæ, Lotharingiæ, Mediolani, et Mantuæ etc. etc.
+
Ferdinando Principe Reale d'Ungheria, e di Boemia,
Arciduca d' Austria,
Duca di Borgogna e di Lorena,
Cesareo Reale Luogotenente Governatore e Capitano Generale nella Lombardia Austriaca