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Main Page: Titles of European hereditary rulers


Last updated: Jan 10, 2021



Mansfeld

Overview.

Burchard of Querfurt (+1254/56), who married Countess Sophie of Mansfeld, founded the second House of Mansfeld (Mansfeld-Querfurt) [21: volume VI; p.128-129] [17: Neue Folge; Band XIX (2000); Tafel 84] [16: tome III; chapitre VIII; tableau No.29; p.82].

In 1475, Albert (+1484) and Ernest I (+1485/6), sons of Count Günther of Mansfeld, divided his County and founded, respectively, the branches of Vorderort and Hinterort of the House of Mansfeld-Querfurt [25: Abtheilung I; Band I; p.86-87] [17: Neue Folge; Band XIX (2000); Tafel 85,86, 89].

In 1577, because of debts the Vorderort part of the County of Mansfeld was sequestered by its overlords: the Electorate of Saxony, Magdeburg and Halberstadt (The parts of the County obtained by Magdeburg and Halberstadt later passed to the Electorate of Brandenburg) [17: Neue Folge; Band XIX (2000); Tafel 87] (see Note 1).
By 1580, the Counts of Mansfeld had lost their status of Imperial immediate rulers [15: p.138-140].

In 1716, the Electorat of Brandenburg lifted the sequestration, but the Electorat of Saxony maintained it [22: p.76] [21: volume VI; p.131] [25: Abtheilung I; Band I; p.87-88] [16: tome III; p.75].

In 1780, the House of Mansfeld-Querfurt became extinct in the male line, and the County of Mansfeld was divided by the Electorat of Brandenburg and the Electorat of Saxony [22: p.77] [16: tome III; p.75].


Notes.
1. "On September 13, 1570, after protracted negotiations, the princes imposed a Sequestration or forced appropriation of the administration (Zwangsverwaltung) of the Vorderort three-fifths of the territory, by far the most deeply indebted dynastic line. The terms were as follows: the six Vorderort counts were compelled to relinquish their “entire goods and mines, along with their administration, government, jurisdiction, [right of] coercion, right to send embassies, [obligations of] service, and [right to] tax and succession to their three feudal lords.” In essence, this meant that the Vorderort counts lost all authority to rule and went into private life, receiving an annual stipend on which to live. They were to regain their former rights when they repaid their creditors, a scenario that never became a reality. Three of the six Vorderort counts accepted the Sequestration immediately; three fought it, insisting that due to their status as imperial counts, the case belonged in the imperial courts, not the elector's. But August was able to force his will, and in the end the emperor assented.
... Electoral Saxony received three fourths of the Vorderort counts' holdings, while the last quarter was divided between the administrator of the archdiocese of Magdeburg and the administrator of the diocese of Halberstadt. The official transfer of power occurred in January of 1572.
... In 1573, August strengthened his hand by trading the administrator in Halberstadt diocesan lands in Mansfeld for Saxon holdings outside the territory. As a result, by 1573, in addition to the three quarters of the Vorderort holdings already under his control, the elector gained Eisleben and Hettstedt, two of the territory's three major cities. Only Tal Mansfeld, the third major city, remained outside his grasp, owing feudal allegiance to the administrator in Magdeburg. Other land swaps further strengthened the elector's position, so that by 1580, the counts of Mansfeld had become Landsassen, having lost their status as imperial counts. As one historian has put it, “Around the year 1580, Mansfeld ceased to be an independent territory. The counts of the Vorderort had gone from ruling lords to merely private individuals during the course of the Sequestration. The counts of the Mittelort and Hinterort were mediatized”." [15: p.138-140].






Bibliography.

1. Krühne, Max. Urkundenbuch der Klöster der Grafschaft Mansfeld (Halle : Otto Hendel, 1888) [Geschichtsquellen der Provinz Sachsen und angrenzender Gebiete].
2. Neue Mittheilungen aus dem Gebiete historisch-antiquarischer Forschungen (Halle; Nordhausen : 1834-)
3. Mansfelder Blätter (Eisleben : 1887-).
4. Archiv Cesky cili staré pisemné pamatky ceské i moravské (Praha : 1840-).
5. Schotte, Hermann. Rammelburger Chronik: Geschichte des alten Mansfeldischen Amtes Rammelburg ... (Halle an der Saale : 1906).
6. Riedel, Adolph Friedrich. Codex diplomaticus Brandenburgensis : Sammlung der Urkunden, Chroniken und sonstigen Quellenschriften für die Geschichte der Mark Brandenburg und ihrer Regenten (Berlin : F.H. Morin, 1838-1869).
7. Lünig, Johann Christian. Das teutsche Reichsarchiv ... (Leipzig : F. Lanckischens Erben, 1710-1722).
8. Grössler, Hermann. Mansfelder Blätter : Mitteilungen des Vereins für Geschichte und Altertümer der Grafschaft Mansfeld zu Eisleben (Eisleben : 1887-).
9. Lahmer, Robert. Chronik der Stadt Schluckenau (Schluckenau : 1889).
10. Hoefer, Ludwig Franz. Auswahl der ältesten Urkunden deutscher Sprache im Königl. Geheimen Staats- und Kabinets-Archiv zu Berlin (Hamburg : Perthes, 1835).
11. Schultes, Johann Adolph. Diplomatische Geschichte des Gräflichen Hauses Henneberg (Leipzig; Hildburghausen : 1788-).
12. Schöpflin, Johann Daniel. Historia Zaringo Badensis (Karlsruhe : 1763-1766).
13. Heinemann, Otto von. Codex Diplomaticus Anhaltinus (Dessau : A. Desbarats, 1867-1883).
14. Rüthning, Gustav; Kohl, Dietrich. Oldenburgisches Urkundenbuch (Oldenburg : 1914-).
15. Christman, Robert John. Doctrinal Controversy and Lay Religiosity in Late Reformation Germany: The Case of Mansfeld (Leiden : Brill, 2011) [Studies in Medieval and Reformation Traditions; 157].
16. Stokvis, Anthony Marinus Hendrik Johan. Manuel d'histoire, de généalogie et de chronologie de tous les états du globe, depuis les temps les plus reculés jusqu'à nos jours (Leiden : E.J. Brill, 1887-1893; 3 vols; Reprint. Amsterdam : B.M. Israël, 1966).
17. Isenburg, Wilhelm Karl Prinz von; Freytag von Loringhoven, Frank Baron; Schwennicke, Detlev. Europäische Stammtafeln (1935-).
18. Bechstein, Ludwig; Schoeppach, Karl; Brückner, Georg. Hennebergisches Urkundenbuch (Meiningen : 1842-).
19. Christman, Robert John. Heretics in Luther's Homeland: The Controversy over Original Sin in Late Sixteenth-Century Mansfeld. The University of Arizona Dissertation (2004).
20. Mitteilungen des Freiberger Altertumsvereins (Freiberg : 1860/1862-).
21. Büsching, Anton Friedrich; Murdoch, Patrick. A new system of geography (London : A. Millar, 1762; 6 vols).
22. Krumhaar, Karl. Die Grafen von Mansfeld und ihre Besitzungen (Eisleben : Kuhnt, 1872).
23. Acta Historico-Ecclesiastica, oder Gesammlete Nachrichten von den neuesten Kirchen-Geschichten (Weimar : Hofmann, 1734/6-).
24. Möllenberg, Walter. Urkundenbuch zur Geschichte des Mansfeldischen Saigerhandels im 16. Jahrhundert (Halle : Hendel, 1915) [Geschichtsquellen der Provinz Sachsen und angrenzender Gebiete; Band XXXXVII].
25. Berghaus, Heinrich. Deutschland seit hundert Jahren. Geschichte der Gebiets-Eintheilung und der politischen Verfassung des Vaterlandes (Leipzig : 1859-1862; 5 vols) < I.Abt. Bd. 1-2: Deutschland vor hundert Jahren 1859/1860. 2. Abt. Bd. 1-3: Deutschland vor fünfzig Jahren, 1861/1862 >.
26. Francken, Eusebius Christian. Historie der Grafschafft Manßfeld (Leipzig : Schuster, 1723).







Mansfeld

--- the 13th century- ~1369

Count of Mansfeld;

@ Samples:

(Aug 1267) [13: Theil II (1875); p.243; Doc.# 334]
Borchardus Dei gratia comes de Mansvelt

(Jan 1298) [13: Theil II (1875); p.588; Doc.# 844]
Borchardus Dei gratia comes de Mansfeld

(July 1307) [13: Theil III (1877); p.98; Doc.# 146]
Dei gratia Burchardus comes de Mansvelt

(June 1324) [13: Theil III (1877); p.311; Doc.# 471]
Wye Borchard von der gnade Goddes greve tu Mansvelt

(Aug 1336) [13: Theil III (1877); p.476; Doc.# 672]
We Busse greve tho Mansvelt unde
Sivert unse sone

(May 1360) [13: Theil V (1881); p.246a; Doc.# 346]
Albertus Dei gratia comes in Mansfeld

@ Samples [Auxiliary]:

(May 1276) [1: p.429; Doc.# 103]
< Burchard II of Querfurt (+1303), Lord of Schrapelnau >
Wir Burchardus von Scraplowe gnant von Querenvorde

(1302) [1: p.435; Doc.# 118]
Burchardus herr des schlos Scrapelo






--- ~1369-1474

Count and Lord of Mansfeld;

@ Samples:

(May 1379) [1: p.462; Doc.# 156]
Wir Gebhard von gotis gnadin grafe und herre zu Mansfeld

(Apr 1394) [13: Theil V (1881); p.176; Doc.# 215]
We Albrecht van Gots genaden grave unde here to Mansfelt

(Sep 1434) [3: Jahrgang VIII (1894); p.26-27; Doc.# 34]
Wir Volrad, Graue vnde Herre zcu Mansfelt

(June 1451) [3: Jahrgang VIII (1894); p.45-46; Doc.# 49]
Wir Gunther vnde Gebehard, gevettern, Grauen vnde Herren zcu Mansfeldt

(Jan 1463) [1: p.228; Doc.# 152]
Wir Gunther grave unde herre zu Mansfelt

@ Samples [Auxiliary]:

(June 1440) [5: p.325]
Wir Brun edeler herre zcu Quernforde

(Apr 1447) [20: Heft 9 (1872); p.817-818]
wir ... Volrat vnd Gumtir gevettern graffen und herren czu Mansfild, ...
Brun edler Herre czu Quernfurt






Mansfeld-Vorderort

Notes.
In 1475, Albert (+1484), son of Count Günther of Mansfeld, founded the Vorderort branch of the House of Mansfeld-Querfurt [21: volume VI; p.128-129] [17: Neue Folge; Band XIX (2000); Tafel 85,86].


--- 1475-1484

Count and Lord of Mansfeld;

@ Samples:

(Jan 1479) [7: Band 11; Partis Specialis Continuatio II; Fortsetzung III; Abtheilung IV; Absatz 15; p.363; Doc.# XLII]
< Albert (+1484), Count of Mansfeld-Vorderort >
Wir ... Albrecht Grafe und Herr zu Mansfeld






--- 1484- ~1516

Count and Lord of Mansfeld, Heldrungen;

@ Added:

- Heldrungen
Count Ernest II of Mansfeld-Vorderort bought Heldrungen (1484) [16: tome III; chapitre VIII; tableau No.29].

@ Samples:

(Apr 1501) [3: Jahrgang VIII (1894); p.59; Doc.# 62]
< Günther (+1526), Count of Mansfeld-Vorderort >
Wir Gunther graue vnnd herre zcu Mansfeldt vnnd Heldrungen

(May 1504) [3: Jahrgang VIII (1894); p.62; Doc.# 65]
< Ernest II (+1531), Count of Mansfeld-Vorderort >
Wir Ernst, graue vnnd herre zu Mansfeld vnd Heldrungen

(June 1516) [14: Band III (1927); p.178; Doc.# 262]
< Günther (+1526), Count of Mansfeld-Vorderort >
Wir ... Günther graff und herr zu Mannsfeldt und Heldrungen






--- ~1516-1573

Notes.
Six sons of Count Ernest II of Mansfeld-Vorderort (+1531) divided Mansfeld-Vorderort into the Bornstedt, Eisleben, Friedeburg, Arnstein, Artern, and Heldrungen parts.
Peter-Ernest of Friedeburg, who became Imperial Prince in 1594, and John-Ernest I of Heldrungen (+1575) left no legitimate sons [17: Neue Folge; Band XIX (2000); Tafel 86] [16: tome III; chapitre VIII; tableau No.29; p.82].
The sub-branch of Arnstein became extinct in the male line in 1615, the sub-branch of Arnstein in 1631, the sub-branch of Eisleben in 1710 [17: Neue Folge; Band XIX (2000); Tafel 86] [16: tome III; chapitre VIII; tableau No.29; p.82].


Count and Lord of Mansfeld;
Noble Lord of Heldrungen;

@ Samples:

(Dec 1520) [7: Band 11; Partis Specialis Continuatio II; Abtheilung VI (Grafen und Herren); p.120; Doc.# LXXXV]
< Günther (+1526), Ernest II (+1531), Hoyer (+1540), Albert (+1560), and Gebhard (+1558), Counts of Mansfeld >
Wir Gunther, Ernst, Hoyer, Gebhard, und Albrecht, Gebrüdere und Vettern, Graffen und Herrn zu Mannßfeldt,
Edle Herren zu Heldrungen

(Jan 1536) [7: Spicilegium seculare; Theil I (1719); p.553; Doc.# XVII]
Wir Hoyer, Gebhardt und Philips, Gevettern, Grafen und Herrn zu Mannßfeld,
Edle Herren zu Heldrungen

(Apr 1549) [24: p.300; Doc.# 176]
< John-George I (+1579), Count of Mansfeld-Vorderort-Eisleben, and John-Albert (+1586), Count of Mansfeld-Vorderort-Arnstein >
Wir Hans Georg und Hans Albrecht gebrueder grafen zu Mansfelt,
edle hern zu Heldrungen

(Dec 1562) [12: tomus VII (1766); p.119-120; Doc.# CCCCLXXXIII]
< Peter-Ernest (+1604), Count (Prince 1594) of Mansfeld-Vorderort-Friedeburg >
Wir Peter Ernst Grave und Herr zu Manssseldt,
Edler Herr zu Heldrungen,
Ritter des guldenen Fliss,
Gubernator und Oberster Hanptmann im Hertzogthumb Lutzemburg und in der Graveschafft Chinj

(Jan 1572) [7: Band 11; Partis Specialis Continuatio II; Abtheilung VI (Grafen und Herren); p.147; Doc.# XCI]
Wir Hans Georg, Hans Albrecht, Hans Hoyer und Bruno Gebrüdere und Vettern, Graffen und Herren zu Manßfeldt,
Edle Herren zu Heldrungen






--- 1573-1716

Notes.
1. In 1690, the King of Spain granted the Principality of Fondi to Count Henry-Francis I of Mansfeld-Vorderort-Bornstedt [7: Spicilegium seculare; Theil I (1719); p.606; Doc.# LIII] [21: volume VI; p.130] [25: Abtheilung I; Band I; p.87].
2. In 1709, the Emperor of the Romans granted Henry-Francis I of Mansfeld-Vorderort-Bornstedt the title of Imperial Prince [17: Neue Folge; Band XIX (2000); Tafel 87] [16: tome III; chapitre VIII; tableau No.29; p.82].

@ Samples [Auxiliary]:

(May 1576) [1: p.96; Doc.# 148]
< Charles (+1596), Count of Mansfeld-Vorderort-Friedeburg >
Wier Carol der iunger graf und her zue Manszfelt,
edler her zue Heldrungen,
Kö. Mayt. in Frankreich bestalter oberster und cemmerer

(Feb 1585) [1: p.99; Doc.# 149]
Wier Carol der iunger graf und her zu Manszfeld,
edler her zu Heldrungen,
Kön. Mayt. zu Hispanien etc. obrister und
stadhalter desz herzogthumbsz Luczenburgk und grafschaft Schyny etc.

(June 1612) [7: Band 11; Partis Specialis Continuatio II; Abtheilung VI (Grafen und Herren); p.164; Doc.# XCV]
< Bruno (+1615), Count of Mansfeld-Vorderort-Bornstedt >
Wir Bruno der Aelter Graff und Herr zu Mannßfeldt,
Edler Herr zu Heldrungen

(June 1618) [7: Spicilegium seculare; Theil I (1719); p.602; Doc.# LIIX]
< Joachim-Frederick (+1623), Count of Mansfeld-Vorderort-Bornstedt >
Wir Joachim Friedrich Graff und Herr zu Mannsfeldt,
Edler Herr zu Heldrungen etc.

(Nov 1626) [7: Band 11; Partis Specialis Continuatio II; Abtheilung VI (Grafen und Herren); p.168; Doc.# XCVI]
< Ernest (+1626), legitimized natural son of Peter-Ernest (+1604), Count (Prince 1594) of Mansfeld-Vorderort-Friedeburg; Margrave of Castelnuovo, of Boutigliere >
Nous Ernest, Prince & Comte de Mansfeld,
Marquis de Castelnow & Boutelliere,
Baron de Heldrungen,
General des Rois tres-Chretien, & de la Grande Bretaigne

(Aug 1657) [9: p.231] < for Schluckenau >
< Charles-Adam (+1662), Count of Mansfeld-Vorderort-Bornstedt >
Jch Carl Adam Graf und Herr zu Mannsfeld,
Edler Herr zu Heldrungen,
Herr auf Bornstädt und Friedeburg,
Erbherr auf Schluckenau und Hainspach

(Mar 1674) [8: Jahrgang XX (1906); p.48]
< Francis-Maximilian (+1692), Count of Mansfeld-Vorderort-Bornstedt, and Henry-Francis (+1715), Count (Prince 1709) of Mansfeld-Vorderort-Bornstedt, Prince of Fondi 1690 >
Wir Franz Maximilian wie auch Heinrich Franz und George Albrecht allerseits Grafen und Herren zu Mansfeld,
edle Herren zu Heldrungen, Seeburg und Schraplau etc.,
Herrn der Herrschaft Doberzisch, Neuhaus und Arnstein,
der Romischen kaiserl. Majestät wirtliche Cammerer und Reichshoffrat etc.






--- 1716-1780

Notes.
1. In 1716, Prince Charles-Francis-Adam-Anthony of Mansfeld-Vorderort-Bornstedt effected a repeal of the sequestration of the part of the County of Mansfeld, which was under the overlordhip of Elector-Margrave of Brandenburg in his quality of Duke of Magdeburg, the Elector-Duke of Saxony maintained the sequestration in his lands [21: volume VI; p.130-131] [22: p.76] [16: tome III; p.75].
2. In 1751, the Prince of Mansfeld-Vorderort-Bornstedt sold the Principality of Fondi to the House of Sangro, but the money was never paid to him [22: p.77] [17: Neue Folge; Band XIX (2000); Tafel 87] [16: tome III; chapitre VIII; tableau No.29; p.82].
3. In 1780, with the death of Prince Joseph-Wenceslas the House of Mansfeld-Querfurt became extinct in the male line, and the County of Mansfeld was divided by Brandenburg and Electoral Saxony [22: p.77].
4. Mary-Elizabeth, sister of Prince Joseph-Wenceslas, married the Prince of Colloredo, and their descendants took the name of Colloredo-Mansfeld [22: p.77-78] [16: tome III; p.75].

@ Samples:

(July 1749) [23: Band 13; Theil 73-78 (1749); p.719; Doc.# VIII] < for Mansfeld >
< Henry (+1780), Prince of Mansfeld-Vorderort-Bornstedt, of Fondi >
Von Gottes Gnaden, Wir Heinrich des heil. Röm: Reichs und zu Fondi Fürst,
Graf und Herr zu Mansfeld,
Edler Herr zu Heldrungen, Seeburg und Schraplau,
Herr derer Herrschaften Dobrzisch, Heiligenfeld, Stitzow, Suchodoll, Neuhauß und Arnstein, dann derer zwey Freygerichte Stadt und Stechau zc. zc.

(Jan 1779) [22: p.77]
Wir von Gottes Gnaden Heinrich, des heiligen römischen Reichs und zu Fondi Fürst,
Graf und Herr zu Mansfeld,
Edler Herr zu Heldrungen, Seeburg und Schraplau,
Herr der Herrschaften Doberschütz, Heiligenfeld, Stützow, Suchodoll, Neuhaus, Arnstein, Nussel u. s. w.









Mansfeld-Hinterort

Notes.
1. In 1475, Ernest I (+1485/6), son of Count Günther of Mansfeld, founded the branch of Hinterort [17: Neue Folge; Band XIX (2000); Tafel 85, 89] [21: volume VI; p.129].
2. In 1666, with the death of Count Christian-Frederick, the branch of Hinterort became extinct in the male line [17: Neue Folge; Band XIX (2000); Tafel 89] [21: volume VI; p.130].


--- 1475-1575

Count and Lord of Mansfeld;

@ Samples:

(Nov 1477) [2: Band XII; Hälfte I (1868); p.43-44]
< Albert (+1484) and Ernest I (+1485/6), Counts of Mansfeld >
Wir Albrecht vnd Ernst, gebrüdere, grauen vnd hern zcu Manssfeldt

(May 1519) [11: Theil II (1791); p.319; Doc.# CCXXX]
< Gebhard (+1558) and Albert (+1560), Counts of Mansfeld-Hinterort >
Gebhard vnd Albrecht, gebrüdere, Grafen vnd Herrn zu Manssfeld zc. zc.,

(Apr 1526) [24: p.90; Doc.# 54]
< Albert (+1560), Count of Mansfeld-Hinterort >
Wir, Albrecht graf und herr zu Mansfeld

(Sep 1538) [3: Jahrgang VIII (1894); p.80-81; Doc.# 82]
Gebhard vnd Albrecht, Gebrüdere, Graffen vnd Herren zu Mannsfeld

(Jan 1544) [24: p.241; Doc.# 33]
Wir Albrecht graf und herr zu Mansfelt

(Nov 1555) [7: Spicilegium seculare; Theil I (1719); p.582; Doc.# XXXVII]
< Volrad (+1579), John (+1567), and Charles (+1599), Counts of Mansfeld-Hinterort >
Wir Vollrath, Hannß und Carl, Gebrüdere, Graffen u. Hn. zu Mannßfeld

(Jan 1575) [26: p.31]
< Charles (+1595), Count of Mansfeld-Hinterort >
Wir Carl der älter, Graf und Herr zu Manßfeld

@ Samples [Auxiliary]:

(Sep 1602) [5: p.327]
< David (+1628), Count of Mansfeld-Hinterort >
Wir David Graff vndt Herr züe Manßfeldt,
Edler Herr zu Heldrungen und Schraplau

(Dec 1653) [3: Jahrgang XVI (1902); p.167-168; Doc.# II]
< Christian-Frederick (+1666), Count of Mansfeld-Hinterort >
Wir, Christian Friderich, Graff vnd Herr zu Mannßfeld,
Edler Herr zu Heldrungen, Seeburgk und Schraplau









Mansfeld-Mittelort

Notes.
1. Gerhard (+1558), son of Count Ernest I of Mansfeld-Hinterort (+1485/6), founded the sub-branch of Mittelort [17: Neue Folge; Band XIX (2000); Tafel 89, 90] [16: tome III; chapitre VIII; tableau No.29; p.82] [21: volume VI; p.130].
2. In 1602, with the death of Count Henry, the sub-branch of Mittelort became extinct in the male line [17: Neue Folge; Band XIX (2000); Tafel 90] [16: tome III; chapitre VIII; tableau No.29; p.82].


--- 1486-1575

Count and Lord of Mansfeld;

@ Samples:

(Mar 1551) [7: Spicilegium seculare; Theil I (1719); p.570; Doc.# XXX]
< Gerhard (+1558), Count of Mansfeld-Mittelort >
Wir Gebhardt Graf und Herr zu Mannsfeld

(Mar/Apr 1570) [7: Spicilegium seculare; Theil I (1719); p.588; Doc.# XLIII]
< Christopher (+1591), Count of Mansfeld-Mittelort >
Wir Christoff Graff und Herr zu Mannßfeld

@ Samples [Auxiliary]:

(May 1588) [3: Jahrgang XXI (1907); p.13-14; Doc.# 2]
< Christopher (+1591), Count of Mansfeld-Mittelort, with Margaret of Brunswick (+1596) , widow of Count John of Mansfeld-Hinterort (+1567) >
Von Gottes Gnaden Margaretha, geborene Herzogin zu Braunschweigk und Lüneburgk,
Gräfin und Frau zu Mansfelt, Witwe, und
Christoff, Graf und Herr zu Mansfelt,
Edler Herr zu Heldrungen und Schraplau &c.