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Main Page: Titles of European hereditary rulers

Last updated:  Nov 10, 2009

 

 

 

Greece ( Ελλάδα )

 

 

 

Overview.

 

In the 15th century, Greek lands were annexed to the Ottoman / Osman Turkish state.

 

In 1821, the Greek war of independence began, and next year a Greek assembly at Epidauros declared Greek independence.

In 1829, Greek independence was internationally recognized.

In 1832 the European powers choose Otto (+1867), a son of King Ludwig I of Bavaria, to be the Greek Basileus.

 

In 1862, the Greek National Assembly deposed Basileus Otto.

 

In 1863, the Greek National Assembly elected William of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Glücksburg (+1913), a son of King Christian IX of Denmark, as Basileus of Greece (as George I).

Basileus George I's descendents reigned until the end of the Greek Monarchy in 1973.

 

In 1924, Greece was declared Republic.

 

In 1935, the Greek Monarchy was restored.

 

In 1941-1944, during the World War II, the Germans and their allies occupied Greece.

 

In 1973, Greece was declared Republic.

 

 

Notes:

1. Basileus (βασιλευσ), the Greek term for Monarch, is translated differently in European languages, for the Byzantine rulers it is usually as "Emperor", for the modern Greek rulers it is mostly as "King".

 

 

 

 

 

 

Bibliography.

 

1. Επίσημος μετάφρασις του Γαλλικού Εμπορικού Νόμου και Νόμος περί Αρμοδιότητος των Εμποροδικείων (Αθήνα :  1835).

2. Δυοβουνιώτης, Γεώργιος. Ελληνικοί κώδικες ήτοι κείμενον των νόμων και των Βασιλικών Διαταγμάτων μετά της νομολογίας Αρείου Πάγου (Αθήνα : Γεώργιος Δ. Φέξης, 1901).

3. Svoronos, J.N. Journal international d'archéologie numismatique (Athenes).

4. Τσοκόπουλου, Γ. Ιστορία του Ελληνοτουρκικού Πολέμου 1912-1913 (Νέα Υόρκη : Εκδοτικά Καταστήματα Ατλαντίδος , [1914]).

5. Εφημερίς της Κυβερνήσεως / ΦΕΚ (Αθήνα).

 

 

 

 

 

 

Chistian (First) names.

 

Alexander -> ΑΛΕΞΑΝΔΡΟΣ : Αλέξανδρος;

George -> ΓΕΩΡΓΙΟΣ : Γεώργιος ;

Constantine -> ΚΩΝΣΤΑΝΤΙΝΟΣ : Κωνσταντίνος;

Otto -> ΟΘΩΝ : Οθων;

Paul -> ΠΑΥΛΟΣ : Παύλος;

 

 

 

 

 

 

--- 1832-1862 ( Otto of Bavaria )

 

Basileus of Greece;

 

@ Samples:

 

(May 1835) [1: p.1]

< Otto of Bavaria (+1867), Basileus of Greece [1832-1864] >

ΟΘΩΝ ΕΛΕΩ ΘΕΟΥ ΒΑΣΙΛΕΥΣ ΤΗΣ ΕΛΛΑΔΟΣ

 

(Jan 1843) [5: 1843; 25 Jan; Αριθ. 1]

ΟΘΩΝ ΕΛΕΩ ΘΕΟΥ ΒΑΣΙΛΕΥΣ ΤΗΣ ΕΛΛΑΔΟΣ

 

(Apr 1853) [5: 1853; 2 May; Αριθ. 13]

ΟΘΩΝ ΕΛΕΩ ΘΕΟΥ ΒΑΣΙΛΕΥΣ ΤΗΣ ΕΛΛΑΔΟΣ

 

 

 

 

 

 

--- 1862-1863 ( Interregnum )

 

Notes:

1. In 1862, Basileus Otto was deposed. 

 

 

 

 

 

 

--- 1863-1924

 

Notes:

1. In 1863, William of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Glücksburg (+1913) was elected Basileus of Greece as George I.

 

Basileus of the Greeks;

 

@ Samples:

 

(1864) [2: p.49]

< William (+1913), Basileus of Greece (George I) 1863 >

Γεώργιος Α' . βασιλεύς των Ελλήνων

 

(Jan 1906) [3: tome VIII (1905); p.345]

ΓΕΩΡΓΙΟΣ Α' ΒΑΣΙΛΕΥΣ ΤΩΝ ΕΛΛΗΝΩΝ

 

(Oct 1913) [5: 1913;  28 Oct; Φύλλου 217]

< Constantine I (+1923), Basileus of Greece [1913-1917; 1920-1922] >

ΚΩΝΣΤΑΝΤΙΝΟΣ ΒΑΣΙΛΕΥΣ ΤΩΝ ΕΛΛΗΝΩΝ

 

(Mar 1920) [5: 1920; 18 Mar; Φύλλου 67; τεύχος Α']

< Alexander (+1920), Basileus of Greece 1917 >

ΑΛΕΞΑΝΔΡΟΣ ΒΑΣΙΛΕΥΣ ΤΩΝ ΕΛΛΗΝΩΝ

 

(Aug 1922) [5: 1922;  3 Sep; Φύλλου 163; τεύχος Α']

< Constantine I (+1923), Basileus of Greece [1913-1917; 1920-1922] >

ΚΩΝΣΤΑΝΤΙΝΟΣ ΒΑΣΙΛΕΥΣ ΤΩΝ ΕΛΛΗΝΩΝ

 

 

 

 

 

 

--- 1924-1935 ( Interregnum : the Republic )

 

 

 

 

 

 

--- 1935-1941

 

Basileus of the Greeks;

 

@ Samples:

 

(Jan 1937) [5: 1937; 25 Jan; Φύλλου 23; τεύχος Α']

< George II (+1947), Basileus of Greece [1922-1924; 1935-1941; 1944-1947] >

ΓΕΩΡΓΙΟΣ Β ΒΑΣΙΛΕΥΣ ΤΩΝ ΕΛΛΗΝΩΝ

 

(Dec 1938) [5: 1938; 17 Dec; Φύλλου 473; τεύχος Α']

ΓΕΩΡΓΙΟΣ Β ΒΑΣΙΛΕΥΣ ΤΩΝ ΕΛΛΗΝΩΝ

 

 

 

 

 

 

--- 1941-1944 ( Interregnum : the Axis occupation )

 

 

 

 

 

 

--- 1944-1973

 

Basileus of the Greeks;

 

@ Samples:

 

(June 1946) [5: 1946; 31 July; Φύλλου 228; τεύχος Α']

< George II (+1947), Basileus of Greece [1922-1924; 1935-1941; 1944-1947] >

ΓΕΩΡΓΙΟΣ Β΄. ΒΑΣΙΛΕΥΣ ΤΩΝ ΕΛΛΗΝΩΝ

 

(Apr 1951) [5: 1951; 28 Apr; Φύλλου 126; τεύχος Α']

< Paul (+1964), Basileus of Greece 1947 >

ΠΑΥΛΟΣ ΒΑΣΙΛΕΥΣ ΤΩΝ ΕΛΛΗΝΩΝ

 

(Jan 1964) [5: 1964; 18 Jan; Φύλλου 8; τεύχος Α']

ΠΑΥΛΟΣ ΒΑΣΙΛΕΥΣ ΤΩΝ ΕΛΛΗΝΩΝ

 

(Dec 1972) [5: 1972; 12 Dec; Φύλλου 233; τεύχος Α']

< Constantine II (born 1940), Basileus of Greece [1964-1973] >

ΚΩΝΣΤΑΝΤΙΝΟΣ ΒΑΣΙΛΕΥΣ ΤΩΝ ΕΛΛΗΝΩΝ