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Brandenburg

Part I. The 12th century-1415.


Overview.

In 1134, Lothar, the Roman Emperor, gave the investiture of the North Mark to Albert "the Bear" (+1170), a representative of the House of Ascania. Fighting the neighboring Slavs (Wends) Albert extended the area of his Mark, and so became the founder of the Margraviate of Brandenburg.

The Margraves of Brandenburg were recognized as Electors and Arch-Chamberlains of the Holy Roman Empire by the mid-12th century, and this right was confirmed by the Golden Bull of Emperor Charles IV in 1356.

In 1258, John I (+1266) and Otto III (+1267), sons of Margrave Albert II, had agreed upon a division of their lands, but the arrangement only took effect on Otto's death in 1267, when John's son, John II., received the Otto Iv. electoral dignity, together with the southern part of the Margraviate, which centred around Stendal, and Otto's son, John III., the northern or Saltzwedel portion.

In 1317, the Line of Salzwedel became extinct, and its part of Brandenburg passed to the Line of Stendal.
In 1320 the Ascanian House of Brandenburg became extinct.

In 1323, Louis IV of Bavaria, King of the Romans , bestowed Brandenburg to his son Louis "the Elder" (+1361).
In 1373, Otto of Bavaria, Elector and Margrave of Brandenburg, sold Brandenburg to Charles IV of Luxembourg, Emperor of the Romans, who bestowed Brandenburg to his sons Wenceslaus (+1419), Sigismund (+1437) and John (+1396). In 1378, Brandenburg was divided between Sigismund (+1437) and John (+1396).
When 1396, Margrave John died Brandenburg was re-united.

In 1415, Sigismund of Luxembourg (+1437), ceded Brandenburg to Frederick VI of Hohenzollern, Burgrave of Nuremberg, who was formally invested with the electoral dignity in 1417.





Bibliography.

1. Riedel, Adolph Friedrich. Codex diplomaticus Brandenburgensis : Sammlung der Urkunden, Chroniken und sonstigen Quellenschriften für die Geschichte der Mark Brandenburg und ihrer Regenten (Berlin : F.H. Morin, 1838-1869).
2. Heinemann, Otto von. Codex diplomaticvs anhaltinvs (Dessau : A. Desbarats, 1867-83).
3. Hrubý, Václav. Archivum Coronae Regni Bohemiae (Pragae : Sumptibus Ministerii Scholarum et Instructionis Publicae, 1928-).
4. Mylius, Christian Otto. Corpus Constitutionum Marchicarum (Berlin : Buchladen des Waysenhauses, 1737-1755).
5. Martens, Georges Frédéric de. Recueil des principaux traités d’alliance, de paix, de trêve, de neutralité, de commerce, de limites, d’échange, etc., conclus par les puissances de l’Europe tant entre elles qu’avec les puissances et États dans d’autres parties du monde, depuis 1761 jusqu’à présent (Gottingue : Jean Chrétien Dieterich, 1791-1801; 7 vols).
6. Jahrbücher des Vereins für Meklenburgische Geschichte und Alterthumskunde (Schwerin : Commission in der Stillerschen Hofbuchhandlung, 1836-1930).
7. Celakovský, Jaromir, Haas, Antonin. Sbirka pramenù práva mestského královstvi ceského / Codex juris municipalis regni Bohemiae (Praga : Nakl. Obce kralovskeho hlavniho mesta Prahy, 1886- ).
8. Bocek, Antonin; Chytil, Josef; Chlumecky, Peter, Ritter von; Brandl, Vincenc; Bretholz, Bertold. Codex diplomaticus et epistolaris Moraviae (Olomucii : ex typographia Aloysii Skarnitzl, 1836-1903).
9. Codex diplomaticus Silesiae (Breslau : J. Max & Komp., 1857-1933).
10. Raumer, Georg Wilhelm von. Codex diplomaticus Brandenburgensis continuatus. Sammlung ungedruckter Urkunden zur brandenburgischen Geschichte (Berlin : F. Nicolai, 1831-1833).
11. Novum corpus constitutionum Prussico-Brandenburgensium praecipue marchicarum, oder, neue Sammlung Königl. Preussl. und Churfürstl. Brandenburgischer,... Ordnungen, edicten, mandaten, rescripten, &c. &c. vom Anfang des Jahrs 1751. und folgenden Zeiten (Berlin : 1753-1822).
12. Gesetz-Sammlung für die königlich preussischen Staaten, 1806-1883 (Berlin : C. Heymanns Verlag, 1884).
13. Thallóczy, Lajos; Barabás, Samu. Codex diplomaticus comitum de Frangepanibus = A Frangepán család oklevéltára (Budapest : A Magyar Tud. Akadémia, 1910-).
14. Devillers, Léopold. Cartulaire des comtes de Hainaut de l'avènement de Guillaume II a la mort de Jacqueline de Bavière. 1337-1436 (Bruxelles : F. Hayez, 1881-1896).
15. Fritsch, Ahasver. Quaestor Peccans, Sive Tractatus de Peccatis Quaestorum et Officialium (Norimbergae : Apud Wolfgangum Mauritium Endterum, 1684).
16. Orzechowski, Kazimierz. Terytorialne podzialy na Slasku [Kwartalnik Opolski, t. 17 (1971), z. 2 – 4, t. 18 (1972) ].
17. Quantz, Johann Joahim. Versuch einer Anweisung die Flöte traversiere zu spielen (Berlin : Voss, 1752).
18. Schrader, Wilhelm. Geschichte der Friedrichs-Universität zu Halle (Berlin : Ferd. Dümmlers Verlagsbuchhandlung, 1894).
19. Bärmeyer, Johann Georg Hermann. Gedenck-, Stadt- und Huth-Buch. Chronik der Stadt Feuchtwangen (Handschrift von 1736; Abschrift).
20. Königlich Preußisches Patent an die sämmtlichen geistlichen und weltlichen Stände und Einwohner des Stifts Paderborn (Königsberg : 1802).
21. Theuner, Emil; Lippert, Wold. Urkundenbuch zur Geschichte des Markgraftums Nieder-Lausitz (Lübben : 1897-).






Geographical names.

Bavaria -> Bayern (in Germany);
Goritia -> Görz (in Italy);
Lusatia->Lausitz (in Germany);
Nuremberg->Nürnberg (in Bavaria, Germany);
the Wends (Slavs) -> Wenden; Vandalorum;






First (Christian) names.

Albert -> Albertus; Albrecht;
Frederick -> Fridericus, Friedrich;
John -> Johannes; Johann / Hans;
Jost -> Jodocus; Jobst;
Louis -> Ludovicus; Ludwig;
William -> Guillelmus; Wilhelm; Guillaume;
Waldemar -> Woldemarus / Waldemarus; Valdemar;






--- the 12th century-1220

Margrave of Brandenburg;

@ Samples:

(1188) [1: Hauptheil I; Band V (1845); p.21; Doc.# I]
< Otto II (+1205), Margrave of Brandenburg 1184 >
Ego secundus Otto, dei gratia marchio in brandenburch

(1190) [1: Hauptheil I; Band V (1845); p.25; Doc.# IX]
Ego secundus Otto, dei gratia in brandenburg marchio

(July 1208) [1: Hauptheil I; Band III (1843); p.89; Doc.# XI]
< Albert II (+1220), Margrave of Brandenburg 1205 >
Ego Albertus dei gratia Brandenburgensium marchio

(June 1209) [1: Hauptheil I; Band V (1845); p.29; Doc.# XIX]
Albertus dei gratia marchio brandeburgensis









Brandenburg-Salzwedel


--- 1220-1303

Margrave of Brandenburg;

@ Samples:

(June 1275) [1: Hauptheil I; Band III (1843); p.344; Doc.# XII]
< Otto V (+1298) and Albert III(+1300), Margrave of Brandenburg 1267 >
Nos Otto et Albertus, dei gracia marchiones Brandenburgenses

(1283) [1: Hauptheil I; Band II (1842); p.329; Doc.# I]
< Albert III (+1300), Margrave of Brandenburg >
Albertus dei gratia Marchio Brandenburgensis

(Jan 1297) [2: Theil 2; p.577; Doc.# 827]
< Hermann (+1308), Margrave of Brandenburg 1298 >
Hermannus Dei gratia Brandenburgensis marchio

(Mar 1300) [2: Theil 2; p.612; Doc.# 879]
< Albert III (+1300), Margrave of Brandenburg >
Nos Albertus Dei gratia marchio Brandenburgensis






--- 1303-1312

Margrave of Brandenburg, Lusatia;
Lord of Henneberg;

@ Added:

- Lusatia
Margrave Hermann (+1308) purchased Lusatia (1303).

- Henneberg
Margrave Otto V "der Lange" (+1298) married Jutta of Hennenberg (+ca.1317). She inherited Coburg and Schmalkalden after her brother Poppo VIII (+1291),Count of Hennenberg-Schmalkalden-Coburg.

@ Samples:

(1303) [1: Hauptheil I; Band I (1838); p.125; Doc.# II.VI]
< Hermann (+1308), Margrave of Brandenburg 1298 >
We Herman, van der gnade Godts Marcgreue tu Brandenborch vnd tu Lusitz vnd
here tu Hennenberghe

(June 1307) [1: Hauptheil I; Band III (1843); p.351; Doc.# XXIV]
Nos hermannus, dei gratia Marchio Brandenborgensis et lusatie et
dominus de Hinnenbergk






--- 1312-1317

Margrave of Brandenburg, Lusatia;

@ Removed:

- Henneberg
Margrave John (+1317), a grandson of Otto V "der Lange" and Jutta, ceded Coburg and Schmalkalden to Berthold VII (+1340), Count of Hennenberg-Schleusingingen (1312).

@ Samples:

(Apr 1315) [21: Band I; Abteilung 1; p.14; Doc.# 19]
< John (+1317), Margrave of Brandenburg >
nos Johannes, dei gratia Brandenburgensis et Lusaciae marchio

(1315) [1: Hauptheil I; Band II (1842); p.79; Doc.# II]
Nos Johannes dei gracia Brandenborgensis et Lusatie Marchio

(1316) [1: Hauptheil I; Band II (1842); p.206; Doc.# VI]
Nos Johannes dei gratia brandenborgensis et Lusatie Marchio

(1317) [1: Hauptheil I; Band I (1838); p.131; Doc.# II.XVI]
Nos Johanns Dei gracia brandenbergensis et Lusacie Marchio









Brandenburg-Stendal


--- 1220-1291

Margrave of Brandenburg;

@ Samples:

(July 1238) [6: vol.14 (Year 1849); p.274]
< John I (+1266) & Otto III (+1267), brothers, Margraves of Brandenburg 1220 >
Johanes et Otto dei gracia marchiones de Brandeborch

(1263) [1: Hauptheil I; Band II (1842); p.202; Doc.# I]
Johannes dei gracia marchio Brandenburgensis

(Aug 1276) [1: Hauptheil I; Band V (1845); p.40; Doc.# XL]
< John II (+1281), Otto IV (+1308), Conrad (+1304), brothers, Margraves of Brandenburg 1266 >
Nos Johannes, Otto et Conradus Dei gratia Marchiones Brandenburgenses

(1291) [1: Hauptheil I; Band I (1838); p.247; Doc.# III.XII]
< Otto IV (+1308), Margrave of Brandenburg 1266 >
nos Otto, dei gracia marchio brandenburgensis






--- 1291-1305

Margrave of Brandenburg, Landsberg;

@ Added:

- Landsberg
The Margraves of Brandenbourg acquired Landsberg from the House of Wettin (1291).

@ Samples:

(1291) [1: Band IV; p.392; Doc.# III.I]
< Otto IV (+1308) and Conrad (+1304), brothers, Margraves of Brandenburg 1266; with John IV (+1305) and Otto VII (+1297/8) >
Otto, Conradus, Johannes et Otto, Dei gratia Marchiones Brandenburg. et de Landesberg

(1293) [1: Band IV; p.392; Doc.# III.II]
Nos Otto et Conradus, Johannes et Otto, Dei gratia Marchiones Brandenburg. et de Landesberg

(Apr 1299) [2: Theil 2; p.601; Doc.# 865]
< Otto IV (+1308), Conrad (+1304), and Henry I (+1318), brothers, Margraves of Brandenburg 1266 >
Nos Otto, Conradus et Henricus Dei gratia Brandenburgenses et de Landesberge marchiones

(Feb 1305) [10: Theil 1; p.27; Doc.# XXXVII]
< Otto IV (+1308), with John IV (+1305) and Waldemar (+1319), Margraves of Brandenburg >
Nos Otto Johannes et Woldemarus dei gratia Brandenburgensis et de Landesberch Marchiones






--- 1305-1314

Margrave of Brandenburg, Lusatia, Landsberg

@ Added:

- Lusatia

@ Samples:

(1306) [1: Hauptheil I; Band I (1838); p.480; Doc.# VIII.II]
< Otto IV (+1308), with Waldemar (+1319), Margraves of Brandenburg >
Nos Otto et Woldemarus, dei gratia Brandenburgenses, Lusatcie et de Landysberch Marchiones

(June 1307) [1: Hauptheil I; Band III (1843); p.352; Doc.# XXV]
Nos Otto et Waldemarus, dei gratia Brandenburgensis, lusatie et de landesberch Marchiones

(Sep 1308) [2: Theil 3; p.114; Doc.# 172]
< Waldemar (+1319), Margrave of Brandenburg 1304 >
Nos Waldemarus Dei gracia Brandenburghensis, Lusacie et de Landesberg marchio
tutorque incliti Johannes de Brandenborch marchionis

(Jan 1311) [1: Hauptheil I; Band V (1845); p.61; Doc.# LXXX]
Nos Woldemarus, dei gratia Brandenburgensis, Lusacie et de Landesberch Marchio

(June 1314) [1: Hauptheil I; Band V (1845); p.62; Doc.# LXXXII]
Nos Woldemarus, dei gratia Brandenburgensis, Lusacie et de Landesberge marchio






--- 1314-1321

Margrave of Brandenburg, Lusatia;

@ Removed:

- Landsberg

@ Samples:

(1314) [10: Theil 1; p.29; Doc.# XLI]
< Waldemar (+1319), Margrave of Brandenburg 1304 >
Wye Woldemer van Godes Gnaden Margreue tu Brandenborgh und Lusitz

(1317) [4: Theil 6; Abtheilung 1; p.3; Doc.# II]
nos Woldemarus Dei gratia Brandenburgensis & Lusacie Marchio

(Mar 1319) [1: Hauptheil I; Band V (1845); p.67; Doc.# XCIII]
Nos Woldemarus dei gracia Brandenburgensis et Lusacie marchio

(1321) [10: Theil 1; p.6; Doc.# VI]
Nos Woldemarus dei gratia brandenburg et lusatiae marchio






--- 1305-1320 ( Henry I & Henry II )

Margrave of Brandenburg, Landsberg

@ Samples:

(Jan 1311) [2: Theil 3; p.148; Doc.# 226]
< Henry I (+1318), Margrave of Brandenburg >
We Henrich von der ghenade Goddes markgreve von Brandeborch unde von Landesberch

(July 1312) [2: Theil 3; p.175; Doc.# 268]
We Henrich von der ghenade Goddes markgreve tho Brandeborch unde tho Landesberch






--- 1321-1323 ( Interregnum )






--- 1323-1342 ( Louis "the Elder" of Bavaria )

Margrave of Brandenburg, Lusatia;
Count-Palatine of the Rhine;
Duke in Bavaria;

@ Added:

- [1324] the Rhine, Bavaria
Louis IV of Bavaria (+1347), King of the Romans , bestowed Brandenburg to his son Louis "the Elder" (+1361) (1323).

@ Samples:

(1325) [1: Hauptheil I; Band II (1842); p.265; Doc.# VI]
< Louis "the Elder" (+1361), Margrave of Brandenburg 1323; Duke of Bavaria; ~1342 Margaret "Maultasche", Countess of Tyrol >
Nos Lodewicus dei gracia Brandenburgensis et Lusacie marchio,
comes palatinus Reni,
dux Bauarie,
sacri Imperii archicamerarius

(1328) [1: Hauptheil I; Band II (1842); p.272; Doc.# XII]
Nos Ludowicus Dei gratia Brandenburgensis et Lusacie Marchio,
[Comes] Palatinus Renj,
Dux Bauarie,
sacri Imperij Archicamerarius

(Mar 1339) [21: Band IV; p.9; Doc.# 11]
nos Ludowicus dei gracia Brandinburgensis et Lusacie marchio,
comes palatinus Reni,
dux Bavarie,
sacrique Romani imperii archicamerarius

(Mar 1342) [10: Theil 1; p.1; Doc.# II]
Ludewicus dei gratia Brandemburgensis et Lusatiae Marchio,
comes palatinus reni,
dux bavariae,
sacrique Romani Imperii Archicamerarius






--- 1342-1351 ( Louis "the Elder" of Bavaria )

-- the 1st form

Margrave of Brandenburg, Lusatia;
Count-Palatine of the Rhine;
Duke in Bavaria, Carinthia;
Count of Tyrol, Goritia;
Advocate of Aquilea, Trident, Brixen;

@ Added:

- [1342] Carinthia, Tyrol, Goritia, Aquilea, Trident, Brixen
Margrave Louis "the Elder" (+1361) married Margaret "Maultasche", Countess of Tyrol (1342).

@ Samples:

(May 1349) [8: Band 7; p.655; Doc.# 926]
< Louis "the Elder" (+1361), Margrave of Brandenburg 1323; Duke of Bavaria; ~1342 Margaret "Maultasche", Countess of Tyrol >
Wir Ludwig von Gottes Gnaden Marggraff zu Brandenburg und zu Lusitz,
Pfalzgraff beim Rein,
Hertzog yn Beyern und yn Kernten,
des heiligen Römischen Reichs Oberster Cammerer,
Graff zu Tyrol und zu Görtz und
Vogt der Gottsheuser Agley, Trient und Brixsen

(Dec 1351) [1: Band IV; p.57; Doc.# I.XXVIII]
Ludowicus Dei gratia Brandenburgensis et Lusacie Marchio,
sacri Romani Imperii Archicamerarius,
Comes palatinus Reni,
Bauarie et Karinthie dux,
Tirolis et Goricie Comes, necnon
Aquilegiensis, Tridentinensis et Brixensis advocatus

(Sep 1351) [3: tomus II; p.250; Doc.# 207]
Wir Ludowig von gots genaden marggrafe ze Brandenburg und ze Lusiczz,
des heiligen Römischen reiches oberster kamrer,
pfallenczgrafe bey Reyn,
herczog in Peyern und in Kernten,
grafe ze Tirol und ze Gortz und
vogt der gotshüser Agley, Triende und Brihsen


-- the 2nd form

Margrave of Brandenburg, Lusatia;
Count-Palatine of the Rhine;
Duke in Bavaria, Carinthia;
Count of Tyrol, Goritia;

@ Samples:

(1348) [10: Theil 1; p.17; Doc.# XXI]
< Louis "the Elder" (+1361), Margrave of Brandenburg 1323; Duke of Bavaria; ~1342 Margaret "Maultasche", Countess of Tyrol >
nos Ludovicus dei gratia Brandenburg. et Lusaciae Marchio,
Comes palatinus Rheni,
Dux Bavariae & Carinthiae,
sacrique romani imperii Archicamerarius,
Tirolis & Goricie comes

(1350) [1: Band IV; p.56; Doc.# I.XXVII]
Wy Lvdowich, von godes gnaden markgreue tu brandenborch vnd tu Lusicz,
des heilgen romeschen rykes ouerste kemerer,
pallanczgreue by dem rin,
Hertoge in beiern vnd in kernthen,
Greue tu Tyrol vnd tu Gorcz, vnd
wy Lodewich die Romer van den seluen gnade Hertoge tu beiern,
pallanzgreue by dem ryn






>>> --- 1348-1350 ( the False Waldemar )

Notes:
In 1348 there appeared in Brandenburg an old man who claimed to be the Margrave Waldemar of Brandenburg who really died in 1319.This false Waldemar was gladly received by the King of Poland, and other neighboring rulers. He was welcomed by a large number of the people in Brandenburg. Charles IV, King of the Romans , who seized this opportunity to deal a blow at his enemy Elector Louis of Bavaria, invested the false Waldemar with the Margraviate of Brandenburg (1348). This step compelled Louis to make peace with King Charles IV, who abandoned the false Waldemar and invested Louis with Brandenburg, and in return was recognized as king. By 1350, Elector Louis of Bavaria had driven his opponent from the land, and the false Woldermar retired to the court of his "relatives", the Princes of Anhalt, who recognized him as Head of their ruling House of Ascania. There he died at in 1356.


Margrave of Brandenburg, Lusatia, Landsberg;

@ Samples:

(1348) [1: Hauptheil I; Band III (1843); p.378; Doc.# LXXI]
Wy Woldemar, van der Ghnade Godes tho Brandenborg, tho Lusitz, vnd tho Landsberghe Marggreue, unde
des heiligen Römischen Rikes ouerste Kemerer

(Jan 1349) [2: Theil 3; p.604; Doc.# 853]
Wy Woldemar, van der gnade Godes tu Brandenborch, tu Lusitz, unde tu Landesberch markgreve, unde
overster kemerer des hilgen Romischen rikes

(Apr 1349) [2: Theil 3; p.609; Doc.# 857]
Wie Woldemar van Godes gnaden marcgrave tu Brandenborch, tu Lusitz, tu Landesberch unnd
overste kamerer des heiligen Romischen rykes

(May 1350) [2: Theil 3; p.643; Doc.# 904]
< the false Waldemar with his "relatives" Rudolf and Albert, Dukes of Saxony, and Albert and Waldemar, Princes of Anhalt >
Wy Woldemar von der Godes genaden thù Brandenbùrgk, thù Lusitz und thù Landessbergh marggrave und
des heiligen Romischen rikes oversthe kemerer,
wi Rudolff marggraff und Albrecht unnsse veddere van dersulven gnaden Godes hertzogen thù Sassen, und
wy Albrecht und Woldemar van dersulven gnade Godes fursten thù Ahnhalt und
greve thu Asschanien






--- 1351-1368 ( Louis "the Roman" & Otto of Bavaria )

Margrave of Brandenburg, Lusatia;
Count-Palatine of the Rhine;
Duke in Bavaria;

@ Removed:

- [1351] Carinthia, Tyrol, Goritia, Aquilea, Trident, Brixen
Elector-Margrave Louis "the Elder" (+1361) ceded the administration of Brandenburg to his brothers Louis "the Roman" and Otto in exchange for the sole rule of Upper Bavaria (1351).

@ Samples:

(Jan 1352) [2: Theil 4; p.21; Doc.# 26]
< Louis "the Roman" (+1365), Margrave of Brandenburg 1351; Duke of Bavaria-Munich >
Wi Lodowich die Römer van Gods gnaden marggreve tu Brandenborch und tu Lusitz,
des heiligen Römischen rikes overste kemerer,
phallanzgreve bie Ryne und
hertoge in Beyern

(1359) [1: Hauptheil I; Band III (1843); p.292; Doc.# VI]
Wir Ludowich dei Romer, von gots gnaden Marggreue czu Brandenburgh vnde czu Lusitz,
des heiligen Romeschen Riks oberste Kemerer,
Palanczgreue bi Rine vnd
herczoge tzu Beyern

(1362) [1: Hauptheil I; Band II (1842); p.464; Doc.# XXXVI]
Ludewich vnd Otto Gebrüder Margrafen zu Brandemburg vnd zu Lusitz,
des heiligen Romischen Riches obriste kamerer,
pfallentzgrafen by Ryne vnd
herczögen in Beyirn

(1365) [10: Theil 1; p.15; Doc.# XIX]
< Otto "der Faule" (+1379), Margrave of Brandenburg [1351/1365-1373]; Duke of Bavaria-Munich >
Wir Otte von godes gnaden Marggraff to Brandenborch und to Lusitz,
des hilligen Romischen rykes overste kamerer,
Palantz Greve by Ryne und
hertoge in Beyern

@ Samples [Auxiliary]:

(Aug 1354) [8: Band 8; p.221; Doc.# 275]
< Louis "the Elder" (+1361), Margrave of Brandenburg 1323; Duke of Bavaria; ~1342 Margaret "Maultasche", Countess of Tyrol >
Wir Ludwig von gotts gnaden Margraue zu Brandenburgk vnd zu Lusicz,
des heiligen Remischen Reichs oberster Camrer,
Phalentzgraue bey rein,
Hercsogk in Bayern und in Kärnten,
Graue zu Tirol vnd zu Gortz vnd
vogt der Gotsheuser Agley, Triend vnd Prihsen






--- 1368-1373 ( Otto of Bavaria )

Margrave of Brandenburg;
Count-Palatine of the Rhine;
Duke in Bavaria;

@ Removed:

- [1368] Lusatia
Margrave Otto (+1379) ceded the Upper Lusatia to Emperor Charles IV (1368).

@ Samples:

(June 1369) [2: Theil 4; p.255; Doc.# 384]
< Otto "der Faule" (+1379), Margrave of Brandenburg [1351/1365-1373] >
Wir Otte von Gotes gnaden marcgrave tzu Brandenborch,
des heiligen Romischen riches oberste camerer,
pfalantzgrave bie Ryne und
hertzoge in Beyern

(1371) [1: Band IV; p.65; Doc.# I.XXXVIII]
Wir Otto von gotis gnaden Marggraue zu Brandenburg,
des heiligen Romischen Rychs obirster Camerer,
pfalanczgreue by Ryne vnd
herczoge in beyern

(1372) [10: Theil 1; p.27; Doc.# XXXVIII]
Wir Otto von gotes gnaden Marggrave zcu Brandenburgh
des heiligen Romisschen reichs oberster Camerer
pfalantzgrave by Ryne unde
Hertzog in beyern

(1373) [1: Hauptheil I; Band II (1842); p.467; Doc.# XL]
Nos Otto dei gracia Marchio Brandenburgensis,
Sacri Romani Jmperii Archicamerarius,
Comes palatinus Reni et
Bauariae dux

@ Samples [Auxiliary]:

(1371) [1: Band IV; p.64; Doc.# I.XXXVII]
< Frederick (+1393), Duke of Bavaria 1375, in Bavaria-Landshut 1392 >
Wir Friderich, von gotis gnaden Marggraue zu Brandenburg,
Pfalanzgraue by Ryne vnd
herczoge in Beyern






--- 1373-1376 ( Wenceslas of Luxembourg )

@ Replaced:

- [1373] the Rhine, Bavaria with Bohemia, Lusatia, Silesia
In 1363 Emperor Charles IV took advantage of a family quarrel over the possessions of Louis "the Elder", who died in 1361, to obtain a promise from Louis "the Roman" and Otto, that the Margraviate of Brandenburg should come to his own son, Wenceslaus, in case the electors died childless. Otto, who had married a daughter of Charles IV, wished to leave Brandenburg to his own family. Emperor Charles IV began hostilities; but in 1373 an arrangement was made, and Otto, by the treaty of Fiirstenwalde, abandoned the Margraviate for a sum of 500,000 gold gulden. Emperor Charles IV who gave the country to his sons Wenceslas (+1419), Junior King of Bohemia and Duke of Silesia, John(+1396) and Sigismund (+1437) (1373). Wenceslas bore the title of Margave of Brandenburg since 1363.

-- the 1st form

King of Bohemia;
Margrave of Brandenburg, Lusatia;
Duke of Silesia;

@ Samples:

(June 1373) [2: Theil 4; p.300; Doc.# 441]
< Charles IV (+1378), King of Bohemia 1346, of the Romans 1346; Emperor of the Romans 1355; with his son
Wenceslas of Luxembourg (+1419), King of Bohemia, of the Romans ; Margrave of Brandenburg [1373-1378] >
Wyr Karl von Gots gnaden Romischer keiser, zu allen zeiten merer des reichs und
kunig zu Beheim... unde
wir Wenczla von desselbin gnaden auch kunig zu Beheim,
marggrave zu Brandenburg unde zu Lusitz unde
hertog zu Slezien

(Oct 1375) [7: dil 1; p.151; Doc.# 93]
< Wenceslas of Luxembourg (+1419), King of Bohemia, of the Romans ; Margrave of Brandenburg [1373-1378] >
Wenceslaus dei gracia Bohemie rex,
Brandemburgensis et Lusacie marchio et
Silesie dux

(May 1375) [7: dil 1; p.155; Doc.# 95]
Wir Wenczlaw von gotes gnaden kunig zu Beheim,
marggraff zu Brandemburg vnd zu Lusicz vnd
herczog zu Slesien


-- the 2nd form

King of Bohemia;
Margrave of Brandenburg;
Duke of Silesia;

@ Samples:

(Dec 1373) [8: Band 10; p.226; Doc.# 207]
< Wenceslas of Luxembourg (+1419), King of Bohemia, of the Romans; Margrave of Brandenburg [1373-1378]; >
Wir Wenczlaw von gotes gnaden Kunig czu Beheim,
Marggragf czu Brandemburg vnd
Herczog in Slesien

(1374) [1: Hauptheil I; Band II (1842); p.220; Doc.# XXVII]
< Wenceslas of Luxembourg (+1419), King of Bohemia, of the Romans; Margrave of Brandenburg [1373-1378]; with his brothers Sigismund (+1437) and John (+1396) >
Wir Wentzla, von gots gnaden Kunig zu Beheim,
Markgraue zu Brandenburg vnd
Hertzog in Slezien, vnd
wir Sigemund vnd Johanns Gebrudir von gots gnaden Markgrauen zu Brandemburg

(Feb 1375) [8: Band 10; p.257; Doc.# 246]
Wir Wenczlaw von [gots gnaden] Kunig zu Beheim,
Margraf zu Brandemburg vnd
Herzog zu Slezien

(Jan 1376) [8: Band 11; p.13; Doc.# 13]
Wenczeslaus dei gracia Boemie rex,
Brandenburgensis marchio et
Slesie dux






--- 1376-1378

@ Samples [Auxiliary]:

(Dec 1376) [8: Band 11; p.46; Doc.# 55]
< Charles IV (+1378), King of Bohemia 1346, of the Romans 1346; Emperor of the Romans 1355; with his son Wenceslas of Luxembourg (+1419), King of Bohemia, of the Romans; Margrave of Brandenburg [1373-1378] >
Wir Karl von gotis gnaden romischer keiser zu allen zeiten merer des reichs und kunig zu Beheim, und
wir Wenczlaw seyn son, von denseleben gnaden romischer kunig zu allen zeiten merer des reichs und kunig zu Beheim






>>> --- 1378-1396 ( John of Luxembourg in the New Mark )

Margrave of Brandenburg, Lusatia;
Duke of Görlitz;

@ Samples:

(Dec 1386) [1: Band XXIV; p.21; Doc.# XCLIX]
< John of Luxembourg (+1396), Margrave of Brandenburg (in the New Mark) 1373/1378, of Lusatia; Duke of Görlitz; a son of Charles IV, the Roman Emperor and King of Bohemia >
Wir Johann, von Gots Gnaden Marggraue zu Brandemburg vnd zu Lusitz vnd
hertzog zu Görlitz

(June 1388) [8: Band 11; p.424; Doc.# 482]
Johannes dei gracia marchio Brandenburgensis et Lusacie et
dux Gorlicensis

(June 1394) [8: Band 12; p.194; Doc.# 202]
Wir Johannes von gotes gnaden markgraff zu Brandemburg, zu Lusicz und
herzoge zu Gorlicz

(Mar 1396) [21: Band I; Abteilung 1; p.55; Doc.# 79]
Wir Johans, von Gots gnaden markgraff zu Brandemburg und zu Lusicz und
herzog zu Gorlicz






--- 1378-1387 ( Sigismund of Luxembourg )

Margrave of Brandenburg;

@ Samples:

(Feb 1379) [1: Hauptheil I; Band V (1845); p.125; Doc.# CXCIII]
< Sigismund of Luxembourg (+1437), Margrave of Brandenburg 1373; King of Hungary 1387, of Bohemia 1419; King of the Romans 1410/1411; the Roman Emperor 1433 >
Nos Sygisundus dei gratia Marchio Brandenburgensis
sacri Romani Imperii Archicamerarius

(Oct 1381) [1: Hauptheil I; Band V (1845); p.127; Doc.# CXCV]
Sigisundus dei gracia Marchio Brandemburgensis, necnon
Sacri Romani Imperii Archicamerarius

(May 1385) [8: Band 11; p.327; Doc.# 357]
Wir Sigmund von gottes gnaden marcgrafe zu Brandenburg und
des heiligen romischen reichs erczkamerer

(May 1386) [8: Band 11; p.354; Doc.# 396]
Nos Sigismundus dei gracia [marchio] Brandemburgensis,
sacri Romani Imperii archicamerarius

(Mar 1387) [1: Hauptheil I; Band V (1845); p.134; Doc.# CCIV]
Wir Sigmund, van gotes gnaden Marcgraue czu Brandenburg,
des Heiligen Romischen Reichs Ertzcamerer vnd
herre des Konigreiches czu Hungern, etc.






--- 1387-1397 ( Sigismund of Luxembourg )

King of Hungary, Dalmatia, Croatia, Rama, Serbia, Galicia, Lodomeria, Cumania, Bulgaria
Margrave of Brandenburg;

@ Added:

- [1387] Hungary, Dalmatia, Croatia, Rama, Serbia, Galicia, Lodomeria, Cumania, Bulgaria
Sigismund became King of Hungary (1387).

@ Samples:

(May 1387) [8: Band 11; p.381; Doc.# 431]
< Sigismund of Luxembourg (+1437), Margrave of Brandenburg [1373/1378-1397; 1411-1415]; King of Hungary 1387, of Bohemia 1419; King of the Romans 1410/1411; the Roman Emperor 1433 >
Nos Sigismundus dei gracia Hungarie Dalmacie Croacie Rame Servie Galicie Lodomerie Comanie Bulgarieque rex,
marchio Brandemburgensis,
sacri Romani Imperii archicamerarius, atque
Boemie et Luczemburgensis heres

(May 1388) [8: Band 11; p.420; Doc.# 478]
Sigismundus dei gracia Hungarie, Dalmacie, Croacie, Rame, Servie, Gallicie, Lodomerie, Comanie, Bulgarieque rex, ac
marchio Brandenburgensis,
sacri romani imperii archicamerarius, necnon
Boemie et Lucemburgensis heres

(Nov 1392) [13: vol.1; p.116; Doc.# CLXVI]
Sigismundus Dei gratia Hungarie, Dalmatie, Croatie, Rame, Servie, Gallicie, Lodomerie, Comanie, Bulgarieque rex, ac
marchio brandemburgensis,
sacri romani imperii archicamerarius, necnon
Bohemie et lucemburgensis heres






--- 1397-1405 ( Jost of Luxembourg )

Notes:
1. In 1376, Jost of Luxembourg (+1411) with his brothers Prokop(+1405) and John-Sobeslas (+1394) succeeded in Moravia after their father John, Margrave of Moravia. Jost, as the eldest son, received the territorial lordship in Moravia, and his title was "Margrave & Lord of Moravia".


Margrave of Brandenburg;
Margrave & Lord of Moravia;

@ Replaced:

- [1397] Hungary, Dalmatia, Croatia, Rama, Serbia, Galicia, Lodomeria, Cumania, Bulgaria with Moravia
Sigismund of Luxembourg made his cousin Jost a governor of Brandenburg (1388), then ceded him Brandenburg with the Electoral rights (1397).

@ Samples:

(May 1397) [8: Band 12; p.362; Doc.# 398]
< Jost of Luxembourg (+1411), Margrave of Brandenburg, of Moravia; King of the Romans 1410 >
Nos Jodocus dei gracia marchio Brandemburgensis,
sacri Romani imperii archicamerarius,
marchio et dominus Moravie

(1398) [1: Band IV; p.79; Doc.# I.LIII]
Wir Jost, von gotes gnaden margraf zu Brandemburg,
Margraf vnd herre czu Merhern
des heiligen Romischen Reiches Erczcamerer

(Nov 1398) [8: Band 12; p.442; Doc.# 497]
Jodocus dei gracia marchio Brandemburgensis,
sacri Romani imperii archicamerarius,
marchio et dominus Moravie

(Apr 1399) [8: Band 12; p.472; Doc.# 534]
Wir Jost von gotes gnaden margraf zu Brandemburg,
margraf und herre zu Merhern
des heiligen Romischen reiches erzcamerer






--- 1405-1411 ( Jost of Luxembourg )

-- the 1st form

Margrave of Brandenburg;
Margrave of Moravia;

@ Samples:

(May 1406) [21: Band I; Abteilung 1; p.60; Doc.# 87]
< Jost of Luxembourg (+1411), Margrave of Brandenburg, of Moravia; King of the Romans 1410 >
Wir Jost, von Gotes gnaden marggraff zu Brandemburg,
des heiligen Romischen reichs erzcamerer,
marggraff zu Merhern

(Aug 1408) [1: Hauptheil I; Band V (1845); p.168; Doc.# CCLVIII]
Wir Jost von gotes gnaden Margraff zu Brandemburg,
des heiligen Romischen Reichs Ertzcamerer vnd
Margraff zu Merhern etc.

(1409) [10: Theil 1; p.10; Doc.# XII]
Wir Jost von gotes gnaden Marggrave zu Brandenburg und zu Merhen,
des heiligen Romischen Riches Ertzkamerer

-- the 2nd form

Margrave of Brandenburg, Moravia;

@ Samples:

(June 1406) [1: Hauptheil I; Band V (1845); p.162; Doc.# CCXLVII]
< Jost of Luxembourg (+1411), Margrave of Brandenburg, of Moravia; King of the Romans 1410 >
Jodocus, dei gracia marchio Brandemburgensis et Morauie,
Sacri Romani imperii archicamerarius

(Aug 1408) [1: Hauptheil I; Band V (1845); p.168; Doc.# CCLVIII]
Wir Jost von gotes gnaden Margraff zu Brandemburg,
des heiligen Romischen Reichs Ertzcamerer vnd
Margraff zu Merhern etc.

(1408) [10: Theil 1; p.11; Doc.# XIII]
Wir Jost von gotes gnaden Marggrave zu Brandenburg und zu Merhenn,
des heiligen Romischen Ryches Ertzkamerer

(1409) [10: Theil 1; p.10; Doc.# XII]
Wir Jost von gotes gnaden Marggrave zu Brandenburg und zu Merhen,
des heiligen Romischen Riches Ertzkamerer






--- 1411-1415 ( Sigismund of Luxembourg )

Note:
1. In 1410, Sigismund of Luxembourg (+1437), was elected King of the Romans.

-- the 1st form

King of Hungary, Dalmatia, Croatia, Rama, Serbia, Galicia, Lodomeria, Cumania, Bulgaria;
Margrave of Brandenburg;

@ Replaced:

- [1411] Moravia with Hungary, Dalmatia, Croatia, Rama, Serbia, Galicia, Lodomeria, Cumania, Bulgaria
Sigismund of Luxembourg, King of the Romans and of Hungary, regained Brandenburg after the death of his cousin Jost of Luxembourg (+1411), Margrave of Moravia.
Sigismund appointed Frederick VI of Hohenzollern(+1440), Burgrave of Nuremberg, to govern the Margraviate of Brandenburg (1411).

@ Samples:

(Nov 1412) [13: vol.2; p.433; Doc.# XV]
< Sigismund of Luxembourg (+1437), Margrave of Brandenburg [1373/1378-1397; 1411-1415]; King of Hungary 1387, of Bohemia 1419; King of the Romans 1410/1411; the Roman Emperor 1433 >
Sigismundus Dei gratia romanorum rex semper augustus, ac
Hungarie, Dalmatie, Croatie, Rame, Servie, Gallicie, Lodomerie, Comanie, Bulgarieque rex,
marchio brandemburgensis, necnon
Bohemie et lucemburgensis heres

@ Samples [Governors]:

(1411) [10: Theil 1; p.44; Doc.# II]
< Frederick of Hohenzollern (+1440), Burgrave of Nuremberg 1398; Governor of Brandenburg 1411-1415; Margrave of Brandenburg 1415 >
Wir Fridrich von gotes gnaden burggrawe zu Niremberg
der Mark zu brandenburg obrister Verweser und Hauptman

(Sep 1411) [1: Hauptheil I; Band V (1845); p.174; Doc.# CCLXVII]
Wir Fridrich, von gotes gnaden Burggraue czu Nuremberg,
der Marcke czu Brandenburg obrister vorweser vnd hauptmann

(1413) [10: Theil 1; p.51; Doc.# XII]
Wir Fridrich von gotes gnaden Burggrave zu Nuremberg
Vorweser der Marcke Brandenburg

(1414) [1: Hauptheil I; Band I (1838); p.379; Doc.# V.XXVIII]
Wir Fridrich von gotes gnaden Burggrave zu Nurenberg
Oberster Vorweser der Marcke zu Brandenburg