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Brandenburg

Part I. The 12th century-1415.


Overview.

In 1134, Lothar, the Roman Emperor, gave the investiture of the North Mark to Albert "the Bear" (+1170), a representative of the House of Ascania. Fighting the neighboring Slavs (Wends) Albert extended the area of his Mark, and so became the founder of the Margraviate of Brandenburg.

The Margraves of Brandenburg were recognized as Electors and Arch-Chamberlains of the Holy Roman Empire by the mid-12th century, and this right was confirmed by the Golden Bull of Emperor Charles IV in 1356.

In 1258, John I (+1266) and Otto III (+1267), sons of Margrave Albert II, had agreed upon a division of their lands, but the arrangement only took effect on Otto's death in 1267, when John's son, John II., received the Otto Iv. electoral dignity, together with the southern part of the Margraviate, which centred around Stendal, and Otto's son, John III., the northern or Saltzwedel portion.

In 1317, the Line of Salzwedel became extinct, and its part of Brandenburg passed to the Line of Stendal.
In 1320 the Ascanian House of Brandenburg became extinct.

In 1323, Louis IV of Bavaria, King of the Romans , bestowed Brandenburg to his son Louis "the Elder" (+1361).
In 1373, Otto of Bavaria, Elector and Margrave of Brandenburg, sold Brandenburg to Charles IV of Luxembourg, Emperor of the Romans, who bestowed Brandenburg to his sons Wenceslaus (+1419), Sigismund (+1437) and John (+1396). In 1378, Brandenburg was divided between Sigismund (+1437) and John (+1396).
When 1396, Margrave John died Brandenburg was re-united.

In 1415, Sigismund of Luxembourg (+1437), ceded Brandenburg to Frederick VI of Hohenzollern, Burgrave of Nuremberg, who was formally invested with the electoral dignity in 1417.





Bibliography.

1. Riedel, Adolph Friedrich. Codex diplomaticus Brandenburgensis : Sammlung der Urkunden, Chroniken und sonstigen Quellenschriften für die Geschichte der Mark Brandenburg und ihrer Regenten (Berlin : F.H. Morin, 1838-1869).
2. Heinemann, Otto von. Codex diplomaticvs anhaltinvs (Dessau : A. Desbarats, 1867-83).
3. Hrubý, Václav. Archivum Coronae Regni Bohemiae (Pragae : Sumptibus Ministerii Scholarum et Instructionis Publicae, 1928-).
4. Mylius, Christian Otto. Corpus Constitutionum Marchicarum (Berlin : Buchladen des Waysenhauses, 1737-1755).
5. Martens, Georges Frédéric de. Recueil des principaux traités d’alliance, de paix, de trêve, de neutralité, de commerce, de limites, d’échange, etc., conclus par les puissances de l’Europe tant entre elles qu’avec les puissances et États dans d’autres parties du monde, depuis 1761 jusqu’à présent (Gottingue : Jean Chrétien Dieterich, 1791-1801; 7 vols).
6. Jahrbücher des Vereins für Meklenburgische Geschichte und Alterthumskunde (Schwerin : Commission in der Stillerschen Hofbuchhandlung, 1836-1930).
7. Celakovský, Jaromir, Haas, Antonin. Sbirka pramenu práva mestského královstvi ceského / Codex juris municipalis regni Bohemiae (Praga : Nakl. Obce kralovskeho hlavniho mesta Prahy, 1886- ).
8. Bocek, Antonin; Chytil, Josef; Chlumecky, Peter, Ritter von; Brandl, Vincenc; Bretholz, Bertold. Codex diplomaticus et epistolaris Moraviae (Olomucii : ex typographia Aloysii Skarnitzl, 1836-1903).
9. Codex diplomaticus Silesiae (Breslau : J. Max & Komp., 1857-1933).
10. Raumer, Georg Wilhelm von. Codex diplomaticus Brandenburgensis continuatus. Sammlung ungedruckter Urkunden zur brandenburgischen Geschichte (Berlin : F. Nicolai, 1831-1833).
11. Novum corpus constitutionum Prussico-Brandenburgensium praecipue marchicarum, oder, neue Sammlung Königl. Preussl. und Churfürstl. Brandenburgischer,... Ordnungen, edicten, mandaten, rescripten, &c. &c. vom Anfang des Jahrs 1751. und folgenden Zeiten (Berlin : 1753-1822).
12. Gesetz-Sammlung für die königlich preussischen Staaten, 1806-1883 (Berlin : C. Heymanns Verlag, 1884).
13. Thallóczy, Lajos; Barabás, Samu. Codex diplomaticus comitum de Frangepanibus = A Frangepán család oklevéltára (Budapest : A Magyar Tud. Akadémia, 1910-) [Monumenta Hungariae historica; I. Diplomataria; 35, 38].
14. Devillers, Léopold. Cartulaire des comtes de Hainaut de l'avènement de Guillaume II a la mort de Jacqueline de Bavière. 1337-1436 (Bruxelles : F. Hayez, 1881-1896).
15. Fritsch, Ahasver. Quaestor Peccans, Sive Tractatus de Peccatis Quaestorum et Officialium (Norimbergae : Apud Wolfgangum Mauritium Endterum, 1684).
16. Orzechowski, Kazimierz. Terytorialne podzialy na Slasku [Kwartalnik Opolski, t. 17 (1971), z. 2 – 4, t. 18 (1972) ].
17. Quantz, Johann Joahim. Versuch einer Anweisung die Flöte traversiere zu spielen (Berlin : Voss, 1752).
18. Schrader, Wilhelm. Geschichte der Friedrichs-Universität zu Halle (Berlin : Ferd. Dümmlers Verlagsbuchhandlung, 1894).
19. Bärmeyer, Johann Georg Hermann. Gedenck-, Stadt- und Huth-Buch. Chronik der Stadt Feuchtwangen (Handschrift von 1736; Abschrift).
20. Königlich Preußisches Patent an die sämmtlichen geistlichen und weltlichen Stände und Einwohner des Stifts Paderborn (Königsberg : 1802).
21. Theuner, Emil; Lippert, Wold. Urkundenbuch zur Geschichte des Markgraftums Nieder-Lausitz (Lübben : 1897-).
22. Stillfried, Rudolph (Freiherr) von; Maercker, Traugott. Monumenta Zollerana : Urkunden-Buch zur Geschichte des Hauses Hohenzollern (Berlin : Ernst & Korn, 1852-).
23. Weizsäcker, Julius. Deutsche Reichstagsakten unter König Wenzel (München : Cotta, 1867-) [Deutsche Reichstagsakten].
24. Kerler, Dietrich. Deutsche Reichstagsakten unter Kaiser Sigmund (München : Oldenbourg, 1878-) [Deutsche Reichstagsakten; 7].
25. Lacomblet, Theodor Joseph. Urkundenbuch für die Geschichte des Niederrheins oder des Erzstifts Cöln, der Fürstenthümer Jülich und Berg, Geldern, Meurs, Cleve und Mark, und der Reichsstifte Elten, Essen und Werden (Düsseldorf : J. Wolf, 1840-1858).
26. Gelbe, Richard. Herzog Johann von Görlitz. Inaugural-Dissertation (Görlitz : 1883).





Geographical names.

Bavaria -> Bayern (in Germany).
Goritia -> Görz (in Italy).
Lusatia->Lausitz (in Germany).
Nuremberg->Nürnberg (in Bavaria, Germany).
the Wends (Slavs) -> Wenden; Vandalorum;






First (Christian) names.

Albert -> Albertus; Albrecht;
Frederick -> Fridericus, Friedrich;
John -> Johannes; Johann / Hans;
Jost -> Jodocus; Jobst;
Louis -> Ludovicus; Ludwig;
William -> Guillelmus; Wilhelm; Guillaume;
Waldemar -> Woldemarus / Waldemarus; Valdemar;






--- the 12th century-1220

Margrave of Brandenburg;

@ Samples:

(1188) [1: Hauptheil I; Band V (1845); p.21; Doc.# I]
< Otto II (+1205), Margrave of Brandenburg 1184 >
Ego secundus Otto, dei gratia marchio in brandenburch

(1190) [1: Hauptheil I; Band V (1845); p.25; Doc.# IX]
Ego secundus Otto, dei gratia in brandenburg marchio

(July 1208) [1: Hauptheil I; Band III (1843); p.89; Doc.# XI]
< Albert II (+1220), Margrave of Brandenburg 1205 >
Ego Albertus dei gratia Brandenburgensium marchio

(June 1209) [1: Hauptheil I; Band V (1845); p.29; Doc.# XIX]
Albertus dei gratia marchio brandeburgensis









Brandenburg-Salzwedel


--- 1220-1303

Margrave of Brandenburg;

@ Samples:

(June 1275) [1: Hauptheil I; Band III (1843); p.344; Doc.# XII]
< Otto V (+1298) and Albert III(+1300), Margrave of Brandenburg 1267 >
Nos Otto et Albertus, dei gracia marchiones Brandenburgenses

(1283) [1: Hauptheil I; Band II (1842); p.329; Doc.# I]
< Albert III (+1300), Margrave of Brandenburg >
Albertus dei gratia Marchio Brandenburgensis

(Jan 1297) [2: Theil 2; p.577; Doc.# 827]
< Hermann (+1308), Margrave of Brandenburg 1298 >
Hermannus Dei gratia Brandenburgensis marchio

(Mar 1300) [2: Theil 2; p.612; Doc.# 879]
< Albert III (+1300), Margrave of Brandenburg >
Nos Albertus Dei gratia marchio Brandenburgensis






--- 1303-1312

Margrave of Brandenburg, Lusatia;
Lord of Henneberg;

@ Added:

- Lusatia
Margrave Hermann (+1308) purchased Lusatia (1303).

- Henneberg
Margrave Otto V "der Lange" (+1298) married Jutta of Hennenberg (+ca.1317). She inherited Coburg and Schmalkalden after her brother Poppo VIII (+1291),Count of Hennenberg-Schmalkalden-Coburg.

@ Samples:

(1303) [1: Hauptheil I; Band I (1838); p.125; Doc.# II.VI]
< Hermann (+1308), Margrave of Brandenburg 1298 >
We Herman, van der gnade Godts Marcgreue tu Brandenborch vnd tu Lusitz vnd
here tu Hennenberghe

(June 1307) [1: Hauptheil I; Band III (1843); p.351; Doc.# XXIV]
Nos hermannus, dei gratia Marchio Brandenborgensis et lusatie et
dominus de Hinnenbergk






--- 1312-1317

Margrave of Brandenburg, Lusatia;

@ Removed:

- Henneberg
Margrave John (+1317), grandson of Otto V "der Lange" and Jutta, ceded Coburg and Schmalkalden to Berthold VII (+1340), Count of Hennenberg-Schleusingingen (1312).

@ Samples:

(Apr 1315) [21: Band I; Abteilung 1; p.14; Doc.# 19]
< John (+1317), Margrave of Brandenburg >
nos Johannes, dei gratia Brandenburgensis et Lusaciae marchio

(1315) [1: Hauptheil I; Band II (1842); p.79; Doc.# II]
Nos Johannes dei gracia Brandenborgensis et Lusatie Marchio

(1316) [1: Hauptheil I; Band II (1842); p.206; Doc.# VI]
Nos Johannes dei gratia brandenborgensis et Lusatie Marchio

(1317) [1: Hauptheil I; Band I (1838); p.131; Doc.# II.XVI]
Nos Johanns Dei gracia brandenbergensis et Lusacie Marchio









Brandenburg-Stendal


--- 1220-1291

Margrave of Brandenburg;

@ Samples:

(July 1238) [6: vol.14 (Year 1849); p.274]
< John I (+1266) & Otto III (+1267), brothers, Margraves of Brandenburg 1220 >
Johanes et Otto dei gracia marchiones de Brandeborch

(1263) [1: Hauptheil I; Band II (1842); p.202; Doc.# I]
Johannes dei gracia marchio Brandenburgensis

(Aug 1276) [1: Hauptheil I; Band V (1845); p.40; Doc.# XL]
< John II (+1281), Otto IV (+1308), Conrad (+1304), brothers, Margraves of Brandenburg 1266 >
Nos Johannes, Otto et Conradus Dei gratia Marchiones Brandenburgenses

(1291) [1: Hauptheil I; Band I (1838); p.247; Doc.# III.XII]
< Otto IV (+1308), Margrave of Brandenburg 1266 >
nos Otto, dei gracia marchio brandenburgensis






--- 1291-1305

Margrave of Brandenburg, Landsberg;

@ Added:

- Landsberg
The Margraves of Brandenbourg acquired Landsberg from the House of Wettin (1291).

@ Samples:

(1291) [1: Hauptheil I; Band IV (1844); p.392; Doc.# III.I]
< Otto IV (+1308) and Conrad (+1304), brothers, Margraves of Brandenburg 1266; with John IV (+1305) and Otto VII (+1297/8) >
Otto, Conradus, Johannes et Otto, Dei gratia Marchiones Brandenburg. et de Landesberg

(1293) [1: Hauptheil I; Band IV (1844); p.392; Doc.# III.II]
Nos Otto et Conradus, Johannes et Otto, Dei gratia Marchiones Brandenburg. et de Landesberg

(Apr 1299) [2: Theil 2; p.601; Doc.# 865]
< Otto IV (+1308), Conrad (+1304), and Henry I (+1318), brothers, Margraves of Brandenburg 1266 >
Nos Otto, Conradus et Henricus Dei gratia Brandenburgenses et de Landesberge marchiones

(Feb 1305) [10: Theil 1; p.27; Doc.# XXXVII]
< Otto IV (+1308), with John IV (+1305) and Waldemar (+1319), Margraves of Brandenburg >
Nos Otto Johannes et Woldemarus dei gratia Brandenburgensis et de Landesberch Marchiones






--- 1305-1314

Margrave of Brandenburg, Lusatia, Landsberg

@ Added:

- Lusatia

@ Samples:

(1306) [1: Hauptheil I; Band I (1838); p.480; Doc.# VIII.II]
< Otto IV (+1308), with Waldemar (+1319), Margraves of Brandenburg >
Nos Otto et Woldemarus, dei gratia Brandenburgenses, Lusatcie et de Landysberch Marchiones

(June 1307) [1: Hauptheil I; Band III (1843); p.352; Doc.# XXV]
Nos Otto et Waldemarus, dei gratia Brandenburgensis, lusatie et de landesberch Marchiones

(Sep 1308) [2: Theil 3; p.114; Doc.# 172]
< Waldemar (+1319), Margrave of Brandenburg 1304 >
Nos Waldemarus Dei gracia Brandenburghensis, Lusacie et de Landesberg marchio
tutorque incliti Johannes de Brandenborch marchionis

(Jan 1311) [1: Hauptheil I; Band V (1845); p.61; Doc.# LXXX]
Nos Woldemarus, dei gratia Brandenburgensis, Lusacie et de Landesberch Marchio

(June 1314) [1: Hauptheil I; Band V (1845); p.62; Doc.# LXXXII]
Nos Woldemarus, dei gratia Brandenburgensis, Lusacie et de Landesberge marchio






--- 1314-1321

Margrave of Brandenburg, Lusatia;

@ Removed:

- Landsberg

@ Samples:

(1314) [10: Theil 1; p.29; Doc.# XLI]
< Waldemar (+1319), Margrave of Brandenburg 1304 >
Wye Woldemer van Godes Gnaden Margreue tu Brandenborgh und Lusitz

(1317) [4: Theil 6; Abtheilung 1; p.3; Doc.# II]
nos Woldemarus Dei gratia Brandenburgensis & Lusacie Marchio

(Mar 1319) [1: Hauptheil I; Band V (1845); p.67; Doc.# XCIII]
Nos Woldemarus dei gracia Brandenburgensis et Lusacie marchio

(1321) [10: Theil 1; p.6; Doc.# VI]
Nos Woldemarus dei gratia brandenburg et lusatiae marchio






--- 1305-1320 ( Henry I & Henry II )

Margrave of Brandenburg, Landsberg

@ Samples:

(Jan 1311) [2: Theil 3; p.148; Doc.# 226]
< Henry I (+1318), Margrave of Brandenburg >
We Henrich von der ghenade Goddes markgreve von Brandeborch unde von Landesberch

(July 1312) [2: Theil 3; p.175; Doc.# 268]
We Henrich von der ghenade Goddes markgreve tho Brandeborch unde tho Landesberch






--- 1321-1323 ( Interregnum )






--- 1323-1342 ( Louis of Bavaria )

Margrave of Brandenburg, Lusatia;
Count-Palatine of the Rhine;
Duke in Bavaria;

@ Added:

- [1324] the Rhine, Bavaria
Louis IV, King of the Romans, bestowed Brandenburg to his son Louis "the Elder" (+1361) (1323).

@ Samples:

(1325) [1: Hauptheil I; Band II (1842); p.265; Doc.# VI]
< Louis (+1361), Margrave of Brandenburg [1323-1351]; Duke of Bavaria; ~ 1342 Margaret (+1369), Countess of Tyrol >
Nos Lodewicus dei gracia Brandenburgensis et Lusacie marchio,
comes palatinus Reni,
dux Bauarie,
sacri Imperii archicamerarius

(1328) [1: Hauptheil I; Band II (1842); p.272; Doc.# XII]
Nos Ludowicus Dei gratia Brandenburgensis et Lusacie Marchio,
[Comes] Palatinus Renj,
Dux Bauarie,
sacri Imperij Archicamerarius

(Mar 1339) [21: Band IV; p.9; Doc.# 11]
nos Ludowicus dei gracia Brandinburgensis et Lusacie marchio,
comes palatinus Reni,
dux Bavarie,
sacrique Romani imperii archicamerarius

(Mar 1342) [10: Theil 1; p.1; Doc.# II]
Ludewicus dei gratia Brandemburgensis et Lusatiae Marchio,
comes palatinus reni,
dux bavariae,
sacrique Romani Imperii Archicamerarius






--- 1342-1351 ( Louis of Bavaria )

-- the 1st form

Margrave of Brandenburg, Lusatia;
Count-Palatine of the Rhine;
Duke in Bavaria, Carinthia;
Count of Tyrol, Goritia;
Advocate of Aquilea, Trident, Brixen;

@ Added:

- [1342] Carinthia, Tyrol, Goritia, Aquilea, Trident, Brixen
Margrave Louis "the Elder" (+1361) married Margaret "Maultasche", Countess of Tyrol (1342).

@ Samples:

(May 1349) [8: Band 7; p.655; Doc.# 926]
< Louis (+1361), Margrave of Brandenburg [1323-1351]; Duke of Bavaria; ~ 1342 Margaret (+1369), Countess of Tyrol >
Wir Ludwig von Gottes Gnaden Marggraff zu Brandenburg und zu Lusitz,
Pfalzgraff beim Rein,
Hertzog yn Beyern und yn Kernten,
des heiligen Römischen Reichs Oberster Cammerer,
Graff zu Tyrol und zu Görtz und
Vogt der Gottsheuser Agley, Trient und Brixsen

(Dec 1351) [1: Hauptheil I; Band IV (1844); p.57; Doc.# I.XXVIII]
Ludowicus Dei gratia Brandenburgensis et Lusacie Marchio,
sacri Romani Imperii Archicamerarius,
Comes palatinus Reni,
Bauarie et Karinthie dux,
Tirolis et Goricie Comes, necnon
Aquilegiensis, Tridentinensis et Brixensis advocatus

(Sep 1351) [3: tomus II; p.250; Doc.# 207]
Wir Ludowig von gots genaden marggrafe ze Brandenburg und ze Lusiczz,
des heiligen Römischen reiches oberster kamrer,
pfallenczgrafe bey Reyn,
herczog in Peyern und in Kernten,
grafe ze Tirol und ze Gortz und
vogt der gotshüser Agley, Triende und Brihsen


-- the 2nd form

Margrave of Brandenburg, Lusatia;
Count-Palatine of the Rhine;
Duke in Bavaria, Carinthia;
Count of Tyrol, Goritia;

@ Samples:

(1348) [10: Theil 1; p.17; Doc.# XXI]
< Louis (+1361), Margrave of Brandenburg [1323-1351]; Duke of Bavaria; ~ 1342 Margaret (+1369), Countess of Tyrol >
nos Ludovicus dei gratia Brandenburg. et Lusaciae Marchio,
Comes palatinus Rheni,
Dux Bavariae & Carinthiae,
sacrique romani imperii Archicamerarius,
Tirolis & Goricie comes

(1350) [1: Hauptheil I; Band IV (1844); p.56; Doc.# I.XXVII]
Wy Lvdowich, von godes gnaden markgreue tu brandenborch vnd tu Lusicz,
des heilgen romeschen rykes ouerste kemerer,
pallanczgreue by dem rin,
Hertoge in beiern vnd in kernthen,
Greue tu Tyrol vnd tu Gorcz, vnd
wy Lodewich die Romer van den seluen gnade Hertoge tu beiern,
pallanzgreue by dem ryn






>>> --- 1348-1350 ( the False Waldemar )

Notes.
In 1348, an old man appeared in Brandenburg who claimed to be the Margrave Waldemar of Brandenburg who really died in 1319. This false Waldemar was recognized by the King of Poland, and other neighboring rulers. He was welcomed by a large number of the people in Brandenburg. Charles IV, King of the Romans, who seized this opportunity to deal a blow at his enemy Elector Louis of Bavaria, invested the false Waldemar with the Margraviate of Brandenburg (1348). This step compelled Louis to make peace with King Charles IV, who abandoned the false Waldemar and invested Louis with Brandenburg, and in return was recognized as king. By 1350, Elector Louis of Bavaria had driven his opponent from the land, and the false Woldermar retired to the court of his "relatives", the Princes of Anhalt, who recognized him as Head of their ruling House of Ascania. There he died at in 1356.


Margrave of Brandenburg, Lusatia, Landsberg;

@ Samples:

(1348) [1: Hauptheil I; Band III (1843); p.378; Doc.# LXXI]
Wy Woldemar, van der Ghnade Godes tho Brandenborg, tho Lusitz, vnd tho Landsberghe Marggreue, unde
des heiligen Römischen Rikes ouerste Kemerer

(Jan 1349) [2: Theil 3; p.604; Doc.# 853]
Wy Woldemar, van der gnade Godes tu Brandenborch, tu Lusitz, unde tu Landesberch markgreve, unde
overster kemerer des hilgen Romischen rikes

(Apr 1349) [2: Theil 3; p.609; Doc.# 857]
Wie Woldemar van Godes gnaden marcgrave tu Brandenborch, tu Lusitz, tu Landesberch unnd
overste kamerer des heiligen Romischen rykes

(May 1350) [2: Theil 3; p.643; Doc.# 904]
< the false Waldemar with his "relatives" Rudolf and Albert, Dukes of Saxony, and Albert and Waldemar, Princes of Anhalt >
Wy Woldemar von der Godes genaden thù Brandenbùrgk, thù Lusitz und thù Landessbergh marggrave und
des heiligen Romischen rikes oversthe kemerer,
wi Rudolff marggraff und Albrecht unnsse veddere van dersulven gnaden Godes hertzogen thù Sassen, und
wy Albrecht und Woldemar van dersulven gnade Godes fursten thù Ahnhalt und
greve thu Asschanien






--- 1351-1367 ( Louis "the Roman" & Otto of Bavaria )

Margrave of Brandenburg, Lusatia;
Count-Palatine of the Rhine;
Duke in Bavaria;

@ Removed:

- [1351] Carinthia, Tyrol, Goritia, Aquilea, Trident, Brixen
Elector-Margrave Louis "the Elder" ceded Brandenburg to his brothers Louis "the Roman" and Otto in exchange for the sole rule of Upper Bavaria (1351).

@ Samples:

(Jan 1352) [2: Theil 4; p.21; Doc.# 26]
< Louis "the Roman" (+1365), Margrave of Brandenburg 1351; Duke of Bavaria-Munich >
Wi Lodowich die Römer van Gods gnaden marggreve tu Brandenborch und tu Lusitz,
des heiligen Römischen rikes overste kemerer,
phallanzgreve bie Ryne und
hertoge in Beyern

(Jan 1360) [1: Hauptheil II; Band II (1845); p.424; Doc.# MXXXIV]
nos Ludovicus Romanus et Otto, Fratres, Dei gratia Marchiones Brandenburgenses et Lusatie,
sacri Romani Imperi Archicamerarii,
Comites Palatini Rheni et
Bavarie Duces

(Apr 1364) [1: Hauptheil II; Band II (1845); p.465; Doc.# MLXXII]
< Otto (+1379), Margrave of Brandenburg [1351/1365-1373]; Duke of Bavaria-Munich >
Wir Otte von gots gnaden marggraue zu Brandemburg,
des heiligen Romischen reichs obirster camerer,
pfalenczgrau by Ryne vnd
hertzog in Beyern

(Nov 1366) [1: Hauptheil II; Band II (1845); p.479; Doc.# MLXXXVI]
Wir Otte von gots gnaden marggrafe zu Brandemburg vnd czu Lusitz,
des heiligen Reichs erczcamerer,
pfalczgrafe bey Rein vnd
hertzog in Beyren

@ Samples [Auxiliary]:

(Aug 1354) [8: Band 8; p.221; Doc.# 275]
< Louis (+1361), Margrave of Brandenburg [1323-1351]; Duke of Bavaria; ~ 1342 Margaret (+1369), Countess of Tyrol >
Wir Ludwig von gotts gnaden Margraue zu Brandenburgk vnd zu Lusicz,
des heiligen Remischen Reichs oberster Camrer,
Phalentzgraue bey rein,
Hercsogk in Bayern und in Kärnten,
Graue zu Tirol vnd zu Gortz vnd
vogt der Gotsheuser Agley, Triend vnd Prihsen






--- 1367-1373 ( Otto of Bavaria )

Margrave of Brandenburg;
Count-Palatine of the Rhine;
Duke in Bavaria;

@ Removed:

- [1367] Lusatia
Margrave Otto of Brandeburg ceded the Upper Lusatia to the Duke of Swidnica / Schweidnitz (Oct 1367) [1: Hauptheil II; Band II (1845); p.482; Doc.# MLXXXIX].

@ Samples:

(Oct 1367) [1: Hauptheil II; Band II (1845); p.482; Doc.# MLXXXIX]
< Otto (+1379), Margrave of Brandenburg [1351/1365-1373]; Duke of Bavaria-Munich >
Wir Otte von gotes genaden marggraff zu Brandemburg,
des heiligen reiches ertzcamerer,
pfallentzgraff bei Reyn vnd
hertzog in Beyern

(June 1369) [2: Theil 4; p.255; Doc.# 384]
Wir Otte von Gotes gnaden marcgrave tzu Brandenborch,
des heiligen Romischen riches oberste camerer,
pfalantzgrave bie Ryne und
hertzoge in Beyern

(Jan 1370) [1: Hauptheil II; Band II (1845); p.496; Doc.# MCII]
Wir Otte von gotis gnaden Marggraue zu Brandenburg,
des heiligen Romischen richs vbirster Kamerer,
pfallantzgraue bei Ryne vnd
hertzoge in Beiern

(Aug 1373) [1: Hauptheil II; Band III (1846); p.15; Doc.# MCXLIV]
Wir Otte, von gotes gnaden marggraue zu Brandemburg,
des heiigen romischen richs erczecamerer,
pfalczgraue bie Ryne vnd
herczog zu Beyern

@ Samples [Auxiliary]:

(1371) [1: Hauptheil I; Band IV (1844); p.64; Doc.# I.XXXVII]
< Frederick (+1393), Duke of Bavaria 1375, in Bavaria-Landshut 1392 >
Wir Friderich, von gotis gnaden Marggraue zu Brandenburg,
Pfalanzgraue by Ryne vnd
herczoge in Beyern






--- 1373-1376 ( Wenceslas of Luxembourg )

King of Bohemia;
Margrave of Brandenburg;
Duke of Silesia;

@ Replaced:

- [1373] the Rhine, Bavaria with Bohemia, Silesia
By the treaty of Fürstenwalde, Margrave Otto of Brandenburg sold his Margraviate to Emperor Charles IV. Charles IV gave Brandenburg to his sons, Wenceslas, Co-king in Bohemia, Sigismund and John (1373). Otto kept the electoral dignity for the rest of his life.
Notes. 1. In 1363, Louis "the Roman" and Otto, Margraves of Brandenburg, agreed that in the event they died childless, Brandenburg would pass to the elder son of Charles IV, Emperor and King of Bohemia, Wenceslas who assumed the title of Margrave of Brandenburg.
2. Wenceslas, son of Charles IV and Anna of Swidnica (+1362), was recognized as heir to Bolko II (+1368), Duke of Silesia in Swidnica. In 1392, after the death of Agnes of Austria, widow of Bolko II, Swidnica passed to Wenceslas.

@ Samples:

(Dec 1373) [8: Band 10; p.226; Doc.# 207] [1: Hauptheil I; Band III (1843); p.295; Doc.# X]
< Wenceslas of Luxembourg (+1419), King of Bohemia, of the Romans; Margrave of Brandenburg [1373-1376]; >
Wir Wenczlaw von gotes gnaden Kunig czu Beheim,
Marggragf czu Brandemburg vnd
Herczog in Slesien

(May 1374) [1: Hauptheil II; Band III (1846); p.39-40; Doc.# MCLXI]
Wir Wenzlaw von Gotes Gnaden Küng zu Beheim,
Marggraf zu Brandenburg vnd
Hertzog in Schlesien, vnd
Wir Sigemund vnd Johanns gebrüdere von Gotes Gnaden Marggrauen zu Brandenburg

(July 1374) [1: Hauptheil II; Band III (1846); p.47; Doc.# MCLXIII]
Wir Karl von Gots gnaden Rom. Keyser zu allen Zeiten Merer des Reichs,
wir Wenzlaw von denselben gnaden Kunig zu Beheim,
Marggraf zu Brandenburg und
Hertzog in Slesien vnd
wir Sigemund vnd Johans Margrauen zu Brandenburg,
des vorgenanten Keysers Sone

(Feb 1375) [8: Band 10; p.257; Doc.# 246]
Wir Wenczlaw von [gots gnaden] Kunig zu Beheim,
Margraf zu Brandemburg vnd
Herzog zu Slezien

(Jan 1376) [8: Band 11; p.13; Doc.# 13]
Wenczeslaus dei gracia Boemie rex,
Brandenburgensis marchio et
Slesie dux

@ Samples [Auxiliary]:

(Oct 1374) [1: Hauptheil II; Band III (1846); p.55; Doc.# MCLXXII]
< Otto (+1379), Margrave of Brandenburg [1351/1365-1373] >
Wir von Gotes genaden Otto, dez heyligen romischen reiches erczkamerer vnd kurfurste,
pfallenczgraf by Rein vnd
herczog in Beyern etc.

(June 1376) [1: Hauptheil II; Band III (1846); p.57; Doc.# MCLXXV]
Wihr Otto des heiligen Römischen Reichs Erzkamerer vndt Churfürst,
Pfalczgraff bein Rhein vnd
Herczog in Bayern






--- 1376-1387 ( Sigismund of Luxembourg )

Margrave of Brandenburg;

@ Samples:

(June 1376) [23: Abtheilung I (1867); p.72-73; Doc.# 46]
< Election of Wenceslas as King of the Romans >
< Sigismund of Luxembourg (+1437), Margrave of Brandenburg [1373/1376-1397; 1411-1415]; King of Hungary 1387, of Bohemia 1419; King (Emperor 1433) of the Romans 1410; ~ 1385 Mary I (+1395), Queen of Hungary [1382-1385; 1386-1395] >
Wir Sigmund von gotis gnaden marggrave zu Brandemburg,
des heiligen Romischen reichs erczcamerer und kurfurste

(Feb 1379) [1: Hauptheil I; Band V (1845); p.125; Doc.# CXCIII]
Nos Sygisundus dei gratia Marchio Brandenburgensis
sacri Romani Imperii Archicamerarius

(Oct 1381) [1: Hauptheil I; Band V (1845); p.127; Doc.# CXCV]
Sigisundus dei gracia Marchio Brandemburgensis, necnon
Sacri Romani Imperii Archicamerarius

(May 1385) [8: Band 11; p.327; Doc.# 357]
Wir Sigmund von gottes gnaden marcgrafe zu Brandenburg und
des heiligen romischen reichs erczkamerer

(Mar 1387) [1: Hauptheil I; Band V (1845); p.134; Doc.# CCIV]
Wir Sigmund, van gotes gnaden Marcgraue czu Brandenburg,
des Heiligen Romischen Reichs Ertzcamerer vnd
herre des Konigreiches czu Hungern, etc.

@ Samples [Auxiliary]:

(Dec 1376) [8: Band 11; p.46; Doc.# 55]
< Charles (+1378), King of Bohemia 1346, of the Romans 1346; Emperor of the Romans (Charles IV) 1355; with his son, Wenceslas of Luxembourg (+1419), King of Bohemia, of the Romans; Margrave of Brandenburg [1373-1376] >
Wir Karl von gotis gnaden romischer keiser zu allen zeiten merer des reichs und kunig zu Beheim, und
wir Wenczlaw seyn son, von denseleben gnaden romischer kunig zu allen zeiten merer des reichs und kunig zu Beheim

(Mar 1384) [26: p.157; Doc.# XIII]
< John of Luxembourg (+1396), Margrave of Brandenburg (in the New Mark), of Lusatia; Duke of Görlitz; son of Charles IV, Emperor of the Romans >
Wir Johannes von gotes gnaden herczog zu Gorlitz vnd
markgraue zu Lausitz

(Nov 1384) [26: p.158; Doc.# XV]
Wir Hanns von gotes gnaden Herczoge zu Gorlitz vnd
Margg. zu Lusicz

(Jan 1385) [26: p.159; Doc.# XVI]
Wir Hanns, von gots gnaden, herczoge zu Gorlicz,
marggraffe czu Lusicz vnde in der newen marke

(May 1386) [26: p.163; Doc.# XX]
Wir Hans, von gots gnaden, hertzog zu Görlicz vnnd
marggraue zu Lusicz vnnd in der Newe Marke

(Oct 1387) [26: p.165; Doc.# XXIII]
Wir Hans, von gocz gnaden herczoge czu Gorlicz vnd
marggrave czu Lausicz vnd eyn der newen marke






>>> --- 1388-1396 ( John of Luxembourg )

Margrave of Brandenburg, Lusatia;
Duke of Görlitz;

@ Samples:

(Dec 1388) [1: Hauptheil I; Band XXIV (1863); p.89; Doc.# CXLIX]
< John of Luxembourg (+1396), Margrave of Brandenburg (in the New Mark), of Lusatia; Duke of Görlitz; son of Charles IV, Emperor of the Romans >
Wir Johann, von Gots Gnaden Marggraue zu Brandemburg vnd zu Lusitz vnd
hertzog zu Görlitz

(Feb 1389) [26: p.170; Doc.# XXIX]
Wir Johann, von gotis gnaden markgrave czu Brandenburgh vnd czu Lusicz vnd
herczoge czu Gorlicz

(June 1394) [8: Band 12; p.194; Doc.# 202]
Wir Johannes von gotes gnaden markgraff zu Brandemburg, zu Lusicz und
herzoge zu Gorlicz

(Mar 1396) [21: Band I; Abteilung 1; p.55; Doc.# 79]
Wir Johans, von Gots gnaden markgraff zu Brandemburg und zu Lusicz und
herzog zu Gorlicz






--- 1387-1397 ( Sigismund of Luxembourg )

King of Hungary, Dalmatia, Croatia, Rama, Serbia, Galicia, Lodomeria, Cumania, Bulgaria
Margrave of Brandenburg;

@ Added:

- [1387] Hungary, Dalmatia, Croatia, Rama, Serbia, Galicia, Lodomeria, Cumania, Bulgaria
Sigismund became King of Hungary (1387).

@ Samples:

(May 1387) [8: Band 11; p.381; Doc.# 431]
< Sigismund of Luxembourg (+1437), Margrave of Brandenburg [1373/1376-1397; 1411-1415]; King of Hungary 1387, of Bohemia 1419; King (Emperor 1433) of the Romans 1410; ~ 1385 Mary I (+1395), Queen of Hungary [1382-1385; 1386-1395] >
Nos Sigismundus dei gracia Hungarie Dalmacie Croacie Rame Servie Galicie Lodomerie Comanie Bulgarieque rex,
marchio Brandemburgensis,
sacri Romani Imperii archicamerarius, atque
Boemie et Luczemburgensis heres

(May 1388) [8: Band 11; p.420; Doc.# 478]
Sigismundus dei gracia Hungarie, Dalmacie, Croacie, Rame, Servie, Gallicie, Lodomerie, Comanie, Bulgarieque rex, ac
marchio Brandenburgensis,
sacri romani imperii archicamerarius, necnon
Boemie et Lucemburgensis heres

(Nov 1392) [13: kötet 1; p.116; Doc.# CLXVI]
Sigismundus Dei gratia Hungarie, Dalmatie, Croatie, Rame, Servie, Gallicie, Lodomerie, Comanie, Bulgarieque rex, ac
marchio brandemburgensis,
sacri romani imperii archicamerarius, necnon
Bohemie et lucemburgensis heres






--- 1397-1410 ( Jost of Luxembourg )

Margrave of Brandenburg;
Margrave & Lord of Moravia;

@ Replaced:

- [1397] Hungary, Dalmatia, Croatia, Rama, Serbia, Galicia, Lodomeria, Cumania, Bulgaria with Moravia
Sigismund of Luxembourg ceded Brandenburg with the Electoral rights to his cousin Jost (1397).
Notes. 1. Jost was Governor of Brandenburg since 1388.
2. In 1376, Jost of Luxembourg with his brothers Prokop (+1405) and John-Sobeslas (+1394) succeeded in Moravia. Jost, as the eldest son, received the territorial lordship in Moravia, and his title was "Margrave & Lord of Moravia".

@ Samples:

(May 1397) [8: Band 12; p.362; Doc.# 398]
< Jost of Luxembourg (+1411), Margrave of Brandenburg, of Moravia; King of the Romans 1410 >
Nos Jodocus dei gracia marchio Brandemburgensis,
sacri Romani imperii archicamerarius,
marchio et dominus Moravie

(Nov 1398) [8: Band 12; p.442; Doc.# 497]
Jodocus dei gracia marchio Brandemburgensis,
sacri Romani imperii archicamerarius,
marchio et dominus Moravie

(Apr 1399) [8: Band 12; p.472; Doc.# 534]
Wir Jost von gotes gnaden margraf zu Brandemburg,
margraf und herre zu Merhern
des heiligen Romischen reiches erzcamerer

(Nov 1403) [1: Hauptheil II; Band III (1846); p.164; Doc.# MCCLXXIX]
Wir Jost von gotes gnaden Marggraff zu Brandemburg,
des heiligen Romischen Reichs Erz-Camerer,
Marggraffe vnd Herre zu Merhern etc.

(May 1406) [21: Band I; Abteilung 1; p.60; Doc.# 87]
Wir Jost, von Gotes gnaden marggraff zu Brandemburg,
des heiligen Romischen reichs erzcamerer,
marggraff zu Merhern

(Sep 1410) [24: Abtheilung I (1878); p.64; Doc.# 45]
Wir Jost von gots gnaden marggrave zu Brandenburg,
des heiligen richs erz-kamerer und
marggrave zu Merern






--- 1410-1411 ( Jost of Luxembourg )

Note.
1. In 1410, Jost of Luxembourg, Margrave of Brandenburg, was elected King of the Romans.

@ Samples:

(Dec 1410) [24: Abtheilung I (1878); p.65; Doc.# 46]
< Jost (+1411), Margrave of Moravia 1375, of Brandenburg 1397; King of the Romans 1410 >
Jodocus divina favente clementia Romanorum rex semper augustus

(Jan 1411) [25: Band 4; p.67; Doc.# 61]
Wir Jost von gotes gnaden Romischer konig, zu allen zeiten merer des reichs






--- 1411-1415 ( Sigismund of Luxembourg )

King of Hungary, Dalmatia, Croatia, Rama, Serbia, Galicia, Lodomeria, Cumania, Bulgaria;
Margrave of Brandenburg;

@ Added:

- [1411] Hungary, Dalmatia, Croatia, Rama, Serbia, Galicia, Lodomeria, Cumania, Bulgaria
Sigismund of Luxembourg, King of the Romans and of Hungary, regained Brandenburg after the death of his cousin Jost of Luxembourg, Margrave of Moravia.
Note. In 1411, Sigismund appointed Frederick VI of Hohenzollern (+1440), Burgrave of Nuremberg, to govern the Margraviate of Brandenburg.

@ Samples:

(July 1411) [22: Band VII (1861); p.1; Doc.# 1] [1: Hauptheil II; Band III (1846); p.181; Doc.# MCCXCVI]
< Sigismund of Luxembourg (+1437), Margrave of Brandenburg [1373/1378-1397; 1411-1415]; King of Hungary 1387, of Bohemia 1419; King of the Romans 1410/1411; the Roman Emperor 1433 >
Wir Sigmund von gotes gnaden Romischer kunig zu allen zyten merer des Reichs vnd
zu Vngern, Dalmacien, Croacien, Ramen, Seruien, Gallicien, Lodomerien, Comanien vnd Bulgarien kunig,
Marggraue zu Brandemburg,
des heiligen Romischen Rychs Erczcamerer vnd
des kunigreichs zu Behem vnd zu Luczemburg Erbe

(Aug 1411) [1: Hauptheil II; Band III (1846); p.184; Doc.# MCCXCVIII]
Wir Sigemund von gotes gnaden Römischer kunig zu allen czeiten merer des Reichs vnd
zu Vngern, Dalmacien, Croacien, Ramen, Seruien, Gallicien, Lodomerien, Comanien vnnd Bulgarien kunig,
Marggrafe zu Brandenburg,
des heyligenn Römischen Reichs Ercz-Cammerer vnd
des Kunigreichs zu Beheim vnd zu Luczemburg Erbe

(Nov 1412) [13: kötet 2; p.433; Doc.# XV]
Sigismundus Dei gratia romanorum rex semper augustus, ac
Hungarie, Dalmatie, Croatie, Rame, Servie, Gallicie, Lodomerie, Comanie, Bulgarieque rex,
marchio brandemburgensis, necnon
Bohemie et lucemburgensis heres

@ Samples [Governors]:

(Sep 1411) [1: Hauptheil I; Band V (1845); p.174; Doc.# CCLXVII]
< Frederick I of Hohenzollern (+1440), Burgrave of Nuremberg (Frederick VI) 1398; Governor of Brandenburg in 1411-1415; Margrave of Brandenburg (Frederick I) 1415 >
Wir Fridrich, von gotes gnaden Burggraue czu Nuremberg,
der Marcke czu Brandenburg obrister vorweser vnd hauptmann

(Dec 1413) [10: Theil 1; p.45; Doc.# IV]
Wir Fridrich von Gotes Gnaden Bnrggrave zu Nuremberg,
oberster Vorweser der Marke zu Brandenburg

(May 1414) [1: Hauptheil I; Band XXI (1861); p.253; Doc.# CCX]
Wir Fridrich von gotes gnaden Burggraue zue Nuremberg,
Oberster Vorweser der marke zue Brandenburg